Glucose degradation product methylglyoxal enhances the production of vascular endothelial growth factor in peritoneal cells: role in the functional and morphological alterations of peritoneal membranes in peritoneal dialysis.

Peritoneal membrane permeability deteriorates in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. We test whether glucose degradation products (GDPs) in PD fluids, glyoxal, methylglyoxal and 3-deoxyglucosone, stimulate the production of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), a factor known to enhance vascular permeability and angiogenesis. VEGF increased in cultured… (More)