Glucose decreases Na+,K+-ATPase activity in pancreatic beta-cells. An effect mediated via Ca2+-independent phospholipase A2 and protein kinase C-dependent phosphorylation of the alpha-subunit.


In the pancreatic beta-cell, glucose-induced membrane depolarization promotes opening of voltage-gated L-type Ca2+ channels, an increase in cytoplasmic free Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i), and exocytosis of insulin. Inhibition of Na+,K+-ATPase activity by ouabain leads to beta-cell membrane depolarization and Ca2+ influx. Because glucose-induced beta-cell… (More)


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