Glucose activates H(+)-ATPase in kidney epithelial cells.

  • Suguru Nakamura
  • Published 2004 in American journal of physiology. Cell physiology


The vacuolar H(+)-ATPase (V-ATPase) acidifies compartments of the vacuolar system of eukaryotic cells. In renal epithelial cells, it resides on the plasma membrane and is essential for bicarbonate transport and acid-base homeostasis. The factors that regulate the H(+)-ATPase remain largely unknown. The present study examines the effect of glucose on H(+)-ATPase activity in the pig kidney epithelial cell line LLC-PK(1). Cellular pH was measured by performing ratiometric fluorescence microscopy using the pH-sensitive indicator BCECF-AM. Intracellular acidification was induced with NH(3)/NH(4)(+) prepulse, and rates of intracellular pH (pH(i)) recovery (after in situ calibration) were determined by the slopes of linear regression lines during the first 3 min of recovery. The solutions contained 1 microM ethylisopropylamiloride and were K(+) free to eliminate Na(+)/H(+) exchange and H(+)-K(+)-ATPase activity. After NH(3)/NH(4)(+)-induced acidification, LLC-PK(1) cells had a significant pH(i) recovery rate that was inhibited entirely by 100 nM of the V-ATPase inhibitor concanamycin A. Acute removal of glucose from medium markedly reduced V-ATPase-dependent pH(i) recovery activity. Readdition of glucose induced concentration-dependent reactivation of V-ATPase pH(i) recovery activity within 2 min. Glucose replacement produced no significant change in cell ATP or ADP content. H(+)-ATPase activity was completely inhibited by the glycolytic inhibitor 2-deoxy-d-glucose (20 mM) but only partially inhibited by the mitochondrial electron transport inhibitor antimycin A (20 microM). The phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) inhibitor wortmannin (500 nM) abolished glucose activation of V-ATPase, and activity was restored after wortmannin removal. Glucose activates V-ATPase activity in kidney epithelial cells through the glycolytic pathway by a signaling pathway that requires PI3K activity. These findings represent an entirely new physiological effect of glucose, linking it to cellular proton secretion and vacuolar acidification.

11 Figures and Tables

Cite this paper

@article{Nakamura2004GlucoseAH, title={Glucose activates H(+)-ATPase in kidney epithelial cells.}, author={Suguru Nakamura}, journal={American journal of physiology. Cell physiology}, year={2004}, volume={287 1}, pages={C97-105} }