Glucocorticoid induction of epithelial sodium channel expression in lung and renal epithelia occurs via trans-activation of a hormone response element in the 5'-flanking region of the human epithelial sodium channel alpha subunit gene.

In airway and renal epithelia, the glucocorticoid-mediated stimulation of amiloride-sensitive Na+ transport is associated with increased expression of the epithelial Na+ channel alpha subunit (alphaENaC). In H441 lung cells, 100 nM dexamethasone increases amiloride-sensitive short-circuit current (3.3 microA/cm2 to 7.5 microA/cm2), correlating with a 5-fold… (More)