Glossopharyngeal and tectal influences on tongue-muscle motoneurons in the Japanese toad.

@article{Matsushima1986GlossopharyngealAT,
  title={Glossopharyngeal and tectal influences on tongue-muscle motoneurons in the Japanese toad.},
  author={Toshiya Matsushima and Masahiko Satou and Kazuo Ueda},
  journal={Brain research},
  year={1986},
  volume={365 1},
  pages={198-203}
}
Anuran tongue-muscle motoneurons receive excitatory inputs both from the glossopharyngeal nerve afferents and from the optic tectum. As a step toward elucidating the neural bases for controlling the tongue movements, we searched intracellularly for the neuronal pathways from the glossopharyngeal afferents to the tongue-muscle motoneurons in paralyzed Japanese toads. The electrical stimuli applied to the glossopharyngeal nerve (ipsilateral lingual branch) evoked polysynaptic excitatory… CONTINUE READING
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