Glomerular expression of macrophage colony-stimulating factor and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor in patients with various forms of glomerulonephritis.

Macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) are major mediators for the differentiation, proliferation, and activation of the macrophage. Recently, M-CSF was documented to play a pivotal role in the development of nephritis via macrophage activation in MRL-lpr mice. The macrophage is also… CONTINUE READING