Globalization and the Concept of the Second City

@article{Hodos2007GlobalizationAT,
  title={Globalization and the Concept of the Second City},
  author={Jerome I. Hodos},
  journal={City \& Community},
  year={2007},
  volume={6},
  pages={315 - 333}
}
Globalization is fundamentally reorienting how cities are connected to one another through trade, migration, communication, and representation. Whereas most existing research has concentrated on unambiguously global cities, in this paper I discuss the positions of cities lower down in the urban hierarchy. I argue that “second cities” constitute a type characterized by distinct patterns of global integration. This second city pattern is constituted by the following: globally active firms in… 

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