Globalization—In the Name of Which Freedom?

  title={Globalization—In the Name of Which Freedom?},
  author={Jeffrey D. Sachs},
  journal={Humanistic Management Journal},
  • J. Sachs
  • Published 2017
  • Geography
  • Humanistic Management Journal
I consider four waves of globalization. The first is Commercial Capitalism (1500-1800), following the voyages of Columbus and Da Gama. The second is Industrial Capitalism (1800-1950), following the industrial revolution led by the steam engine and mechanization. The third is the Era of Convergence (1950-Present), following the end of the European empires after World War II. The fourth is the New Globalization (Present-2100) marked by three decisive trends: the relative rise of Asia, the… Expand
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