Global threats to human water security and river biodiversity

@article{Vrsmarty2010GlobalTT,
  title={Global threats to human water security and river biodiversity},
  author={Charles J. V{\"o}r{\"o}smarty and Peter B. McIntyre and Mark O. Gessner and David Dudgeon and Alexander A. Prusevich and Peter Green and Stanley J. Glidden and Stuart E. Bunn and Caroline A. Sullivan and Catherine Reidy Liermann and Peter M. Davies},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2010},
  volume={467},
  pages={555-561}
}
Protecting the world’s freshwater resources requires diagnosing threats over a broad range of scales, from global to local. Here we present the first worldwide synthesis to jointly consider human and biodiversity perspectives on water security using a spatial framework that quantifies multiple stressors and accounts for downstream impacts. We find that nearly 80% of the world’s population is exposed to high levels of threat to water security. Massive investment in water technology enables rich… 
Natural solutions for water management of the future: freshwater protected areas at the 6th World Parks Congress
Freshwater biodiversity continues to decline. Protected areas are recognized as critical tools in its conservation. Concurrently, despite global efforts to ensure water supplies, billions of people
A spatial evaluation of global wildfire-water risks to human and natural systems.
Freshwater biodiversity conservation through source water protection: Quantifying the potential and addressing the challenges
Water insecurity is a defining feature of the Anthropocene, with degraded water quality and unreliable flows putting the well‐being of upstream and downstream communities, both human and aquatic, at
Protected areas and freshwater provisioning: a global assessment of freshwater provision, threats and management strategies to support human water security
Protected areas, although often terrestrially focused and less frequently designed to protect freshwater resources, can be extremely important for conserving freshwater biodiversity and supporting
Contribution of national bioassessment approaches for assessing ecological water security: an AUSRIVAS case study
  • S. Nichols, F. Dyer
  • Environmental Science
    Frontiers of Environmental Science & Engineering
  • 2013
River managers in Australia are managing in the face of extremes to provide security of water supply for people, production and the environment. Balancing the water requirements of people,
Indicators for Assessing Threats to Freshwater Biodiversity from Humans and Human-Shaped Landscapes
Whereas high human population density generally indicates a stress to nearby aquatic communities, the opposite is not always true. Because freshwaters integrate disturbances from their upstream
Sustaining Freshwater Biodiversity in the Anthropocene
Globally, fresh water is a limited resource, covering only about 0.8 % of the world’s surface area. With over 126,000 species living in its ecosystems, freshwater harbours a disproportionate share of
Looking Beyond the Fenceline: Assessing Protection Gaps for the World's Rivers
Protected areas are a cornerstone strategy for terrestrial and increasingly marine biodiversity conservation, but their use for conserving inland waters has received comparatively scant attention. In
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 112 REFERENCES
Freshwater biodiversity: importance, threats, status and conservation challenges
TLDR
This article explores the special features of freshwater habitats and the biodiversity they support that makes them especially vulnerable to human activities and advocates continuing attempts to check species loss but urges adoption of a compromise position of management for biodiversity conservation, ecosystem functioning and resilience, and human livelihoods.
Freshwater biodiversity conservation: recent progress and future challenges
TLDR
Progress in conservation of freshwater biodiversity is reviewed, with a focus on the period since 1986, and key challenges for the future are outlined, including bridge the gap between freshwater ecology and conservation biology.
Global Biodiversity Conservation Priorities
TLDR
It is hoped this synthesis improves understanding of these prioritization approaches and that it results in more efficient allocation of geographically flexible conservation funding.
Geospatial Indicators of Emerging Water Stress: An Application to Africa
TLDR
This study demonstrates the use of globally available Earth system science data sets for water assessment in otherwise information-poor regions of the world and develops explicit geospatial indicators that link biogeophysical, socioeconomic, and engineering perspectives constitutes an important next step in global water assessment.
Global water resources: vulnerability from climate change and population growth.
TLDR
Numerical experiments combining climate model outputs, water budgets, and socioeconomic information along digitized river networks demonstrate that (i) a large proportion of the world's population is currently experiencing water stress and (ii) rising water demands greatly outweigh greenhouse warming in defining the state of global water systems to 2025.
Human Development Report 2006 - Beyond Scarcity: Power, Poverty and the Global Water Crisis
Throughout history water has confronted humanity with some of its greatest challenges. Water is a source of life and a natural resource that sustains our environments and supports livelihoods – but
The challenge of providing environmental flow rules to sustain river ecosystems.
TLDR
A generic approach is proposed that incorporates essential aspects of natural flow variability shared across particular classes of rivers that can be validated with empirical biological data and other information in a calibration process and can bridge the gap between simple hydrological "rules of thumb" and more comprehensive environmental flow assessments and experimental flow restoration projects.
Global water assessment and potential contributions from Earth Systems Science
Abstract. Earth Systems Science has made significant strides over the last decade in developing consistent, high quality, spatially-contiguous, and in many cases real-time bioegoephysical data sets.
Humans transforming the global water system
Fresh water figures prominently in the machinery of the Earth system and is key to understanding the full scope of global change. Greenhouse warming with a potentially accelerated hydrologic cycle is
...
...