Global regulatory framework for production and marketing of crops biofortified with vitamins and minerals

  title={Global regulatory framework for production and marketing of crops biofortified with vitamins and minerals},
  author={Luis A. Mejia and Omar G. Dary and Hala Boukerdenna},
  journal={Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences},
Biofortification of crops is being introduced in several countries as a strategy to reduce micronutrient deficiencies. Biofortified products, with increased contents of micronutrients, are currently produced by conventional plant breeding, genetic modification, or nutrient‐enhanced fertilization. Corn, rice, wheat, beans, pearl millet, sweet potato, and cassava have been biofortified with increased contents of provitamin A carotenoids, iron, or zinc. However, regulatory considerations are rare… 

The global regulatory framework for the commercialization of nutrient enriched biofortified foods

Nutrient enriched crops (NECs) were developed through biofortification as a tool to reach the world's most vulnerable. The delivery model developed by HarvestPlus for the scaling of NECs relies on

Staple crops biofortified with increased vitamins and minerals: considerations for a public health strategy

The background and rationale of the technical consultation, synopsizes the presentations, and provides a summary of the main considerations proposed by the working groups are provided.

Biofortified crops for tackling micronutrient deficiencies – what impact are these having in developing countries and could they be of relevance within Europe?

The aim of this review is to describe the impact of biofortified crops on micronutrient intake, nutritional status and other biological endpoints in developing countries and to consider the relevance of these nutritional effects in other parts of the world such as Europe.

Toward Eradication of B-Vitamin Deficiencies: Considerations for Crop Biofortification

This review focuses on the relevant B-vitamins (B1, B6, and B9) and the role of these vitamins in plant physiology is elaborated, as well their biosynthesis.

Assessment of Several Approaches to Biofortified Products: A Literature Review

The aim of this study is to provide a literature review on biofortified products and their role in the scientific sphere. Despite the large number of studies conducted on biofortified products in the

Traditional African Dishes Prepared From Local Biofortified Varieties of Pearl Millet: Acceptability and Potential Contribution to Iron and Zinc Intakes of Burkinabe Young Children

As in Ouagadougou, cereals are eaten in different forms by young children several times per day, iron and zinc intakes could be improved in the long term by using the biofortified varieties of pearl millet.

Which Choice of Delivery Model(s) Works Best to Deliver Fortified Foods?

This review examines the different models used in the delivery of fortified food including complementary foods and biofortified crops and proposes an initial structure for understanding different fortification business cases that will offer assistance to future designers and implementors of food fortification programmes.

Rice: Prevention and Management of Type 2 Diabetes and Coronary Heart Disease

Compared to brown rice, germinated brown rice may have a greater ability to protect rice eaters from developing chronic disease risk factors and managing them after development.

Health Benefits of Micronutrients (Vitamins and Minerals) and their Associated Deficiency Diseases: A Systematic Review

The research focused on the benefits of micronutrients (vitamins and minerals) and their associated deficiency diseases and health complications. Micronutrients are essential elements required by

Genetic Variation and Unintended Risk in the Context of Old and New Breeding Techniques

This review attempts to shed light on apprehensions by putting purported “risks” into the context of plant breeding as a whole by comparing frequencies of spontaneous mutations with those that occur through various conventional and biotechnological breeding approaches, including transgenics and genome editing.



Biofortification: Evidence and lessons learned linking agriculture and nutrition

Biofortification, the process of breeding nutrients into food crops, provides a comparatively cost-effective, sustainable, and long-term means of delivering more micronutrients. The biofortification

Biofortification: A New Tool to Reduce Micronutrient Malnutrition

Objective HarvestPlus seeks to develop and distribute varieties of food staples that are high in iron, zinc, and provitamin A through an interdisciplinary, global alliance of scientific institutions and implementing agencies in developing and developed countries.

Are biofortified staple food crops improving vitamin A and iron status in women and children? New evidence from efficacy trials.

Biofortified food crops appear to have a positive impact on nutritional and functional health outcomes, as the results from the trials suggest, and additional implementation research will be needed to ensure maximization of the beneficial impact and a smooth scaling up to make biofortification a sustainable intervention in public health.

Biofortified Foods and Crops in West Africa: Mali and Burkina Faso

This case study describes the political landscape with regard to the introduction of biofortified crops, including those developed through genetic engineering, in Burkina Faso and Mali.

Biofortification of staple food crops.

Scientific evidence shows biofortification as being important in the armamentarium for controlling micronutrient deficiencies and the challenge is to get producers and consumers to accept biofortified crops and increase their intake of the target nutrients.

Enrichment of cereal grains with zinc: Agronomic or genetic biofortification?

Plant breeding strategy (e.g., genetic biofortification) appears to be a most sustainable and cost-effective approach useful in improving Zn concentrations in grain, and application of Zn fertilizers or Zn-enriched NPK fertilizers offers a rapid solution to the problem.

The global regulatory landscape regarding micronutrient fortification of condiments and seasonings

It is recommended that legislation regarding food fortification be mandatory in nature and follow established CODEX and World Trade Organization principles as well as World Health Organization/Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations fortification guidelines to ensure that these programs are safe, effective, and sustainable.

Nutritional and safety assessment of foods and feeds nutritionally improved through biotechnology--case studies by the International Food Biotechnology Committee of ILSI.

  • K. Glenn
  • Business, Medicine
    Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition
  • 2008
The Golden Rice 2 case study will be presented as an example of a food crop nutritionally enhanced through the application of modern biotechnology to illustrate how the 2004 recommendations provide a robust paradigm for the safety assessment of "real world" examples of improved nutrition crops.

Nutrient biofortification of food crops.

Traditional agricultural approaches can marginally enhance the nutritional value of some foods, but the advances in molecular biology are rapidly being exploited to engineer crops with enhanced key nutrients.

The politics of Golden Rice

  • A. Dubock
  • Political Science
    GM crops & food
  • 2014
The Cartagena Protocol has spawned significant regulatory obstacles to the development of GMO-crop technology at great cost to global society and in conflict with many other UN objectives.