Global prevalence and burden of depressive and anxiety disorders in 204 countries and territories in 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic

  title={Global prevalence and burden of depressive and anxiety disorders in 204 countries and territories in 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic},
  author={Damian F Ana M Jamileh Peng Charlie David M Cristiana Chr Santomauro Mantilla Herrera Shadid Zheng Ashbaugh and Damian Francesco Santomauro and Ana Maria Mantilla Herrera and Jamileh Shadid and Peng Zheng and Charlie Ashbaugh and David M. Pigott and Cristiana Abbafati and Christopher Adolph and Joanne O Amlag and Aleksandr Y. Aravkin and Bree L Bang-Jensen and Gregory J Bertolacci and Sabina S Bloom and Rachel Castellano and E Filipa de Castro and Suman Chakrabarti and Jhilik Chattopadhyay and Rebecca M. Cogen and James Collins and Xiaochen Dai and William James Dangel and Carolyn Dapper and Amanda Deen and Megan Erickson and Samuel B. Ewald and Abraham D. Flaxman and Joseph Jon Frostad and Nancy Fullman and John R. Giles and Ababi Zergaw Giref and Gaorui Guo and Jiawei He and Monika Helak and Erin N Hulland and Bulat Idrisov and Akiaja Lindstrom and Emily Linebarger and Paulo Andrade Lotufo and Rafael Lozano and Beatrice Magistro and D{\'e}borah Carvalho Malta and Johan M{\aa}nsson and F{\'a}tima Marinho and Ali H. Mokdad and Lorenzo Monasta and Paulami Naik and Shuhei Nomura and James Kevin O'Halloran and Samuel M. Ostroff and Maja Pa{\vs}ovi{\'c} and Louise Penberthy and Robert C. Reiner Jr. and Grace Reinke and Ant{\^o}nio Luiz Pinho Ribeiro and Aleksei Sholokhov and Reed J. D. Sorensen and Elena A. Varavikova and Anh Truc Vo and Rebecca L Walcott and Stefanie Watson and Charles Shey Wiysonge and Bethany Zigler and Simon I. Hay and Theo Vos and Christopher J. L. Murray and Harvey A. Whiteford and Alize J Ferrari},
  journal={Lancet (London, England)},
  pages={1700 - 1712}
  • Damian F Ana M Jamileh Peng Charlie David M Cristiana Chr Santomauro Mantilla Herrera Shadid Zheng Ashbaugh D. Santomauro A. Ferrari
  • Published 1 October 2021
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Lancet (London, England)

Figures and Tables from this paper

Global changes in depression and anxiety due to COVID‐19

  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of paediatrics and child health
  • 2021
Females were more affected than males by the COVID-19 pandemic and youngermore affected than older age groups, and locations most affected by CO VID-19 in terms of increased daily case rates and decreased mobility had the greatest increases in prevalence of anxiety and major depression.

Mental disorders following COVID-19 and other epidemics: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Assessing the mental health impact of COVID-19 and of other epidemics in the community found public trust in authorities, availability of accurate information, adoption of preventive measures and social support were associated with less morbidity.

Common mental disorders during the COVID-19 pandemic in Hong Kong: Age-related differences and implications for dementia risk

Common mental disorders are highly prevalent during the COVID-19 pandemic in Hong Kong, though older adults appeared to be less affected mentally, with particular attention to the younger cohort.

Impact of the early phase of the COVID-19 pandemic on the use of mental health services in South Korea: a nationwide, health insurance data-based study

In the early phase of the COVID-19 pandemic, there was a trend of a decreasing number of psychiatric inpatients and increasing medication adherence; however, the number of Psychiatric outpatients remained unaltered.

Changes in the Mean of and Variance in Psychological Disease Incidences before and during the COVID-19 Pandemic in the Korean Adult Population

Many psychological disorders, including depressive disorder, bipolar disorder, primary insomnia, panic disorder, hypochondriasis, PTSD, anxiety disorder, anorexia nervosa, addephagia, and gambling addiction, had a higher number of related medical visits, while disorders such as schizophrenia, alcoholism, and nicotine dependency had a lower number ofrelated medical visits during COVID-19 among Korean adults.

Impact of COVID-19 pandemic related stressors on patients with anxiety disorders: A cross-sectional study

Investigation of the effect of the first wave and its aftermath of the pandemic in Germany on psychopathology of patients diagnosed with panic disorder, social anxiety disorder and specific phobia who were on the waiting list or in current treatment at a German university-based outpatient clinic found a positive association between stressors and symptom load.

Longitudinal impact of the COVID19 pandemic on mental health in a general population sample in France: Evidence from the COMET Study




Increase in prevalence of current mental disorders in the context of COVID-19: analysis of repeated nationwide cross-sectional surveys

Evidence is provided matching concerns that COVID-19-related mental health problems pose a major threat to populations, particularly considering the barriers in service provision posed during lockdown, and an urgent need to scale up mental health promotion and prevention globally.

Roadmap to strengthen global mental health systems to tackle the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic

Urgent action is needed to strengthen mental health system in all settings and researchers and researchers should focus on research to develop robust information systems that can be enhanced further by linking with other data sources to run predictive models using artificial intelligence.

Changes in depression and suicidal ideation under severe lockdown restrictions during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic in Spain: a longitudinal study in the general population

Prevalence rates of depression and suicidal ideation did not change significantly from before to after the COVID-19 outbreak, however, the rates of Depression among individuals aged 50+ years showed a significant decrease compared to before the pandemic.

Global burden of 369 diseases and injuries in 204 countries and territories, 1990–2019: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019

  • Theo Stephen S Cristiana Kaja M Mohammad Mitra Mohsen H Vos Lim Abbafati Abbas Abbasi Abbasifard Abbasi-KaT. Vos Christopher J. L. Murray
  • Medicine
    The Lancet
  • 2020

Has increased provision of treatment reduced the prevalence of common mental disorders? Review of the evidence from four countries

These data show that the prevalence of mood and anxiety disorders and symptoms has not decreased, despite substantial increases in the provision of treatment, particularly antidepressants, in industrialized countries from 1990 to 2015.