Global patterns of ectomycorrhizal introductions.

@article{Vellinga2009GlobalPO,
  title={Global patterns of ectomycorrhizal introductions.},
  author={Else C. Vellinga and Benjamin E. Wolfe and Anne Pringle},
  journal={The New phytologist},
  year={2009},
  volume={181 4},
  pages={
          960-73
        }
}
Plants have often been moved across the globe with intact root systems. These roots are likely to have housed symbiotic ectomycorrhizal (EM) fungi and the movement of plants may have facilitated the introduction of EM fungi.Here, we report data compiled from a newly created database of EM fungal introductions.We estimate the magnitude of EM fungal introductions around the world and examine patterns associated with these introductions. We also use the data to develop a framework for… 

Figures from this paper

Invasion potential and host shifts of Australian and African ectomycorrhizal fungi in mixed eucalypt plantations.

It is demonstrated that host shifts were uncommon in the Australian fungi, but frequent in the African fungi, especially in mixed plantations where roots of different trees intermingle, and inoculation of eucalypts with native edible fungi may ameliorate the potential invasion risks of introduced fungi and provide an alternative source of nutrition.

Suilloid fungi as global drivers of pine invasions.

The results suggest that the identity of mycorrhizal fungi and their ecological interactions, rather than simply the presence of compatible fungi, are key to the understanding of plant invasion processes and their success or failure.

Distribution and abundance of the introduced ectomycorrhizal fungus Amanita phalloides in North America.

The contrasting patterns of the distribution and abundance of A. phalloides on the East and West Coasts of North America may influence both its future spread and its impacts.

Identities and distributions of the co-invading ectomycorrhizal fungal symbionts of exotic pines in the Hawaiian Islands

This study examines the community structure of non-native ectomycorrhizal fungi associated with pine invasions in the Hawaiian Islands and surmises that these fungi share functional traits such as the ability for long-distance dispersal from plantations and host tree colonization via spore that lead to their success when introduced to new habitats.

Population genetics of ectomycorrhizal fungi: from current knowledge to emerging directions.

Mycorrhizal Symbioses and Plant Invasions

A conceptual framework for considering mycorrhizal symbioses in plant species invasions is developed and it is shown that aspects of this symbiosis can critically influence the trajectory of a plant invasion.

Ectomycorrhizal Plant-Fungal Co-invasions as Natural Experiments for Connecting Plant and Fungal Traits to Their Ecosystem Consequences

Hypotheses on how effects of introduced and invasive EM fungi may depend on interactions between soil N availability in the exotic range and EM fungal traits are developed and tested.

Consequences for ectomycorrhizal fungi of the selective loss or gain of pine across landscapes

It is posited that the consequences of shifts in EM fungal abundance and community composition extend beyond the individual tree to the landscape; these changes may affect population dynamics of both symbionts, ecosystem...

Asynchronous origins of ectomycorrhizal clades of Agaricales

  • M. RybergP. B. Matheny
  • Environmental Science, Biology
    Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
  • 2011
While it is demonstrated support for asynchronous origins of ECM Agaricales, the timing of such events appears to have occurred more recently than suggested by the first hypothesis, first during the Cretaceous and later during the Palaeogene.

Understanding introduction history: Genetic structure and diversity of the edible ectomycorrhizal fungus, Suillus luteus, in Patagonia (Argentina)

The results suggest that the weak genetic structure of the species reflects the short time that has elapsed since the introduction of S. luteus into Patagonia, and its expansion with exotic afforestation there, and is probably related to the anthropogenic movement of inoculum associated with forestry practices.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 143 REFERENCES

Ectomycorrhizal fungi in New Zealand: Current perspectives and future directions

Invasive ECM fungi and their roles in facilitating the invasion of introduced trees are reviewed and Amanita muscaria is a potential unas‐sessed threat to native ECM fungal communities.

Invasion biology of Australian ectomycorrhizal fungi introduced with eucalypt plantations into the Iberian Peninsula

  • J. Díez
  • Environmental Science
    Biological Invasions
  • 2004
In the last two centuries, several species of Australian eucalypts (e.g. Eucalyptus camaldulensis and E.␣globulus) were introduced into the Iberian Peninsula for the production of paper pulp. The

Application of Specific Ectomycorrhizal Fungi in World Forestry

Evidence suggests that the mycorrhizal habit evolved as a survival mechanism for both the fungi and the higher plants in the association, allowing each to survive in the existing environments of low soil fertility, periodic drought, disease, extreme temperature, and other natural stresses.

Plant invasions — the role of mutualisms

The view that tightly coevolved, plant‐vertebrate seed dispersal systems are extremely rare is supported and perspectives on mutualisms in screening protocols will improve the ability to predict whether a given plant species could invade a particular habitat.

Phylogeny of the glomeromycota (arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi): recent developments and new gene markers.

Nuclear-encoded rDNA and rpb1 protein gene sequences are used to reassess the phylogeny of the Glomeromycota and discuss possible implications.

Genetic diversity of Pisolithus in New Zealand indicates multiple long-distance dispersal from Australia.

It is proposed that Pisolithus fungi were introduced to New Zealand from Australia by trans-Tasman airflow during recent geological times and may be related to the capacity of kanuka to act as a 'nurse plant' for wind-blown spores.

Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi as a Determinant of Plant Diversity: in Search of Underlying Mechanisms and General Principles

It is shown that a positive relationship exists between the mycorrhizal dependency of a plant and the amount of phosphorus obtained from AMF, and a re-analysis of previously published material shows that interplant carbon transport through a mycorRhizal hyphal network, from one plant to another, is directed towards plant species with the highest mycor Rhizological dependency.

Functioning of mycorrhizal associations along the mutualism–parasitism continuum*

A greater understanding of how mycorrhizas function in complex natural systems is a prerequisite to managing them in agriculture, forestry, and restoration.

Diversity of ectomycorrhizal fungi in Britain: a test of the species-area relationship, and the role of host specificity

Exotic conifer species, which displayed a lower ECM diversity than would be expected from their distributional areas, were characterized by a high degree of overlap with the ECM associates of Pinus and Betula.
...