Global influence of the AD 1600 eruption of Huaynaputina, Peru

  title={Global influence of the AD 1600 eruption of Huaynaputina, Peru},
  author={Shanaka L. de Silva and Gregory A. Zielinski},
It has long been estabished that gas and fine ash from large equatorial explosive eruptions can spread globally, and that the sulphuric acid that is consequently produced in the stratosphere can cause a small, but statistically significant, cooling of global temperatures,. Central to revealing the ancient volcano–climate connection have been studies linking single eruptions to features of climate-proxy records such as found in ice-core and tree-ring chronologies. Such records also suggest that… 
Global Impacts of the 1600 Eruption of Peru's Huaynaputina Volcano
The human impacts of the 1815 eruption of Tambora volcano in eastern Indonesia are well known. The sulfur injected into the stratosphere by that eruption produced a veil of sunlight-reflecting
Climate response to the Samalas volcanic eruption in 1257 revealed by proxy records
The eruption of Samalas in Indonesia in 1257 ranks among the largest sulfur-rich eruptions of the Common Era with sulfur deposition in ice cores reaching twice the volume of the Tambora eruption in
Ice core and palaeoclimatic evidence for the timing and nature of the great mid‐13th century volcanic eruption
Ice cores from both the Arctic and Antarctic record a massive volcanic eruption in around AD 1258. The inter‐hemispheric transport of ash and sulphate aerosol suggests a low‐latitude explosive
The 1600 CE Huaynaputina eruption as a possible trigger for persistent cooling in the North Atlantic region
. Paleoclimate reconstructions have identified a period of exceptional summer and winter cooling in the North Atlantic region following the eruption of the tropical volcano Huaynaputina (Peru) in 1600
Climatic, environmental and human consequences of the largest known historic eruption: Tambora volcano (Indonesia) 1815
The 1815 eruption of Tambora volcano (Sumbawa island, Indonesia) expelled around 140 gt of magma (equivalent to ≈50 km3 of dense rock), making it the largest known historic eruption. More than 95% by
Use of paleo-records in determining variability within the volcanism climate system
Climatic and societal impacts of a “forgotten” cluster of volcanic eruptions in 1108-1110 CE
It is shown that a unique medieval observation of a “dark” total lunar eclipse attests to a dust veil over Europe in May 1110 CE, corroborating the revised ice-core chronologies and thus revealing a previously unknown major tropical eruption in 1108 CE.
The 1600 Huaynaputina Eruption as Possible Trigger for Persistent Cooling in the North Atlantic Region
Abstract. Paleoclimate reconstructions identify a period of exceptional summer and winter cooling in the North Atlantic region following the eruption of the tropical volcano Huaynaputina (Peru) in


1000 years of explosive volcanism recorded at the South Pole
Cataclysmic volcanic eruptions generally disturb the global atmosphere markedly for around 2 years. During that time, long-life volcanic products (mainly H 2 SO 4 ), stored in the stratosphere
Influence of volcanic eruptions on Northern Hemisphere summer temperature over the past 600 years
A network of temperature-sensitive tree-ring-density chronologies provides circum-hemisphere information on year-by-year changes in summer warmth in different regions of the northern boreal forest.
Tree-ring evidence of the widespread effects of explosive volcanic eruptions
Tree-ring evidence from 97 sites over North America and Europe are used to develop a chronology of widespread cool summers since 1600. Averaging annual maximum-density information from the
On the “Climatic Effectiveness” of Volcanic Eruptions
  • D. Pyle
  • Environmental Science
    Quaternary Research
  • 1992
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