Global epidemiology of sexually transmitted diseases

  title={Global epidemiology of sexually transmitted diseases},
  author={Antonio Gerbase and Jane Rowley and Thierry Mertens},
  journal={The Lancet},

Figures from this paper

Syphilis: Epidemiological Aspects

The control of syphilis by public health measures is exemplified by a lower incidence in Europe and North America than the rest of the world, and an increased incidence in syphilis is found associated with wars and civil disturbance.

Changing trends in sexually transmitted infections at a Regional STD Centre in north India.

The study showed a definite changing trend in the profile of STIs in the clinic attendees of a major STD centre during a 15 yr period, and a drastic change in the antimicrobial resistance of N. gonorrhoeae from B to C and C to D and the emergence of less sensitive isolate to ceftriaxone during the later part of the study were observed.

Managing Sexually Transmitted Diseases in the Tropics: Is a Laboratory Really Needed?

The advent and increase of HIV infection has further highlighted the importance of STD as a major health problem, and STO control would represent one of the most cost-effective ways to improve health in the world.

STD/ AIDS Asia and world perspective

A short summary of the current status of sexually transmitted infections (STIs)/HIV epidemiology in the Asia-Pacific region and the world is provided.

International Travel and Sexually Transmitted Disease

This experience with antimicrobial resistance of Neisseria gonorrhoeae should serve as a model for STD prevention planning and programming and highlights the importance of retaining the laboratory capacity to monitor antimicrobial susceptibilities of bacterial STD isolates.

Approaches to the control of sexually transmitted infections in developing countries: old problems and modern challenges

The challenge is not just to develop new interventions, but to identify barriers to the implementation of existing tools, and to devise strategies for ensuring that effective STI control programmes are implemented in the future.

Differences in curable STDs between HIV and non-HIV populations in Spain.

The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency of curable STDs (herpes, chlamydia, gonorrhoea, syphilis, trichomoniasis) in a hospital-based STD clinic in Madrid, Spain during a 4-year period.

Contemporary clinical aspects of syphilis, diagnosis and treatment

Although syphilis became a rarity in many Western countries after the development of penicillin, its transmission still occurred in some social settings, such as rural and remote Australian Indigenous communities, the urban poor in the southern United States, and inner city communities of homosexually active men across the Western world.

Antibiotic use in sexually transmissible diseases.

Sexually transmitted diseases




Global prevalence and incidence estimates of selected curable STDs.

Estimates of the global prevalence and incidence of these infections are limited by quantity and quality of data available from the different regions of the world and will require more well designed epidemiological studies on the prevalence and duration of infection.

Non-ulcerative sexually transmitted diseases as risk factors for HIV-1 transmission in women: results from a cohort study.

Non-ulcerative STD were risk factors for sexual transmission of HIV-1 in women, after controlling for sexual exposure, and offered an important additional strategy for the prevention of HIV/AIDS.

Epidemiological methods to study the interaction between HIV infection and other sexually transmitted diseases.

Special emphasis is given to the use of randomized intervention trials to overcome many of the biases associated with observational studies, and to provide information on the efficacy of intensive STD treatment programmes in reducing the transmission of HIV.

Control of sexually transmitted diseases in Haiti: results and implications of a baseline study among pregnant women living in Cité Soleil Shantytowns.

Clinical assessment of cervical discharge, a World Health Organization algorithm, and a decision model based on local risk factors were 64%, 77%, and 89% sensitive, respectively, and 44%, 38%, and 43% specific, respectively for predicting cervical infection.

Health seeking behaviour and the control of sexually transmitted disease.

It is argued that such knowledge would assist programme planners in the development of more accessible and effective services, that studies of health seeking behaviour need to include a combination of qualitative and quantitative methods, and that studies should include data collection about people who do not present to health care facilities as well as those who do.

Health dimensions of sex and reproduction : the global burden of sexually transmitted diseases, HIV, maternal conditions, perinatal disorders, and congenital anomalies

Quantifying the health risks of sex and reproduction -implications of alternative definitions, Christopher J.L. Murray and Alan D. Lopez sexually transmitted diseases, Jane Rowley and Seth Berkley

Infectious Diseases of Humans: Dynamics and Control

This book discusses the biology of host-microparasite associations, dynamics of acquired immunity heterogeneity within the human community indirectly transmitted helminths, and the ecology and genetics of hosts and parasites.