Global diversity of large branchiopods (Crustacea: Branchiopoda) in freshwater

  title={Global diversity of large branchiopods (Crustacea: Branchiopoda) in freshwater},
  author={Luc Brendonck and D. Christopher Rogers and J{\o}rgen Olesen and Stephen C. Weeks and Walter Randolph Hoeh},
With about 500 known species worldwide, the large brachiopods are a relatively small group of primitive crustaceans. With few exceptions they live in temporary aquatic systems that are most abundant in arid and semi arid areas. As many regions remain unexplored and as especially the number of species in clam shrimps and tadpole shrimps is underestimated due to difficult identification, the species list will increase with future surveys. The Branchiopoda are monophyletic, but inter-ordinal… 

Fairy shrimps in distress: a molecular taxonomic review of the diverse fairy shrimp genus Branchinella (Anostraca: Thamnocephalidae) in Australia in the light of ongoing environmental change

A large scale phylogeny of the Australian Branchinella is reconstructed by analyzing the 16S mitochondrial gene of 31 presumed species, complemented with analysis of morphological structures holding taxonomic information, which suggests substantial physiological plasticity or important adaptive variation present in some species, potentially enabling them to better cope with environmental change.

Updated checklist and distribution of large branchiopods (Branchiopoda: Anostraca, Notostraca, Spinicaudata) in Tunisia

The known large branchiopod fauna of Tunisia now includes 19 species, showing a noteworthy species richness when the limited extension of the country is considered, and the particular importance of the temporary ponds occurring in the Medjerda river alluvial plain is further stressed.

Key environmental factors for the conservation of large branchiopods in farmland vernal pools — a case from a Central European diversity hotspot

According to the statistical analyses, the presence or absence of particular species was affected by hydroperiod length, heavy metal content in the sediments of the marginal zone of the pond, total water phosphorus content, and pH value, which show that deep and relatively small kettle-hole ponds seem to be the most vulnerable to human-induced changes in water nutrient contents and acidification.

Distribution and assemblages of large branchiopods (Crustacea: Branchiopoda) of northern Western Ghats, India

The present study is a report on the distribution and assemblages of large branchiopods from the Western Ghats of Maharashtra. Different types of water bodies were sampled including pools on

A Review of Recently Discovered Remains of the Pleistocene Branchiopods (Anostraca, Notostraca) from NE Siberia and Arctic Canada

In this study, we examine, identify, and discuss fossil remains of large branchiopod crustaceans collected from six sites across the Beringian region (north-eastern Asia and north-western North

Toward a Global Phylogeny of the “Living Fossil" Crustacean Order of the Notostraca

A molecular phylogeny of the Notostraca was constructed using model based phylogenetic methods and it was concluded that, although some present day tadpole shrimp species closely resemble fossil specimens as old as 250 mya, no molecular support was found for an ancient (pre) Mesozoic radiation.

Evolutionary systematics of the Australian Eocyzicus fauna (Crustacea: Branchiopoda: Spinicaudata) reveals hidden diversity and phylogeographic structure

There is little to no genetic differentiation between certain populations of the species found in eastern and central Australia (e.g. the Murray–Darling Basin, the Bulloo River catchment and the eastern and northern Lake Eyre Basin; LEB), suggesting high dispersal rates within this large area.

Chapter 28 – Class Branchiopoda

The freshwater diaptomid copepod fauna (Crustacea: Copepoda: Diaptomidae) of the Western Ghats of Maharashtra with notes on distribution, species richness and ecology

Hydroperiod, depth, electrical conductivity, altitude, mean annual temperature and latitude largely influenced the distribution of species in the study area, and co-occurrences of species were overall rare but more common in temporary habitats.



Large Freshwater Branchiopods in Austria: Diversity, Threats and Conservational Status

For the first time, Anostraca, Notostraca and Conchostraca (Laevicaudata, Spinicaudata) will be listed in the Austrian Red Data Book of Endangered Species. According to the 1999 IUCN draft criteria,

Molecular evidence suggests an ancient radiation for the fairy shrimp genus Streptocephalus (Branchiopoda: Anostraca)

Results indicate that Streptocephalus probably evolved in Gondwana and that the current distribution patterns are a consequence of a combination of vicariance and limited dispersal, implications for the evolution of continental freshwater crustaceans are discussed.

Probing the relationships of the branchiopod crustaceans.

Diagnosis and phylogeny of the new world streptocephalidae (Branchiopoda: Anostraca)

It is argued that the New World species of 13Streptocephalus represent relict forms of ancestral groups fragmented by continental drift (vicariance model), contrary to former disparsalist hypotheses.


A previously unknown species of giant fairy shrimp, Branchinecta raptor n.

Phylogenetic relationships and remarkable radiation in Parartemia (Crustacea: Anostraca), the endemic brine shrimp of Australia: evidence from mitochondrial DNA sequences☆

Comparisons of levels of mt DNA sequence divergence between lineages from saline inland waters and freshwaters using representative crustacean groups from Australia that included parartemiids indicated profound differences in rates of evolution, with halophiles exhibiting greater rates of change than their counterparts from freshwaters.

Molecular characterization of the tadpole shrimp Triops (Branchiopoda: Notostraca) from the Baja California Peninsula, México: New insights on species diversity and phylogeny of the genus

Molecular and phylogenetic analyses indicate that the nominal Triops species T. longicaudatus is a mixture of several species such that, of the seven Triops American populations studied, six phylogenetic species can be identified and two morphologically and reproductively highly divergent forms can be grouped into a single monophyletic clade.

Cryptic species in a "living fossil" lineage: taxonomic and phylogenetic relationships within the genus Lepidurus (Crustacea: Notostraca) in North America.

The results point to the existence of cryptic species within the current classification scheme for Lepidurus, the need for further taxonomic work within the Notostraca in general, and the role that genetic techniques can play in clarifying the systematics of morphologically conservative groups.

A contribution to the systematics of the Streptocephalidae (Branchiopoda: Anostraca)

It is found that the morphology of the peduncle of the distal antennal outgrowth and the biramous ovaries developed in seven North American species can contribute to the systematics of the streptocephalus genus.

Morphological stasis and phylogenetic relationships in Tadpole shrimps,Triops(Crustacea: Notostraca)☆

The present results indicate that most of the morphological change did not occur at the time of speciation (lineage separation) and that morphological stases are important evolutionary patterns, but they are not species-level properties.