Global cerebral hypoperfusion in preclinical stage of idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus.


In patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH), ventriculomegaly and narrowed subarachnoid spaces at the high convexity appear in magnetic resonance (MR) images before the occurrence of objective symptoms. In addition, quantitative regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) has been reported to be reduced in iNPH patients with objective symptoms. To determine whether reduced rCBF is responsible for the appearance of symptoms, we compared rCBF in patients with suspected iNPH with no objective triad symptoms (NOS), iNPH patients with apparent objective triad symptoms (AOS) and normal control subjects (NC). Regional CBF was quantified in 35 Regions-of-interest (ROIs) by 123I-IMP single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) using the autoradiography (ARG) method. Multiple comparisons showed that, in all brain regions examined except for in the frontal white matter, rCBF in the NOS group was significantly lower than that in the NC group, but in all brain regions, not significantly different from that of the AOS group. These results suggest that factors other than rCBF in the resting state are responsible for the occurrence of objective symptoms of iNPH.

DOI: 10.1016/j.jns.2010.09.001

Cite this paper

@article{Takaya2010GlobalCH, title={Global cerebral hypoperfusion in preclinical stage of idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus.}, author={Masahiko Takaya and Hiroaki Kazui and Hiromasa Tokunaga and Tetsuhiko Yoshida and Yumiko Kito and Tamiki Wada and Keiko Nomura and Eku Shimosegawa and Jun Hatazawa and Masatoshi Takeda}, journal={Journal of the neurological sciences}, year={2010}, volume={298 1-2}, pages={35-41} }