Global carbon intensity of crude oil production

  title={Global carbon intensity of crude oil production},
  author={Mohammad S. Masnadi and Hassan M. El-Houjeiri and Dominik Schunack and Yunpo Li and Jacob Englander and Alhassan Badahdah and Jean-Christophe Monfort and James E. Anderson and Timothy J. Wallington and Joule A. Bergerson and Deborah M. Gordon and Jonathan G. Koomey and Steven Victor Przesmitzki and In{\^e}s M. L. Azevedo and Xiaotao Tony Bi and J. Emmett Duffy and Garvin A. Heath and Gregory A. Keoleian and Christophe Mcglade and Daniel N. Meehan and Sonia Yeh and Fengqi You and Michael Q. Wang and Adam R. Brandt},
  pages={851 - 853}
New data enable targeted policy to lessen GHG emissions Producing, transporting, and refining crude oil into fuels such as gasoline and diesel accounts for ∼15 to 40% of the “well-to-wheels” life-cycle greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of transport fuels (1). Reducing emissions from petroleum production is of particular importance, as current transport fleets are almost entirely dependent on liquid petroleum products, and many uses of petroleum have limited prospects for near-term substitution (e… 
Carbon intensity of global crude oil refining and mitigation potential
Changing market demand and increasing environmental regulations challenge the refining industry to shift crude slates and reconfigure production processes while reducing emissions. Yet sellers and
Carbon implications of marginal oils from market-derived demand shocks.
The life-cycle greenhouse gas emissions impacts of marginal crude sources are explored, identifying the upstream carbon intensity (CI) of the producers most sensitive to an oil demand decline (for example, due to a shift to alternative vehicles).
Modelling Variation in Petroleum Products’ Refining Footprints
Energy-related greenhouse gas emissions dominate the carbon footprints of most product systems, where petroleum is one of the main types of energy sources. This is consumed as a variety of refined
Carbon footprint of global natural gas supplies to China
This work estimates well-to-city-gate GHG emissions of gas supplies for China, based on analyses of field-specific characteristics of 104 fields in 15 countries, and shows GHG intensities of supplies from 104 fields vary from 6.2 to 43.3 g CO 2 eq MJ −1 .
Carbon footprint calculation in one of the largest Gas Refinery Companies in the Middle East
Rapid technological advances in the natural gas industry raised access to natural gas reserves, related to increased greenhouse gas emissions, including CO2 and CH4. This study calculates greenhouse
The zero-emissions cost of energy: a policy concept
The energy sector generates over 70% of global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, but existing energy-climate policies do little to reduce GHG emissions to prevent climate change. We present a new
Emissions in the stream: estimating the greenhouse gas impacts of an oil and gas boom
The Shale Revolution has stimulated a large and rapid buildout of oil and gas infrastructure in the Gulf and Southwest regions of the United States ( US ) , expected to unfold over decades.
Analysis The Intensity of CO2 Emissions from Fossil Fuel Combustion in Iraq
Carbon dioxide intensity (CI) refers to carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuel combustion that mainly used for electricity, heat, transport, and other life requirements. The objective of this


Well-to-refinery emissions and net-energy analysis of China’s crude-oil supply
Oil is China’s second-largest energy source, so it is essential to understand the country’s greenhouse gas emissions from crude-oil production. Chinese crude supply is sourced from numerous major
Open-source LCA tool for estimating greenhouse gas emissions from crude oil production using field characteristics.
The Oil Production Greenhouse Gas Emissions Estimator (OPGEE) is developed to provide open-source, transparent, rigorous GHG assessments for use in scientific assessment, regulatory processes, and analysis of GHG mitigation options by producers.
Climate impacts of oil extraction increase significantly with oilfield age
The footprint of oil typically considers combustion emissions, neglecting extraction emissions. This study shows that production declines with depletion for 25 significant oil fields, whilst
Climate-wise choices in a world of oil abundance
Constrained oil supply has given way to abundance at a time when strong action on climate change is wavering. Recent innovation has pushed US oil production to all-time heights and driven oil prices
Global Carbon Budget 2019
Abstract. Accurate assessment of anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and their redistribution among the atmosphere, ocean, and terrestrial biosphere – the “global carbon budget” – is
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)
Divestment and Stranded Assets in the Low-carbon Transition [Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
  • 2015
The environmental case for natural gas
  • 2017
Oil Production Greenhouse Gas Emissions Estimator OPGEE v2.0a, User guide & technical documentation
  • 2017