Global cancer statistics

  title={Global cancer statistics},
  author={Ahmedin Jemal and Freddie Bray and Melissa M. Center and Jacques Ferlay and Elizabeth E. Ward and David Forman},
  journal={CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians},
The global burden of cancer continues to increase largely because of the aging and growth of the world population alongside an increasing adoption of cancer‐causing behaviors, particularly smoking, in economically developing countries. Based on the GLOBOCAN 2008 estimates, about 12.7 million cancer cases and 7.6 million cancer deaths are estimated to have occurred in 2008; of these, 56% of the cases and 64% of the deaths occurred in the economically developing world. Breast cancer is the most… 

Global cancer statistics 2018: GLOBOCAN estimates of incidence and mortality worldwide for 36 cancers in 185 countries

This article provides a status report on the global burden of cancer worldwide using the GLOBOCAN 2018 estimates of cancer incidence and mortality produced by the International Agency for Research on

Global Burden of Breast Cancer

The global burden of breast cancer is reviewed, focusing on patterns of disease in terms of incidence and mortality and their geographical and temporal variations in different regions of the world.

Global estimates of cancer prevalence for 27 sites in the adult population in 2008

The latest estimates of global cancer incidence and survival were used to update previous figures of limited duration prevalence to the year 2008 and highlight the need for long‐term care targeted at managing patients with certain very frequently diagnosed cancer forms.

Molecular Carcinogenesis in Gynecologic Neoplasias

Ovarian cancer occurs with a lifetime risk of 1.4% in the general female population, but with a risk of 15–56% in women carrying a germline mutation of the BRCa1 and BRCA2 genes, which is the fifth leading cause of cancer-related death in women.

The global burden of cancer: priorities for prevention

This paper identifies several preventive measures that offer the most feasible approach to mitigate the anticipated global increase in cancer in countries that can least afford it and underscores the need to strengthen efforts in international tobacco control and to increase the availability of vaccines against hepatitis B and human papilloma virus in countries where they are most needed.

Avoidable cancer deaths globally

  • O. Brawley
  • Medicine, Political Science
    CA: a cancer journal for clinicians
  • 2011
Developing countries have the unique opportunity to avoid millions of smokingrelated cancer deaths by implementing and enforcing comprehensive tobacco control programs, says Jemal et al.

Strategies of hormonal prevention.

The decreased incidence of breast cancer was observed mainly in women aged 50 years or older and was more evident in estrogen receptor (ER)-positive cancers than in ER-negative cancers.

Cancer statistics in China, 2015

Many of the estimated cancer cases and deaths can be prevented through reducing the prevalence of risk factors, while increasing the effectiveness of clinical care delivery, particularly for those living in rural areas and in disadvantaged populations.

Lung cancer screening

In spite of the major advances achieved in lung cancer diagnosis, medical and surgical treatment, and palliative care, the overall 5-year survival has not noticeably changed over the past 20 years and is estimated around 16%.

Estimates of worldwide burden of cancer in 2008: GLOBOCAN 2008

The results for 20 world regions are presented, summarizing the global patterns for the eight most common cancers, and striking differences in the patterns of cancer from region to region are observed.

Estimates of the worldwide mortality from eighteen major cancers in 1985. Implications for prevention and projections of future burden

It is estimated that 20% of all cancer deaths (1 million) could be prevented by eliminating tobacco smoking, and mortality from cancers of the liver and uterine cervix, both major problems in developing countries, could be substantially reduced by immunization against hepatitis B virus infection and early detection through Pap smears, respectively.

Estimates of the worldwide incidence of 25 major cancers in 1990

There are large differences in the relative frequency of different cancers by world area, and tobacco smoking and chewing are almost certainly the major preventable causes of cancer today.

The International Epidemiology of Lung Cancer: Geographical Distribution and Secular Trends

  • D. YouldenS. CrambP. Baade
  • Medicine
    Journal of thoracic oncology : official publication of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
  • 2008
Given the increasing incidence of lung cancer in less developed countries and the current lack of effective treatment for advanced lung cancers, these results highlight the need for ongoing global tobacco reform to reduce the international burden of Lung cancer.

Global Patterns of Cancer Incidence and Mortality Rates and Trends

Changing global incidence and mortality patterns for select common cancers and the opportunities for cancer prevention in developing countries are described.

International epidemiology of prostate cancer: geographical distribution and secular trends.

This review outlines current international patterns in prostate cancer incidence and mortality rates and survival, including recent trends and a discussion of the possible impact of prostate-specific

The global health burden of infection‐associated cancers in the year 2002

  • D. Parkin
  • Medicine, Biology
    International journal of cancer
  • 2006
The fraction of the different types of cancer, and of all cancers worldwide and in different regions, has been estimated using several methods; primarily by reviewing the evidence for the strength of the association (relative risk) and the prevalence of infection in different world areas.

Role of smoking in global and regional cancer epidemiology: Current patterns and data needs

There was significant variability across regions in the role of smoking as a cause of the different site‐specific cancers, illustrating the importance of coupling research and surveillance of smoking with that for other risk factors for more effective cancer prevention.

Global trends in breast cancer incidence and mortality 1973-1997.

Breast cancer incidence and mortality rates remain highest in developed countries compared with developing countries, as a result of differential use of screening mammograms and disparities in lifestyle and hereditary factors.