Global cancer patterns: causes and prevention

  title={Global cancer patterns: causes and prevention},
  author={Paolo Vineis and Christopher Paul Wild},
  journal={The Lancet},

Figures from this paper

Cancer prevention: state of the art and future prospects
Screening programs are an important part of the effort to control cancer, as they are able to reduce both the incidence of cancer and mortality, and anti-cancer vaccines constitute another important preventive tool.
Cancer control in low- and middle-income countries: time for action
The myth that advancing cancer care is only relevant to high-income countries must be dispelled and a collaborative, forward-thinking and global approach is required for successful cancer control.
Global survival patterns: potential for cancer control
Cancer control: a reminder of the need for a balanced approach between prevention and treatment.
  • C. Wild
  • Medicine
    Eastern Mediterranean health journal = La revue de sante de la Mediterranee orientale = al-Majallah al-sihhiyah li-sharq al-mutawassit
  • 2014
There are clear pointers from the body of knowledge in this Report which should contribute to the evidence base for cancer control, and a high priority must be placed on prevention and early detection of the disease, particularly in low and middle-income countries.
Cancer: A Time Bomb in Poor Countries
This chapter aims to show that cancer is becoming a global problem, with a growing case load in low-income countries (LIC); to describe the main agents that cause it; to report what is being done to
Cancer Trends and the Importance of Prevention
A comprehensive cancer control program must be integrated into the primary healthcare network in Iran and suggests various ways to control cancer and implements those that are the most cost-effective and beneficial for the largest part of the Iranian population.
Lifestyle and Cancer Risk
It has been argued that half of all cancers in industrially developed and affluent societies could be avoided by nonsmoking, reducing alcohol consumption, weight control and physical activity, a plant-based diet, and breast-feeding.
Targeting Inflammation for Bladder Cancer Chemoprevention
It is believed that developing chemopreventive strategies for bladder cancer by targeting inflammation is highly desirable, and the preclinical data of promising anti-inflammatory agents for primary, secondary, as well as tertiary prevention is summarized.
Nutrition in the cause and prevention of cancer: An update.
This review is written to provide a tribute to Lee W. Wattenberg, a pioneer cancer prevention scientist whose research was instrumental in uncovering the cancer prevention properties of many dietary compounds, including those discussed in the review.


The causes of cancer: quantitative estimates of avoidable risks of cancer in the United States today.
Evidence that the various common types of cancer are largely avoidable diseases is reviewed, and it is suggested that, apart from cancer of the respiratory tract, the types of cancers that are currently common are not peculiarly modern diseases and are likely to depend chiefly on some long-established factor.
A million africans a year dying from cancer by 2030: What can cancer research and control offer to the continent?
The need for African governments to look forward and prioritize cancer through national cancer control plans, to invest in public health infrastructure and to ensure the adequate training and support for people in cancer prevention and control, and international partners can provide complementary support to mitigate the impending tragedy of cancer.
The emerging epidemic of environmental cancers in developing countries.
  • P. Vineis, W. Xun
  • Environmental Science
    Annals of oncology : official journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
  • 2009
The most common pollutants (aflatoxins, arsenic, air pollutants, biomass fuel and coal, polychlorinated biphenyls and wastes), and the burden of environmental exposures to carcinogens can be substantial in developing countries are examined.
16. The fraction of cancer attributable to lifestyle and environmental factors in the UK in 2010
This chapter summarises the results of the preceding sections, which estimate the fraction of cancers occurring in the UK in 2010 that can be attributed to sub-optimal, past exposures of 14 lifestyle
The Role of Cancer Research in Noncommunicable Disease Control
  • C. Wild
  • Medicine, Political Science
    Journal of the National Cancer Institute
  • 2012
This commentary calls for the involvement of the cancer research community in response to the further action detailed in the United Nations Political Declaration emanating from the meeting, identifies a number of cancer-specific priorities, including vaccination against hepatitis B virus and human papillomavirus, cervical cancer screening, and early detection of breast cancer, and suggests areas where cancer research can provide the evidence base for cancer control.
Closing the Cancer Divide: An Equity Imperative
Closing the Cancer Divide: An Equity Imperative seeks to promote cancer awareness in all sectors of society by improving basic medical care, developing multi-sector national policy, and synthesizing international organizations with different cancers.