Global biodiversity scenarios for the year 2100.

  title={Global biodiversity scenarios for the year 2100.},
  author={Osvaldo E. Sala and F. Stuart Chapin and Juan J. Armesto and Eric L Berlow and Janine Bloomfield and Rodolfo Dirzo and E Huber-Sanwald and Laura Foster Huenneke and Robert B. Jackson and Ann Kinzig and Rik Leemans and David M. Lodge and Harold Mooney and Mart{\'i}n Oesterheld and N. LeRoy Poff and Martin T. Sykes and Brian Walker and Mark Walker and Diana H. Wall},
  volume={287 5459},
Scenarios of changes in biodiversity for the year 2100 can now be developed based on scenarios of changes in atmospheric carbon dioxide, climate, vegetation, and land use and the known sensitivity of biodiversity to these changes. This study identified a ranking of the importance of drivers of change, a ranking of the biomes with respect to expected changes, and the major sources of uncertainties. For terrestrial ecosystems, land-use change probably will have the largest effect, followed by… 
Potential Biodiversity Change: Global Patterns and Biome Comparisons
The purpose of the exercise reported in this book was to develop biodiversity scenarios for the year 2100. The scenarios focused on 10 terrestrial biomes and freshwater ecosystems, and were based on
Potential responses of terrestrial biodiversity in Southern Africa to anthropogenic climate change
Key studies supported by species-level data collection have provided early indications of the potential implications of unmitigated change for the ecosystems and biodiversity of southern Africa.
Projecting global marine biodiversity impacts under climate change scenarios
Climate change can impact the pattern of marine biodiversity through changes in species’ distributions. However, global studies on climate change impacts on ocean biodiversity have not been performed
Impact of climate change on biodiversity and associated key ecosystem services in Africa: a systematic review
ABSTRACT Introduction: Biodiversity and biodiversity-based ecosystems services are intrinsically dependent on the climate. During the twentieth century, climate change has posed major threats to
Biodiversity scenarios neglect future land‐use changes
It is argued that the current state of integration between ecological and land system sciences is leading to biased estimation of actual risks and therefore constrains the implementation of forward-looking policy responses to biodiversity decline and suggests research directions at the crossroads between ecology and environmental sciences to face the challenge of developing interoperable and plausible projections of future environmental changes.
Impacts of climate change on the future of biodiversity.
Overall, this review shows that current estimates of future biodiversity are very variable, depending on the method, taxonomic group, biodiversity loss metrics, spatial scales and time periods considered.
Interactive effects of anthropogenic nitrogen enrichment and climate change on terrestrial and aquatic biodiversity
Biodiversity has been described as the diversity of life on earth within species, among species, and among ecosystems. The rate of biodiversity loss due to human activity in the last 50 years has


Beyond Global Warming: Ecology and Global Change
While ecologists involved in management or policy often are advised to learn to deal with uncertainty, there are a number of components of global environmental change of which we are certain–certain
I n the past 30 years, a combination of human activity and natural events has resulted in both dramatic and subtle changes to forests, wetlands, lakes, and streams in the boreal regions of North
Biotic Control over the Functioning of Ecosystems
Changes in the abundance of species — especially those that influence water and nutrient dynamics, trophic interactions, or disturbance regime — affect the structure and functioning of ecosystems.
  • S. Goldhor
  • Environmental Science
    The Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine
  • 1964
The availability of carbon (C), nitrogen (N) and sulfur (S) for the vegetation has increased in many ecosystems on earth since beginning of the industrial revolution. The change in availability of
Stream biodiversity: the ghost of land use past.
Findings indicate that past land-use activity, particularly agriculture, may result in long-term modifications to and reductions in aquatic diversity, regardless of reforestation of riparian zones.
Climate change 1995: the science of climate change.
This extensive report entitled “Climate Change 1995: The Science of Climate Change” is the most comprehensive and up-to-date assessment available for scientific understanding of human influences on
Predicting impact of freshwater exotic species on native biodiversity: Challenges in spatial scaling
This work addresses the issue of management of freshwater exotic species on lakes or drainages that are both vulnerable to colonization by an exotic, and that harbour endemic species, with different spatial scales of experiments testing the impact of two predators on native snail assemblages.
More studies are required to be able to accurately assess the effects of carbon dioxide, because the authors have relatively poor records of the functional and structural response of any ecosystem through time.
BIOME3: An equilibrium terrestrial biosphere model based on ecophysiological constraints, resource availability, and competition among plant functional types
The equilibrium terrestrial biosphere model BIOME3 simulates vegetation distribution and biogeochemistry, and couples vegetation distribution directly to biogeochemistry. Model inputs consist of
Identifying Extinction Threats: Global Analyses of the Distribution of Biodiversity and the Expansion of the Human Enterprise
This loss of biodiversity, at the very time when the value of biotic resources is becoming widely recognized, has made it strikingly clear that current strategies for conservation are failing dismally.