Global IR Meets Global History: Sovereignty, Modernity, and the International System’s Expansion in the Indian Ocean Region

  title={Global IR Meets Global History: Sovereignty, Modernity, and the International System’s Expansion in the Indian Ocean Region},
  author={Andrew N. Phillips},
  journal={International Studies Review},
International relations (IR) scholars commonly accept the sovereign state’s ubiquity today as the endpoint of a centuries-long process of modernization, spearheaded by European imperialism. Through this schema, European military superiority enabled Westerners to first impose themselves on non-European societies in the early modern period. The later spread of Western conceptions of national self-determination then compelled global convergence toward the sovereign state form after 1945… 
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