Global Epidemiology of Hepatitis B Virus

@article{Custer2004GlobalEO,
  title={Global Epidemiology of Hepatitis B Virus},
  author={Brian Custer and Sean D. Sullivan and Thomas K. Hazlet and Uchenna H. Iloeje and David L. Veenstra and Kris V. Kowdley},
  journal={Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology},
  year={2004},
  volume={38},
  pages={S158-S168}
}
The burden of hepatitis B virus (HBV) disease and efforts to control infection will determine the future size of the population requiring treatment of HBV infection. To quantify the current prevalence of HBV infection and to reexamine the epidemiology of HBV infection, a structured review was conducted that focused on available primary literature for over 30 countries worldwide. The prevalence of chronic HBV infection continues to be highly variable, ranging over 10% in some Asian and Western… 
Global Epidemiology of Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) Infection
TLDR
The implementation of effective vaccination programs has resulted in a significant decrease in the incidence of chronic hepatitis B infection, Nevertheless, hepatitis B remains an important cause of morbidity and mortality among the chronic carriers worldwide.
Hepatitis B virus infection: epidemiology and vaccination.
TLDR
Making progress towards the elimination of HBV transmission will require sustainable vaccination programs with improved vaccination coverage, practical methods of measuring the impact of vaccination programs, and targeted vaccination efforts for communities at high risk of infection.
Hepatitis B virus burden in developing countries.
TLDR
The studies on molecular epidemiology performed in some countries provide an important contribution for a more comprehensive knowledge of HBV epidemiology, and phylogenetic studies provide information on the impact of recent and older migratory flows.
Guidelines for the Detection of a Common Source of Hepatitis B Virus Infections
TLDR
Findings indicate that several routes of transmission (i.e. multidose vials, dental equipment, dialysis units, finger-stick sampling, HBV-infected surgeons, and transplanted organs) exist despite efforts to educate health care workers about the risks of HBV transmission; however, these problems maybe missed or go unreported, because of weak monitoring and poor laboratory and surveillance facilities at follow-up.
Epidemiology of Hepatitis B Virus Infection in The Netherlands and Beyond
TLDR
The HBV vaccination programme for behavioural high-risk groups has effectively reduced the incidence of HBV infection in the Netherlands, mainly by preventing infections among MSM andEffectiveness of such a programme on a national level was never demonstrated before.
Implementation and Impact of HAV and HBV Vaccination Programs in South America
TLDR
The universal vaccination program against hepatitis A in infants in some countries such as in Argentina, has brought significant reduction in cases of acute liver failure and liver transplantation and it is necessary to insure that the existent programs are sustained over time.
Epidemiology of Hepatitis B Virus Infection in South-South, Nigeria: A Review
TLDR
In addition to active vaccination, the implementation of blood safety strategies including quality-assured screening of all donated blood and components used for transfusion may prevent transmission of HBV to a significant level.
Factors Associated with Persistence of Hepatitis B Virus Infection
TLDR
Evidence is given that genetic factors (CCR5 receptor mutation) play an important role in Hepatitis B virus persistence together with environmental/behavioral factors, such as the alcohol use, that are independent predictors of HBs positivity.
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