Global Consequences of Land Use

  title={Global Consequences of Land Use},
  author={Jonathan A. Foley and Ruth S. DeFries and Gregory P. Asner and Carol Barford and Gordon B. Bonan and Stephen R. Carpenter and F. Stuart Chapin and Michael T. Coe and Gretchen C. Daily and Holly K. Gibbs and Joseph H. Helkowski and Tracey Holloway and Erica A. Howard and Christopher J. Kucharik and Chad Monfreda and Jonathan A. Patz and Iain Colin Prentice and Navin Ramankutty and Peter K. Snyder},
  pages={570 - 574}
Land use has generally been considered a local environmental issue, but it is becoming a force of global importance. Worldwide changes to forests, farmlands, waterways, and air are being driven by the need to provide food, fiber, water, and shelter to more than six billion people. Global croplands, pastures, plantations, and urban areas have expanded in recent decades, accompanied by large increases in energy, water, and fertilizer consumption, along with considerable losses of biodiversity… 

Introductory Chapter: Land Use Change Ecosystem Services and Tropical Forests

Large regions of different ecosystems around the world (forests, grasslands, wetlands, farmlands, water bodies) are being managed for different uses, usually implicating the substitution of one

Biodiversity Loss: Threats and Conservation Strategies

The global population is expanding day by day, the increase in food demand by the growing population poses serious environmental challenges. To satisfy the increasing food supply, a shift in

Ecosystem Services in Agricultural Landscapes

There is a tenuous relationship between the world’s rural poor, their agriculture, and their surrounding environment. People reliant on farming for their livelihood can no longer focus on current

Agricultural trade and its impacts on cropland use and the global loss of species habitat

Agricultural expansion and intensification are threatening biodiversity worldwide, and future expansion of agricultural land will exacerbate this trend. One of the main drivers of this expansion is

Land use change in Asia and the ecological consequences

Viewed within a historical context, Asia has experienced dramatic land transformations, and currently more than 50% of Asian land area is under agriculture. The consequences of this transformation

Agriculture and resource availability in a changing world: The role of irrigation

Fertile land and freshwater constitute two of the most fundamental resources for food production. These resources are affected by environmental, political, economic, and technical developments.

The slumbering giant: land and water degradation

Who feeds the world? Two billion small-scale farmers who in addition to feeding themselves also produce surpluses for local markets — these are the food producers for a global population. Domestic



Forecasting Agriculturally Driven Global Environmental Change

Should past dependences of the global environmental impacts of agriculture on human population and consumption continue, 109 hectares of natural ecosystems would be converted to agriculture by 2050, accompanied by 2.4- to 2.7-fold increases in nitrogen- and phosphorus-driven eutrophication of terrestrial, freshwater, and near-shore marine ecosystems.

Agroecosystems, Nitrogen-use Efficiency, and Nitrogen Management

The magnitude of the scientific challenge should not be underestimated because it becomes increasingly difficult to control the fate of N in cropping systems that must sustain yield increases on the world's limited supply of productive farm land.

Human Impact on Erodable Phosphorus and Eutrophication: A Global Perspective

An agricultural mass balance (budget) was calculated, which indicated that a large portion of this P accumulation occurs in agricultural soils, and showed that the rate of P accumulation is decreasing in developed nations but increasing in developing nations.

Agricultural intensification and ecosystem properties.

The use of ecologically based management strategies can increase the sustainability of agricultural production while reducing off-site consequences and have serious local, regional, and global environmental consequences.

Global water resources: vulnerability from climate change and population growth.

Numerical experiments combining climate model outputs, water budgets, and socioeconomic information along digitized river networks demonstrate that (i) a large proportion of the world's population is currently experiencing water stress and (ii) rising water demands greatly outweigh greenhouse warming in defining the state of global water systems to 2025.

Unhealthy Landscapes: Policy Recommendations on Land Use Change and Infectious Disease Emergence

The group established a systems model approach and priority lists of infectious diseases affected by ecologic degradation, and recommended creating Centers of Excellence in Ecology and Health Research and Training, based at regional universities and/or research institutes with close links to the surrounding communities.


The figures reflect the current patterns of exploitation distribution and consumption of a much larger population; there must be limits to growth.

Nitrogen fertilizer: retrospect and prospect.

  • C. FrinkP. WaggonerJ. Ausubel
  • Environmental Science, Medicine
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 1999
After examining the changing ratio of fertilizer N application to its intended incorporation in crop yield, prospects for more or less N fertilizer by 2070 are discussed, when the earth’s farmers may be feeding 10 billion people and sparing more or more habitat for nature.

Large-scale impoverishment of Amazonian forests by logging and fire

Amazonian deforestation rates are used to determine human effects on the global carbon cycle and to measure Brazil's progress in curbing forest impoverishment,,. But this widely used measure of