• Corpus ID: 155750020

Global Catastrophes: The Most Extreme Risks

@article{Baum2017GlobalCT,
  title={Global Catastrophes: The Most Extreme Risks},
  author={Seth D. Baum and Anthony Michael Barrett},
  journal={Earth-Surface Processes eJournal},
  year={2017}
}
  • S. Baum, A. Barrett
  • Published 2 October 2017
  • Political Science
  • Earth-Surface Processes eJournal
The most extreme risk are those that threaten the entirety of human civilization, known as global catastrophic risks. The very extreme nature of global catastrophes makes them both challenging to analyze and important to address. They are challenging to analyze because they are largely unprecedented and because they involve the entire global human system. They are important to address because they threaten everyone around the world and future generations. Global catastrophic risks also pose… 

Defence in Depth Against Human Extinction: Prevention, Response, Resilience, and Why They All Matter

TLDR
It is found that it’s usually best to invest significantly into strengthening all three defence layers, and the importance of underlying risk factors – events or structural conditions that may weaken the defence layers even without posing a risk of immediate extinction themselves are discussed.

Person as an Ontological Reason of Instability in the Global World Development

The article considers person existence as a main cause of the global problems in the modern civilization development. In this context the person is interpreted as a kind of worldview construction.

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 50 REFERENCES

Global Catastrophic Risks

Acknowledgements Foreword Introduction I BACKGROUND Long-term astrophysical processes Evolution theory and the future of humanity Millenial tendencies in responses to apocalyptic threats Cognitive

Existential risks: analyzing human extinction scenarios and related hazards

TLDR
This paper analyzes a recently emerging category: that of existential risks, threats that could case the authors' extinction or destroy the potential of Earth - originating intelligent life.

Adaptation to and Recovery from Global Catastrophe

Global catastrophes, such as nuclear war, pandemics and ecological collapse threaten the sustainability of human civilization. To date, most work on global catastrophes has focused on preventing the

Catastrophe, Social Collapse, and Human Extinction

Humans have slowly built more productive societies by slowly acquiring various kinds of capital, and by carefully matching them to each other. Because disruptions can disturb this careful matching,

Integrating Risk and Resilience Approaches to Catastrophe Management in Engineering Systems

TLDR
Management of the 2011 flooding in the Mississippi River Basin is discussed as an example of the successes and challenges of resilience-based management of complex natural systems that have been extensively altered by engineered structures.

Probing the improbable: methodological challenges for risks with low probabilities and high stakes

TLDR
It is argued that there are important new methodological problems which arise when assessing global catastrophic risks and they are focused on a problem regarding probability estimation, which differs from the related distinction between model and parameter uncertainty.

Double catastrophe: intermittent stratospheric geoengineering induced by societal collapse

Perceived failure to reduce greenhouse gas emissions has prompted interest in avoiding the harms of climate change via geoengineering, that is, the intentional manipulation of Earth system processes.

Climate and security: evidence, emerging risks, and a new agenda

There are diverse linkages between climate change and security including risks of conflict, national security concerns, critical national infrastructure, geo-political rivalries and threats to human

A Question of Balance: Weighing the Options on Global Warming Policies

As scientific and observational evidence on global warming piles up every day, questions of economic policy in this central environmental topic have taken centre stage. But as author and prominent

Analyzing and Reducing the Risks of Inadvertent Nuclear War between the United States and Russia

This paper develops a mathematical modeling framework using fault trees and Poisson processes for analyzing the risks of inadvertent nuclear war from U.S. or Russian misinterpretation of false alarms