Global Biodiversity Conservation Priorities

  title={Global Biodiversity Conservation Priorities},
  author={Thomas M. Brooks and Russell A. Mittermeier and Gustavo A B da Fonseca and Justin Gerlach and Michael Hoffmann and John F. Lamoreux and Cristina Goettsch Mittermeier and John D. Pilgrim and Ana S. L. Rodrigues},
  pages={58 - 61}
The location of and threats to biodiversity are distributed unevenly, so prioritization is essential to minimize biodiversity loss. To address this need, biodiversity conservation organizations have proposed nine templates of global priorities over the past decade. Here, we review the concepts, methods, results, impacts, and challenges of these prioritizations of conservation practice within the theoretical irreplaceability/vulnerability framework of systematic conservation planning. Most of… 
Conservation planning and the IUCN Red List
The increasing reliability and comprehensiveness of the IUCN Red List suggests that its role as a source of biodiversity data is certain to expand dramatically, and this work aims to identify comprehensive protected area networks that together will minimize biodiversity loss.
How Economically Valuable are Vulnerable Ecosystems
Global conservation priorities (Brooks et al. 2006) focus predominantly on the vulnerability and irreplaceability of biodiversity within ecosystems. The emphasis is on reducing the rate of
Species-based and community-level approaches to conservation prioritization
Abstract One major reason for the global decline of biodiversity is habitat loss and fragmentation. Conservation areas can be designed to reduce biodiversity loss, but as resources are limited,
Strategies of Reserve Selection
Existing protected areas contain only a biased sample of the Earth's biodiversity. This is because conservation has to compete with other land-uses. Limitations in space and budget highlight the
A flexible tool to prioritize areas for conservation combining landscape units, measures of biodiversity, and threats
Expanding the reserve system is a key strategy to enhance biodiversity protection. Yet, conservation outcomes can be undermined by underrepresentation of some habitats and opportunistic placement of
The Implications of Global Priorities for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services Associated with Protected Areas
Map-based prioritization systems have become ubiquitous tools for allocating resources for biological conservation. Although the scientific basis for these systems continues to be debated, they have
Conservation geography.
Concordance of freshwater and terrestrial biodiversity
Efforts to set global conservation priorities have largely ignored freshwater diversity, thereby excluding some of the world's most speciose, threatened, and valuable taxa. Using a new global map of
Conserving Biodiversity Efficiently: What to Do, Where, and When
It is discovered that one could protect many more plant and vertebrate species by investing in a sequence of conservation actions targeted towards specific threats, than by relying solely on acquiring land for protected areas.
Global Biodiversity Conservation: The Critical Role of Hotspots
Global changes, from habitat loss and invasive species to anthropogenic climate change, have initiated the sixth great mass extinction event in Earth’s history. As species become threatened and


Key Biodiversity Areas as Site Conservation Targets
The criteria address the two key issues for setting site conservation priorities: vulnerability and irreplaceability and propose quantitative thresholds for the identification of KBAs meeting each criterion, based on a review of existing approaches and ecological theory to date.
Biodiversity hotspots for conservation priorities
A ‘silver bullet’ strategy on the part of conservation planners, focusing on ‘biodiversity hotspots’ where exceptional concentrations of endemic species are undergoing exceptional loss of habitat, is proposed.
Measuring and Incorporating Vulnerability into Conservation Planning
A conceptual framework of the role of vulnerability assessments in conservation planning is developed and a definition of vulnerability is proposed that incorporates three dimensions: exposure, intensity, and impact.
Wilderness and biodiversity conservation
This article finds that 24 wilderness areas, all > 1 million hectares, are > 70% intact and have human densities of less than or equal to five people per km2, and that global conservation strategy must target these five wildernesses while continuing to prioritize threatened biodiversity hotspots.
Biodiversity: Where's Hot and Where's Not
The continuing rapid loss of biological diversity is leading conservationists to sharpen their priorities and to target the limited funds available so as to ensure the survival of as many different
Prioritizing global conservation efforts
This work formulate how to allocate optimally conservation resources between regions identified as priorities for conservation—the ‘conservation resource allocation problem’ and identifies two easy-to-use and easy- to-interpret heuristics that closely approximate the optimal solution.
Mapping More of Terrestrial Biodiversity for Global Conservation Assessment
A new approach to describing and mapping the global distribution of terrestrial biodiversity that focuses on estimating spatial pattern in emergent properties of biodiversity (richness and compositional turnover) rather than distributions of individual species, making it well suited to lesser-known, yet highly diverse, biological groups.
The Global 200: Priority ecoregions for global conservation
A global strategy to conserve biodiversity must aim to protect representative examples of all of the world's ecosystems, as well as those areas that contain exceptional concentrations of species and endemics, to conserve the most outstanding and representative habitats for biodiversity.
Global Gap Analysis: Priority Regions for Expanding the Global Protected-Area Network
Abstract Protected areas are the single most important conservation tool. The global protected-area network has grown substantially in recent decades, now occupying 11.5% of Earth's land surface, but
Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning: Current Knowledge and Future Challenges
Larger numbers of species are probably needed to reduce temporal variability in ecosystem processes in changing environments and to determine how biodiversity dynamics, ecosystem processes, and abiotic factors interact.