Global Assessment of Organic Contaminants in Farmed Salmon

  title={Global Assessment of Organic Contaminants in Farmed Salmon},
  author={Ronald A. Hites and Jeffery A. Foran and David O. Carpenter and M. Coreen Hamilton and Barbara Knuth and Steven J. Schwager},
  pages={226 - 229}
The annual global production of farmed salmon has increased by a factor of 40 during the past two decades. Salmon from farms in northern Europe, North America, and Chile are now available widely year-round at relatively low prices. Salmon farms have been criticized for their ecological effects, but the potential human health risks of farmed salmon consumption have not been examined rigorously. Having analyzed over 2 metric tons of farmed and wild salmon from around the world for organochlorine… 

Risk and benefits from consuming salmon and trout: a Canadian perspective.

Safely meeting global salmon demand

Increased inspections by the FDA and the U.S. Department of Agriculture Food Safety Inspection Service have resulted in record numbers of seafood rejections, clearly demonstrating the persistence of banned chemicals in aquaculture, both foreign and domestic.

Contaminant levels in Norwegian farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) in the 13-year period from 1999 to 2011.


The goal of this research was to shed light on the trade-offs that salmon consumers make between five types of production and health attributes of farmed salmon. In Canada, the major southern Ontario

The health benefits of farmed salmon: fish oil decontamination processing removes persistent organic pollutants.

  • S. Lall
  • Environmental Science
    The British journal of nutrition
  • 2010
The beneficial health effects of inclusion of n-3 PUFA from fish and fish oils in the human diet have been extensively investigated and the need to reduce the contaminants in fish feeds has been emphasised.

Consumption advisories for salmon based on risk of cancer and noncancer health effects.

Mercury and other trace elements in farmed and wild salmon from British Columbia, Canada.

The findings indicate farmed and wild British Columbia salmon remain a safe source of omega-3 highly unsaturated fatty acid intake for cardioprotective and, possibly, other health benefits.

Quantitative analysis of the benefits and risks of consuming farmed and wild salmon.

Risk of exposure to contaminants in farmed and wild salmon is partially offset by the fatty acid-associated health benefits, and young children, women of child-bearing age, pregnant women, and nursing mothers not at significant risk for sudden cardiac death associated with CHD but concerned with health impairments, can minimize contaminant exposure by choosing the least contaminated wild salmon or by selecting other sources of (n-3) fatty acids.

Mercury and other trace elements in farmed and wild salmon from british Columbia, Canada

The findings indicate farmed and wild British Columbia salmon remain a safe source of omega-3 highly unsaturated fatty acid intake for cardioprotective and, possibly, other health benefits.



Investigation of selected persistent organic pollutants in farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar), salmon aquaculture feed, and fish oil components of the feed.

The study confirms previous reports of relatively high concentrations of PCBs and indicates moderate concentrations of organochlorine pesticides and PBDEs in farmed Scottish and European salmon.

Effect of aquaculture on world fish supplies

If the growing aquaculture industry is to sustain its contribution to world fish supplies, it must reduce wild fish inputs in feed and adopt more ecologically sound management practices.

Organochlorine chemicals in seafood: occurrence and health concerns.

  • A. SmithS. Gangolli
  • Environmental Science
    Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association
  • 2002

Role of chemical and ecological factors in trophic transfer of organic chemicals in aquatic food webs

Trophic transfer of chlorinated organic contaminants was investigated in an aquatic community composed of zooplankton, benthic invertebrates, and fish. Biomagnification, measured as the increase in

Aldrin and dieldrin: a review of research on their production, environmental deposition and fate, bioaccumulation, toxicology, and epidemiology in the United States.

This review is a detailed examination of 2 of the 12 POPs, aldrin and dieldrin, and how scientific groups identify and measure their effects, and draws on research findings from a variety of environmental monitoring networks in the United States.

Polychlorinated biphenyls and human health.

  • D. Carpenter
  • Biology
    International journal of occupational medicine and environmental health
  • 1998
A summary of known or suspected health effects of various PCB congeners, documented on the basis of both human and animal studies suggest that the potential human health hazards from PCB exposure have been underappreciated.

An equilibrium model of organic chemical accumulation in aquatic food webs with sediment interaction

A five-compartment steady-state food-web model is constructed that includes a benthic invertebrate compartment Four exposure routes are considered in the description of accumulation by benthic