Global, regional, national, and selected subnational levels of stillbirths, neonatal, infant, and under-5 mortality, 1980–2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015

@article{Wang2016GlobalRN,
  title={Global, regional, national, and selected subnational levels of stillbirths, neonatal, infant, and under-5 mortality, 1980–2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015},
  author={Haidong Wang and Zulfiqar A Bhutta and Matthew M Coates and Megan S Coggeshall and Lalit Dandona and Khassoum Diallo and Elisabeth França and Maya S. Fraser and Nancy Fullman and Peter W. Gething and Simon I. Hay and Yohannes Kinfu and Maaya Kita and Xie Rachel Kulikoff and Heidi J. Larson and Jianning Liang and Xiaofeng Liang and Stephen Wee Hun Lim and Margaret Lind and Alan D Lopez and Rafael Lozano and Guy Apollinaire Mensah and Joseph Mikesell and Ali H. Mokdad and Meghan D. Mooney and M. Correction Naghavi and Grant Nguyen and Ivo Rakovac and Joshua A Salomon and Naris Silpakit and Amber Sligar and Reed J. D. Sorensen and T. G. Vos and Jun Zhu and Amanuel Alemu Abajobir and Kalkidan Hassen Abate and Kaja Abbas and Foad Abd-Allah and Abdishakur S. M. Abdulle and Semaw Ferede Abera and Victor Aboyans and Biju Abraham and Ibrahim Abubakar and Laith J. Abu-Raddad and Niveen M. E. Abu-Rmeileh and Gebre Yitayih Abyu and Tom Nyandega Achoki and Akindele Olupelumi Adebiyi and Isaac Akinkunmi Adedeji and Ademola Lukman Adelekan and Ars{\`e}ne Kouablan Adou and Arnav Agarwal and Oluremi N. Ajala and Tomi F Akinyemiju and Nadia Akseer and K. M. Arafat Alam and Noore K M Alam and Deena Alasfoor and Robert W Aldridge and Miguel Angel Alegretti and Zewdie Aderaw Alemu and Raghib Ali and Ala'a Alkerwi and François Alla and Rajaa Mohammas Al-Raddadi and Ubai Alsharif and Khalid A. Altirkawi and Elena Alvarez Martin and Nelson Alvis-Guzm{\'a}n and Azmeraw T Amare and Alemayehu Amberbir and Adeladza Kofi Amegah and Emmanuel Adoyi Ameh and Walid Ammar and Stephen Marc Amrock and Hjalte Holm Andersen and Gregory M. Anderson and Carl Abelardo T. Antonio and Johan {\"A}rnl{\"o}v and Al Artaman and Hamid Asayesh and Rana Jawad Asghar and Reza Assadi and Suleman Atique and Euripide Avokpaho and Ashish Awasthi and Beatriz Paulina Ayala Quintanilla and Umar Bacha and Alaa Badawi and Kalpana Balakrishnan and Amitava Banerjee and Bolanle Banigbe and Aleksandra Bara{\'c} and Ryan M Barber and Suzanne L Barker-Collo and Till W B{\"a}rnighausen and Lope H. Barrero and Tigist Assefa Bayou and Yibeltal Tebekaw Bayou and Shahrzad Bazargan-Hejazi and Justin Beardsley and Neeraj Bedi and Tolesa Bekele and Michelle L. Bell and Aminu Bello and Derrick A Bennett and Isabela Martins Bense{\~n}or and Adugnaw Berhane and Eduardo Bernab{\'e} and Balem Demtsu Betsu and Addisu Shunu Beyene and Samir Bhatt and Sibhatu Biadgilign and Boris Bikbov and Sait Mentes Birlik and Donal Bisanzio and Espen Bjertness and Jed Daniel. Blore and Rupert R A Bourne and Michael Brainin and Alexandra Bra{\vz}inov{\'a} and Nicholas J K Breitborde and Alexandria Elizabeth Brown and Geoffrey Buckle and M. Burch and Zahid Ahmad Butt and Ismael Ricardo Campos-Nonato and Julio C{\'e}sar Campuzano and Rosario C{\'a}rdenas and David O Carpenter and Abdul Rashid Qureshi and Austin Carter and Daniel J. Casey and Carlos Andr{\'e}s Casta{\~n}eda-Orjuela and Jacqueline Castillo Rivas and Rub{\'e}n Estanislao Castro and Ferr{\'a}n Catal{\'a}-L{\'o}pez and Kelly Cercy and H Y Chang and Jung-Chen Chang and Chioma Ezinne Chibueze and Vesper Hichilombwe Chisumpa and Jee-Young Jasmine Choi and Rajiv Gon Chowdhury and Devasahayam J Christopher and Liliana G. Ciobanu and Samantha M. Colquhoun and Cyrus Cooper and Leslie Cornaby and Solomon Abrha Damtew and Hadi Ahmed Danawi and Rakhi Dandona and Jos{\'e} Manuel das Neves and Adrian C Davis and Pieter de Jager and Diego de Leo and Louisa Degenhardt and Kebede Deribe and Amare Deribew and Don Des Jarlais and G A DeVeber and Samath Dhamminda Dharmaratne and Preet Kaur Dhillon and Eric L Ding and Pratik Doshi and Kerrie Esme Doyle and Leilei Duan and Manisha Dubey and Hedyeh Ebrahimi and Christian Lycke Ellingsen and Iqbal Elyazar and Aman Yesuf Yesuf Endries and Sergey Petrovich Ermakov and Babak Eshrati and Alireza Esteghamati and Emerito Jose Aquino Faraon and Talha Farid and Carla Farinha and Alessandra Faro and Maryam Sadat Farvid and Farshad Farzadfar and Seyed-Mohammad Fereshtehnejad and Joao Fernandes and Florian Fischer and Joseph Robert Anderson Fitchett and Nataliya A. Foigt and Richard C Franklin and Joseph Friedman and Thomas F{\"u}rst and Ketevan Gambashidze and Amiran Gamkrelidze and Parthasarathi Ganguly and Teshome Gebre and Tsegaye Tewelde Gebrehiwot and Amanuel Tesfay Gebremedhin and Alemseged Aregay Gebru and Johanna M Geleijnse and Bradford D. Gessner and Ibrahim Abdelmageem Mohamed Ginawi and Ababi Zergaw Giref and Melkamu Dedefo Gishu and H{\'e}ctor G{\'o}mez-Dant{\'e}s and Philimon Gona and Amador Goodridge and Sameer Vali Gopalani and Atsushi Goto and H. Nagana Gouda and Harish Chander C Gugnani and Yuming Guo and Rahul Gupta and Rajeev Gupta and V. P. Gupta and Bishal Gyawali and Juanita Haagsma and Nima Hafezi-Nejad and Demewoz Haile and Alemayehu Hailu and Gessessew Bugssa Hailu and Randah Ribhi Hamadeh and Samer Hamidi and Jamie R Hancock and Alexis J. Handal and Graeme J. Hankey and Hilda L. Harb and Sivadasanpillai Harikrishnan and Kimani M Harun and Rasmus Havmoeller and R J Hay and Ileana B Heredia-Pi and Hans W Hoek and Masako Horino and Nobuyuki Horita and Howard Dean Hosgood and Peter Jay Hotez and H. D. Hosgood and Mohamed Hsairi and Guoqing Hu and Cheng Huang and John Baptist Min-cheng Huang and Hsiang Huang and Laetitia Huiart and Chantal K Huynh and Kim Moesgaard Iburg and Bulat Idrisov and Kaire Innos and Kathryn H Jacobsen and Nader Jahanmehr and Mehdi Javanbakht and Achala Upendra Jayatilleke and Sun Ha Jee and Panniyammakal Jeemon and Vivekanand Jha and Guohong Jiang and Ying Jiang and Tariku Jibat Jibat and Ye Jin and Jost Bruno Jonas and Zarina Nahar Kabir and Yogeshwar V. Kalkonde and Zubair Kabir and Haidong Kan and Gagandeep Kang and Andr{\'e} Karch and Corine Karema and Amir Kasaeian and Anil Kaul and Norito Kawakami and Jeanne Françoise Kayibanda and Konstantin Kazanjan and Peter Njenga Keiyoro and Andrew Haddon Kemp and Andre Pascal Kengne and Karen Sliwa and Manana Kereselidze and Chandrasekharan Nair Kesavachandran and Yousef S. Khader and Ibrahim Abdel-Messih Khalil and Abdur Rahman Khan and Ejaz Ahmad Khan and Young Ho Khang and Irma Khonelidze and Jagdish Khubchandani and Cho-il Kim and Daniel Kim and Yonwook Justin Kim and Niranjan Kissoon and Miia Kivipelto and Luke D. Knibbs and Yoshihiro Kokubo and Parvaiz A Koul and Ai Koyanagi and Barth{\'e}l{\'e}my Kuate Defo and Burcu Kucuk Bicer and Andreas Adutwum Kudom and Gurrala Anil Kumar and Michael Kutz and Hmwe H Kyu and Dharmesh Kumar Lal and Ratilal Lalloo and Hilton Yu Lam and Jennifer O Lam and Van Charles Lansingh and Anders Larsson and James Leigh and Ricky Leung and Yichong Li and Yongmei Li and M Patrice Lindsay and Patrick Yantyng Liu and Shiwei Liu and Belinda K. Lloyd and Warren Lo and Giancarlo Logroscino and Nicola Low and Raimundas Lunevi{\vc}ius and Ronan A. Lyons and Stefan Ma and Hassan Magdy Abd El Razek and Mohammed Magdy Abd El Razek and Mahdi Mahdavi and Marek Majdan and Azeem Majeed and Reza Malekzadeh and Chabila Christopher Mapoma and Wagner Segura Marcenes and J. Mart{\'i}nez-raga and Melvin Barrientos Marzan and Felix Masiye and J J Mcgrath and Wagner Marcenes and Alem Mehari and Man Mohan Mehndiratta and Alemayehu B. Mekonnen and Yohannes Adama Melaku and Peter Memiah and Ziad A Memish and Walter {\"A}lvarez Mendoza and Atte Meretoja and Tuomo J. Meretoja and Francis Mhimbira and Ted R Miller and Edward Mills and Mojde Mirarefin and Awoke Misganaw and Charles Mock and Karzan Abdulmuhsin Mohammad and Shafiu Mohammed and Glen Liddell D Mola and Julio Cesar Monta{\~n}ez Hernandez and Marcella Montico and Ami R. Moore and Maziar Moradi-Lakeh and Lidia Morawska and Rintaro Mori and Ulrich Otto Mueller and Georgina Murphy and Srinivas Murthy and Jean Bisimwa Nachega and Aliya Naheed and Kovin Naidoo and Luigi Naldi and Devina Nand and Vinay Nangia and Subas Neupane and Charles R. Newton and John Norman Newton and Marie Cicelie C. Ng and Frida Namnyak Ngalesoni and Quyen L. Nguyen and Muhammad Imran Nisar and Patrick Martial Nkamedjie Pete and Ole Frithjof Norheim and Rosana E Norman and Felix Akpojene Ogbo and Foluke Adetola Ojelabi and Pedro Rubio Olivares and Bolajoko O Olusanya and Jacob Olusegun Olusanya and John Nelson Opio and Eyal Oren and Padukudru Anand Mahesh and Eun-Kee Park and Hye-Youn Park and Mahboubeh Parsaeian and {\'A}ngel Paternina Caicedo and Scott B Patten and Jo{\~a}o M Pedro and David Montero Pereira and Monica Cortinovis and Konrad Pesudovs and Max Petzold and Michael Robert Phillips and Julian David Pillay and Farhad Pishgar and Daniel Pope and Svetlana Popova and Farshad Pourmalek and Mostafa Qorbani and Rynaz H S Rabiee and Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar and M. Ashiq-Ur Rahman and Mohammad Hifz Ur Rahman and Sajjad ur Rahman and Rajesh Kumar Rai and Murugesan Raju and Usha Ram and Saleem M. Rana and Chhabi Lal Ranabhat and Thara Rangaswamy and Amany Refaat and Giuseppe Remuzzi and Serge Resnikoff and Alex Reynolds and David Rojas-Rueda and Luca Ronfani and Gholamreza Roshandel and Gregory A. Roth and Ambuj Roy and George Mugambage Ruhago and R. Ganga Sagar and Muhammad Sidik Muhammad Saleh and Muhammad Muhammad Saleh and Maria Dolores Sanchez-Ni{\~n}o and Itamar de Souza Santos and Jo{\~a}o Vasco Santos and Benn Sartorius and Maheswar Satpathy and Miloje Savic and Monika Sawhney and Ione Jayce Ceola Schneider and Ben Sch{\"o}ttker and David C. Schwebel and Soraya Seedat and Sadaf G Sepanlou and Edson Serv{\'a}n-Mori and Tesfaye Setegn and Saeid Shahraz and Masood A Ali Shaikh and Marina Shakh-Nazarova and Masood Ali Shaikh and Jun She and Sara Sheikhbahaei and Jiabin Shen and Kevin N Sheth and Hwashin Hyun Shin and Rajesh Sharma and Rahman Shiri and Ivy Shuie and Inga D{\'o}ra Sigf{\'u}sd{\'o}ttir and Diego Augusto Santos Silva and Jonathan I Silverberg and James D. Wilkinson and Shireen Sindi and Abhishek Kumar Singh and J. John Arul Singh and Om Prakash Singh and Prashant Kumar Singh and Prashant K. Singh and J. B. Escribano Soriano and Sergey Soshnikov and Luciano A Sposato and Chandrashekhar T. Sreeramareddy and Vasiliki A. Stathopoulou and Nicholas Steel and Chandrashekhar T Sreeramareddy and Lela Sturua and Konstantinos Stroumpoulis and Soumya Swaminathan and Cassandra Szoeke and Bryan L. Sykes and Mohammad Tavakkoli and Bineyam Taye and Solomon Meseret Woldeyohannes and Worku Mekonnen Tefera and Tesfaye Tekle and Girma Temam Shifa and Abdullah Sulieman Terkawi and Fisaha Haile Tesfay and Gizachew Assefa Tessema and Kiran Thapa and Alan J. Thomson and Andrew L Thorne-Lyman and Ruoyan Tobe-Gai and Marcello Tonelli and R Topor-Madry and Fotis Topouzis and Bach Xuan Tran and Christopher E Troeger and T C Truelsen and Zacharie Tsala Dimbuene and Abera Kenay Tura},
  journal={The Lancet},
  year={2016},
  volume={388},
  pages={1725-1774}
}
BACKGROUND Established in 2000, Millennium Development Goal 4 (MDG4) catalysed extraordinary political, financial, and social commitments to reduce under-5 mortality by two-thirds between 1990 and 2015. At the country level, the pace of progress in improving child survival has varied markedly, highlighting a crucial need to further examine potential drivers of accelerated or slowed decreases in child mortality. The Global Burden of Disease 2015 Study (GBD 2015) provides an analytical framework… CONTINUE READING
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