Global, regional, and national life expectancy, all-cause mortality, and cause-specific mortality for 249 causes of death, 1980–2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015

@article{Wang2016GlobalRA,
  title={Global, regional, and national life expectancy, all-cause mortality, and cause-specific mortality for 249 causes of death, 1980–2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015},
  author={Haidong Wang and Mohsen Naghavi and Christine Allen and Ryan Barber and Zulfiqar A. Bhutta and Austin Carter and Daniel C. Casey and Fiona J. Charlson and Alan Zian Chen and Matthew M Coates and Megan S Coggeshall and Lalit Dandona and Daniel J Dicker and Holly E Erskine and Alize J Ferrari and Christina Fitzmaurice and Kyle Foreman and Mohammad Hossein Forouzanfar and Maya S Fraser and Nancy Fullman and Peter W. Gething and Ellen M Goldberg and Nicholas Graetz and Juanita A. Haagsma and Simon I. Hay and Chantal K Huynh and Catherine Owens Johnson and Nicholas J. Kassebaum and Yohannes Kinfu and Xie Rachel Kulikoff and Michael Kutz and Hmwe H. Kyu and Heidi Jane Larson and Janni Leung and Xiaofeng Liang and Stephen S. Lim and Margaret L. Lind and Rafael Lozano and Neal Marquez and George A. Mensah and Joseph Mikesell and Ali H. Mokdad and Meghan Mooney and Grant Nguyen and Elaine Okanyene Nsoesie and David M. Pigott and Christine Pinho and Gregory A. Roth and Joshua A. Salomon and Logan Sandar and Naris Silpakit and Amber Sligar and Reed J. D. Sorensen and Jeffrey D. Stanaway and Caitlyn Steiner and Stephanie Teeple and Bernadette A. Thomas and Christopher E. Troeger and Amelia VanderZanden and Stein Emil Vollset and Valentine Wanga and Harvey A. Whiteford and Timothy M Wolock and Leo Zoeckler and Kalkidan Hassen Abate and Cristiana Abbafati and Kaja M. Abbas and Foad Abd-Allah and Semaw Ferede Abera and Daisy Maria Xavier de Abreu and Laith Jamal Abu-Raddad and Gebre Yitayih Abyu and Tom Achoki and Ademola Adelekan and Zanfina Ademi and Ars{\`e}ne Kouablan Adou and Jos{\'e} Carmelo Adsuar and Kossivi Agb{\'e}l{\'e}nko Afanvi and Ashkan Afshin and Emilie E Agardh and Arnav Agarwal and Anurag Agrawal and Aliasghar A. Kiadaliri and Oluremi N. Ajala and Ali Shafqat Akanda and Rufus O. Akinyemi and Tomi F Akinyemiju and Nadia Akseer and Faris Lami and Samer Alabed and Ziyad Al-Aly and Khurshid Alam and Noore Alam and Deena Alasfoor and Saleh Fahed Aldhahri and Robert W. Aldridge and Miguel Angel Alegretti and Alicia Aleman and Zewdie Aderaw Alemu and Lily T Alexander and Samia M. Alhabib and Raghib Ali and Ala’a Alkerwi and François Alla and Peter Allebeck and Rajaa Al-Raddadi and Ubai Alsharif and Khalid Altirkawi and Elena Alvarez Martin and Nelson Alvis-Guzm{\'a}n and Azmeraw T. Amare and Adeladza K Amegah and Emmanuel A. Ameh and Heresh Amini and W. Ammar and Stephen Marc Amrock and Hjalte Holm Andersen and Benjamin O Anderson and Gregory M. Anderson and Carl Abelardo T. Antonio and Atsede Fantahun Aregay and Johan {\"A}rnl{\"o}v and Valentina Arsic Arsenijevic and Al Artaman and Hamid Asayesh and Rana Jawad Asghar and Suleman Atique and Euripide Avokpaho and Ashish Awasthi and Peter S Azzopardi and Umar Qadir Bacha and Alaa Badawi and Maria Cecilia Bahit and Kalpana Balakrishnan and Amitava Banerjee and Aleksandra Bara{\'c} and Suzanne Barker-Collo and Till W B{\"a}rnighausen and Lars Barregard and Lope H. Barrero and Arindam Basu and Sanjay Basu and Yibeltal Tebekaw Bayou and Shahrzad Bazargan-Hejazi and Justin Beardsley and Neeraj Bedi and Ettore Beghi and Haileeyesus Adamu Belay and Brent Bell and Michelle L. Bell and Aminu K. Bello and Derrick A Bennett and Isabela Judith Martins Bense{\~n}or and Adugnaw Berhane and Eduardo Bernab{\'e} and Balem Demtsu Betsu and Addisu Shunu Beyene and Neeraj Bhala and Ashish Bhalla and Sibhatu Biadgilign and Boris Bikbov and Aref A. Bin. Abdulhak and Brian J Biroscak and Stan Biryukov and Espen Bjertness and Jed D. Blore and Christopher D Blosser and Megan A. Bohensky and Rohan Borschmann and Dipan Bose and Rupert R A Bourne and Michael Brainin and Carol Brayne and Alexandra Brazinova and Nicholas J. K. Breitborde and Hermann Brenner and Jerry D. Brewer and Alexandria Brown and Jonathan C. Brown and Traolach Brugha and Geoffrey C. Buckle and Zahid Ahmad Butt and Bianca Calabria and Ismael Campos-Nonato and Julio C{\'e}sar Campuzano and Jonathan R. Carapetis and Rosario C{\'a}rdenas and David O. Carpenter and Juan Jes{\'u}s Carrero and Carlos Casta{\~n}eda-Orjuela and Jacqueline Castillo Rivas and Ferr{\'a}n Catal{\'a}-L{\'o}pez and Fiorella Cavalleri and Kelly M Cercy and Jorge Cerd{\'a} and Wanqing Chen and Adrienne Chew and Peggy Pei-Chia Chiang and Mirriam Chibalabala and Chioma Ezinne Chibueze and Odgerel Chimed-Ochir and Vesper H. Chisumpa and Jee-Young Jasmine Choi and Rajiv Chowdhury and Hanne Christensen and Devasahayam Jesudas Christopher and Liliana G. Ciobanu and Massimo Cirillo and Aaron J. Cohen and Valentina Colistro and Mercedes Colomar and Samantha M. Colquhoun and Cyrus Cooper and Leslie Cooper and Monica Cortinovis and Benjamin C Cowie and John A. Crump and James Damsere-Derry and Hadi Danawi and Rakhi Dandona and Farah Daoud and Sarah C. Darby and Paul I Dargan and Jos{\'e} Henrique das Neves and Gail Davey and Adrian Davis and Dragoș Virgil Davițoiu and E Filipa de Castro and Pieter de Jager and Diego De Leo and Louisa Degenhardt and Robert Paul Dellavalle and Kebede Deribe and Amare Deribew and Samath Dhamminda Dharmaratne and Preet Kaur Dhillon and C{\'e}sar D{\'i}az-Torn{\'e} and Eric L. Ding and Kadine Priscila Bender dos Santos and Edem Dossou and Tim R Driscoll and Lei-lei Duan and Manisha Dubey and Bruce Bartholow Duncan and Richard G. Ellenbogen and Christian Lycke Ellingsen and Iqbal RF Elyazar and Aman Yesuf Yesuf Endries and Sergey Petrovich Ermakov and Babak Eshrati and Alireza Esteghamati and Kara Estep and Imad D A Faghmous and Saman Fahimi and Emerito Jose Aquino Faraon and Talha Farid and Carla Sofia Farinha and Andr{\'e} Faro and Maryam S. Farvid and Farshad Farzadfar and Valery L. Feigin and Seyed-Mohammad Fereshtehnejad and Jefferson Gomes Fernandes and Jo{\~a}o Fernandes and Florian Fischer and Joseph Robert Anderson Fitchett and Abraham D. Flaxman and Nataliya A Foigt and Francis Gerry R Fowkes and Elisabeth Barboza França and Richard Charles Franklin and Joseph Friedman and Joseph Jon Frostad and Thomas F{\"u}rst and Neal Futran and Seana L Gall and Ketevan Gambashidze and Amiran Gamkrelidze and Partha Sarthi Ganguly and Fortun{\'e} Gb{\`e}toho Gankp{\'e} and Teshome Gebre and T Gebrehiwot and Amanuel Tesfay Gebremedhin and Alemseged Aregay Gebru and Johanna Marianna Geleijnse and Bradford D. Gessner and Aloke Gopal Ghoshal and Katherine B Gibney and Richard Frank Gillum and Stuart Gilmour and Ababi Zergaw Giref and Maurice Giroud and Melkamu Dedefo Gishu and Giorgia Giussani and Elizabeth Glaser and William W. Godwin and H{\'e}ctor G{\'o}mez-Dant{\'e}s and Philimon N. Gona and Amador Goodridge and Sameer Vali Gopalani and Richard Andre Gosselin and Carolyn Gotay and Atsushi Goto and Hebe Gouda and Felix Greaves and Harish Gugnani and Rahul Gupta and Rajeev Gupta and Vipin Gupta and Reyna Alma Guti{\'e}rrez and Nima Hafezi-Nejad and Demewoz Haile and Alemayehu Hailu and Gessessew Bugssa Hailu and Yara A. Halasa and Randah Ribhi Hamadeh and Samer Hamidi and Jamie Hancock and Alexis J. Handal and Graeme J. Hankey and Yuantao Hao and Hilda L. Harb and Sivadasanpillai Harikrishnan and Josep Maria Haro and Rasmus J Havmoeller and Susan R. Heckbert and Ileana Beatriz Heredia-Pi and Pouria Heydarpour and Henk B. M. Hilderink and Hans W. Hoek and Robert S. Hogg and Masako Horino and Nobuyuki Horita and H. Dean Hosgood and Peter Jay Hotez and Damian G Hoy and Mohamed Hsairi and Aung Soe Htet and Maung Maung Than Htike and Guoqing Hu and Cheng Huang and Hsiang Huang and Laetitia Huiart and Abdullatif Husseini and Inge Huybrechts and Grace Huynh and Kim Moesgaard Iburg and Kaire Innos and Manami Inoue and Veena Iyer and Troy Jacobs and Kathryn H. Jacobsen and N. Jahanmehr and Mihajlo Jakovljevic and Peter James and Mehdi Javanbakht and Sudha Jayaraman and Achala Upendra Jayatilleke and Panniyammakal Jeemon and Paul N. Jensen and Vivekanand Jha and Guo-hong Jiang and Ying Jiang and Tariku Jibat and Aida Jim{\'e}nez-Corona and Jost B. Jonas and Tushar Kant Joshi and Zubair Kabir and Ritul Kamal and Hai-dong Kan and Surya Kant and Andr{\'e} Karch and Corine Karema and C Karimkhani and Dimitris Karletsos and Ganesan Karthikeyan and Amir Kasaeian and Marzieh Katibeh and Anil Kaul and Norito Kawakami and Jeanne Françoise Kayibanda and Peter Njenga Keiyoro and Laura Kemmer and Andrew Haddon Kemp and Andr{\'e} Pascal Kengne and Andre Keren and Maia Kereselidze and Chandrasekharan Nair Kesavachandran and Yousef Saleh Khader and Ibrahim A. Khalil and Abdur Rahman Khan and Ejaz Ahmad Khan and Young Ho Khang and Sahil Khera and Tawfik Ahmed Muthafer Khoja and Christian Kieling and Daniel Kim and Yun Jin Kim and Brett M. Kissela and Niranjan Kissoon and Luke D. Knibbs and Ann Kristin Skrindo Knudsen and Yoshihiro Kokubo and Dhaval S. Kolte and Jacek A. Kopec and Soewarta Kosen and Parvaiz A Koul and Ai Koyanagi and Norun H Krog and Barth{\'e}l{\'e}my Kuate Defo and Burcu Kucuk Bicer and Andreas A. Kudom and Ernst J. Kuipers and Veena S. Kulkarni and G Anil Kumar and Gene F. Kwan and Aparna Lal and Dharmesh Kumar Lal and Ratilal Lalloo and Tea Lallukka and Hilton Y. Lam and Jennifer O. Lam and Sin{\'e}ad M. Langan and Van Charles Lansingh and Anders Larsson and Dennis Odai Laryea and Asma Abdul Latif and Alicia Elena Beatriz Lawrynowicz and James Leigh and Miriam Levi and Yongmei Li and M Patrice Lindsay and Steven E. Lipshultz and Patrick Y. Liu and Shiwei Liu and Yang Liu and Loon-Tzian Lo and Giancarlo Logroscino and Paulo Andrade Lotufo and Robyn M. Lucas and Raimundas Lunevicius and Ronan A. Lyons and Stefan Ma and Vasco Manuel Pedro Machado and Mark T. Mackay and Jennifer H MacLachlan and Hassan Magdy Abd El Razek and Mohammed Magdy and Abd El Razek and Marek Majdan and Azeem Majeed and Reza Malekzadeh and Wondimu Ayele Ayele Manamo and John Mandisarisa and S. Chandra Kumar Mangalam and Chabila Christopher Mapoma and Wagner Marcenes and David J. Margolis and Gerard R. Martin and Jos{\'e} Mart{\'i}nez-Raga and Melvin Barrientos Marzan and Felix Masiye and Amanda J. Mason-Jones and Jo{\~a}o Massano and Richard G Matzopoulos and Bongani M. Mayosi and Stephen T. Mcgarvey and J J Mcgrath and Martin Mckee and Brian J. McMahon and Peter A. Meaney and Alem Getaneh Mehari and Man M Mehndiratta and Fabiola Mej{\'i}a-Rodr{\'i}guez and Alemayehu B. Mekonnen and Yohannes Adama Melaku and Peter Memiah and Ziad A. Memish and Walter Mendoza and Atte Meretoja and Tuomo Meretoja and Francis Mhimbira and Renata Micha and Anoushka I Millear and Ted R. Miller and Mojde Mirarefin and Awoke Misganaw and Charles N. Mock and Karzan Abdulmuhsin Mohammad and Alireza Mohammadi and Shafiu Mohammed and Viswanathan Mohan and Glen D L Mola and Lorenzo Monasta and Julio Cesar Monta{\~n}ez Hernandez and Pablo Montero and Marcella Montico and Thomas Jude Montine and Maziar Moradi-Lakeh and Lidia Morawska and K. Morgan and Rintaro Mori and Dariush Mozaffarian and Ulrich Otto Mueller and Gudlavalleti Venkata Satyanarayana Murthy and Srinivas Murthy and Kamarul Imran Musa and Jean B Nachega and Gabriele Nagel and Kovin S. Naidoo and Nitish Naik and Luigi Naldi and Vinay Nangia and Denis Nash and C. Nejjari and Subas Neupane and Charles R. Newton and John N. Newton and Marie Ng and Frida Namnyak Ngalesoni and Jean de Dieu Ngirabega and Quyen Le Thi Nguyen and Muhammad Imran Nisar and Patrick Martial Nkamedjie Pete and Marika Nomura and Ole Frithjof Norheim and Paul E. Norman and Bo Norrving and Luke Nyakarahuka and Felix Akpojene Ogbo and Takayoshi Ohkubo and Foluke Adetola Ojelabi and Pedro R Olivares and Bolajoko O. Olusanya and Jacob Olusegun Olusanya and John Nelson Opio and Eyal Oren and Alberto Ortiz and Majdi Osman and Erika Ota and Raziye Ozdemir and Mahesh Pa and Amanda W Pain and Jeyaraj Durai Pandian and Puspa Raj Pant and Christina Papachristou and Eun‐Kee Park and Jae-Hyun Park and Charles D. H. Parry and Mahboubeh Parsaeian and Angel Jose Paternina Caicedo and Scott B. Patten and George C. Patton and Vinod Kumar Paul and Neil Pearce and Jo{\~a}o M{\'a}rio Pedro and Ljiljana Pejin Stoki{\'c} and David M Pereira and Norberto Perico and Konrad Pesudovs and Max Petzold and Michael Robert Phillips and Fr{\'e}d{\'e}ric B Piel and Julian David Pillay and Dietrich Plass and James A Platts-Mills and Suzanne Polinder and C. Arden Pope and Svetlana Popova and Richie Poulton and Farshad Pourmalek and Dorairaj Prabhakaran and Mostafa Qorbani and Justice Quame-Amaglo and D. Alex Quistberg and Anwar Rafay and Kazem Rahimi and Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar and Mahfuzar Rahman and Mohammad Hifz Ur Rahman and Sajjad Ur Rahman and Rajesh Kumar Rai and Zhale Rajavi and Sasa Rajsic and Murugesan Raju and Ivo Rakovac and Saleem Muhammad Rana and Chhabi Lal Ranabhat and Thara Rangaswamy and Puja C. Rao and Sowmya R. Rao and Amany Refaat and J{\"u}rgen Rehm and Marissa B. Reitsma and Giuseppe Remuzzi and Serge Resnikoff and Ant{\^o}nio Luiz Pinho Ribeiro and Stefano Ricci and Maria Blancas and Bayard Roberts and Anna Roca and David Rojas-Rueda and Luca Ronfani and Gholamreza Roshandel and Dietrich Rothenbacher and Ambuj Roy and Nawal K Roy and George Mugambage Ruhago and Rajesh Sagar and Sukanta Saha and Ramesh Sahathevan and Muhammad Muhammad Saleh and Juan Ramon Sanabria and Maria Dolores S{\'a}nchez-Ni{\~n}o and L{\'i}dia S{\`a}nchez-Riera and Itamar de Souza Santos and Rodrigo Sarmiento-Su{\'a}rez and Benn Sartorius and Maheswar Satpathy and Miloje Savic and Monika Sawhney and Michael Patrick Schaub and Maria In{\^e}s Schmidt and Ione Jayce Ceola Schneider and Ben Sch{\"o}ttker and Aletta Elisabeth Schutte and David C. Schwebel and Soraya Seedat and Sadaf G. Sepanlou and Edson Serv{\'a}n-Mori and Katya Anne Shackelford and Gavin Shaddick and Amira A Shaheen and Saeid Shahraz and Masood Ali Shaikh and Marina Shakh-Nazarova and Rajesh Sharma and Jun She and Sara Sheikhbahaei and Jiabin Shen and Ziyan Shen and Donald S. Shepard and Kevin Navin Sheth and Balakrishna P Shetty and Peilin Shi and Kenji Shibuya and Min-Jeong Shin and Rahman Shiri and Ivy Shiue and Mark G. Shrime and Inga Dora Sigfusdottir and Donald Silberberg and Diego Augusto Santos Silva and Dayane Gabriele Alves Silveira and Jonathan I. Silverberg and Edgar P. Simard and Ashutosh Kumar Singh and Gitanjali M Singh and Jasvinder A. Singh and Om Prakash Singh and Prashant Kumar Singh and Virendra Singh and Samir S Soneji and Kjetil S{\o}reide and Joan B. Soriano and Luciano A. Sposato and Chandrashekhar T. Sreeramareddy and Vasiliki Kalliopi Stathopoulou and Dan J Stein and Murray B. Stein and Saverio Stranges and Konstantinos Stroumpoulis and Bruno F. Sunguya and Patrick John Sur and Soumya Swaminathan and Bryan L. Sykes and Cassandra Szoeke and Rafael Tabar{\'e}s-Seisdedos and Karen M. Tabb and Ken Takahashi and Jukka Takala and Roberto Tchio Talongwa and Nikhil Tandon and Mohammad Tavakkoli and Bineyam Taye and Hugh R. Taylor and Braden J Te Ao and Bemnet Amare Tedla and Worku Tefera and Margreet ten Have and Abdullah Sulieman Terkawi and Fisaha Haile Tesfay and Gizachew Assefa Tessema and Alan J. Thomson and Andrew L. Thorne-Lyman and Amanda G. Thrift and George D. Thurston and Taavi Tillmann and David L. Tirschwell and Marcello Tonelli and R Topor-Madry and Fotis Topouzis and Jeffrey A. Towbin and Jefferson Luiz Traebert and Bach Xuan Tran and Thomas Clement Truelsen and Ulises Trujillo and Abera Kenay Tura and E. Murat Tuzcu and Uche S Uchendu and Kingsley Nnanna Ukwaja and Eduardo A. Undurraga and Olalekan Abdulrahman Uthman and Rita Van Dingenen and Aaron van Donkelaar and Tommi Vasankari and Ana Maria Nogales Vasconcelos and Narayanaswamy Venketasubramanian and Ramesh Vidavalur and Lakshmi Vijayakumar and Salvador Villalpando and Francesco Saverio Violante and Vasiliy V. Vlassov and Joseph A Wagner and Gregory R Wagner and Mitchell T. Wallin and Linhong Wang and David A Watkins and Scott Weichenthal and Elisabete Weiderpass and Robert Weintraub and Andrea Werdecker and Ronny Westerman and Richard A. White and Tissa Wijeratne and James D. Wilkinson and Hywel C. Williams and Charles Shey Wiysonge and Solomon M. Woldeyohannes and Charles D.A. Wolfe and Sungho Won and John Q. Wong and Anthony D. Woolf and Denis Xavier and Qingyang Xiao and Gelin Xu and Bereket Yakob and Ayalnesh Zemene Yalew and Lijing L. Yan and Yuichiro Yano and Mehdi Yaseri and Pengpeng Ye and Henock G. Yebyo and Paul Siu-Fai Yip and Biruck Desalegn Yirsaw and Naohiro Yonemoto and Gerald Yonga and Mustafa Z. Younis and Shicheng Yu and Zoubida Zaidi and Maysaa El Sayed Zaki and Faiez Zannad and Diego E. Zavala and Hajo Zeeb and Berihun Megabiaw Zeleke and Hao Zhang and Sanjay P. Zodpey and David Zonies and Liesl Joanna Zuhlke and Theo Vos and Alan D. Lopez and Christopher J. L. Murray},
  journal={Lancet (London, England)},
  year={2016},
  volume={388},
  pages={1459 - 1544}
}
Associations of socioeconomic factors with cause-specific Mortality and burden of cardiovascular diseases: findings from the vital registration in urban Shanghai, China, during 1974–2015
TLDR
The mortality of CVD increased in those born during 1937–1945, aperiod of the Japanese military occupation, and during 1958–1965, a period including the Chinese Famine, and changes were in concert with the implementation of policies including extended medical insurance coverage, pollution control, active prophylaxis ofCVD including lifestyle promotion, and national health programs.
National disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for 257 diseases and injuries in Ethiopia, 1990–2015: findings from the global burden of disease study 2015
TLDR
Ethiopia has been successful in reducing age-standardized DALYs related to most communicable, maternal, neonatal, and nutritional deficiency diseases in the last 25 years, causing a major ranking shift to types of non-communicable disease.
Global, Regional, and National Cancer Incidence, Mortality, Years of Life Lost, Years Lived With Disability, and Disability-Adjusted Life-years for 32 Cancer Groups, 1990 to 2015: A Systematic Analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study
TLDR
The GBD 2015 study results demonstrate that progress is possible in the war against cancer, however, the major findings also highlight an unmet need for cancer prevention efforts, including tobacco control, vaccination, and the promotion of physical activity and a healthy diet.
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