Global, regional, and national levels and causes of maternal mortality during 1990-2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013.

@article{Kassebaum2014GlobalRA,
  title={Global, regional, and national levels and causes of maternal mortality during 1990-2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013.},
  author={Nicholas J. Kassebaum and Amelia Bertozzi-Villa and Megan S Coggeshall and Katya Anne Shackelford and Caitlyn Steiner and Kyle Heuton and Diego Gonz{\'a}lez-Medina and Ryan M Barber and Chantal Huynh and Daniel J Dicker and Tara Templin and Timothy M Wolock and Ayse Abbasoglu Ozgoren and Foad Abd-Allah and Semaw Ferede Abera and Ibrahim Abubakar and Tom Achoki and Ademola Lukman Adelekan and Zanfina Ademi and Ars{\`e}ne Kouablan Adou and Jos{\'e} Carmelo Adsuar and Emilie Elisabet Agardh and Dickens H Akena and Deena Alasfoor and Zewdie Aderaw Alemu and Rafael Alfonso-Cristancho and Samia Alhabib and Raghib Ali and Mazin J Al Kahbouri and François Alla and Peter J Allen and Mohammad A. Almazroa and Ubai Alsharif and Elena Alvarez and Nelson Rafael Alvis-Guzm{\'a}n and Adansi A. Amankwaa and Azmeraw T Amare and Hassan Amini and Walid S Ammar and Carl Abelardo T. Antonio and Palwasha Anwari and Johan {\'A}rnl{\"o}v and Valentina S Arsic Arsenijevic and Ali Artaman and Majed Masoud Asad and Rana Jawad Asghar and Reza Assadi and Lydia S Atkins and Alaa Badawi and K. S. Balakrishnan and Arindam Basu and Sanjay Basu and Justin Beardsley and Neeraj Bedi and Tolesa Bekele and Michelle L. Bell and Eduardo Parrilla Bernab{\'e} and Tariku Jibat Beyene and Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta and Aref A. Bin Abdulhak and Jed Daniel Blore and Berrak Bora Basara and Dipan Bose and Nicholas J. K. Breitborde and Rosario C{\'a}rdenas and Carlos Andr{\'e}s Casta{\~n}eda-Orjuela and Ruben Estanislao Castro and Ferr{\'a}n Catal{\'a}-L{\'o}pez and Alanur Çavlin and Jung-Chen Chang and Xuan Che and Costas A. Christophi and Sumeet S Chugh and Massimo Cirillo and Samantha M. Colquhoun and Leslie Trumbull Cooper and Cyrus Cooper and Iuri da Costa Leite and Lalit Dandona and Rakhi Dandona and Adrian C J Davis and Anand Dayama and Louisa Degenhardt and Diego de Leo and Borja Del Pozo-Cruz and Kebede Deribe and Muluken Dessalegn and G A DeVeber and Samath Dhamminda Dharmaratne and Uğur Dilmen and Eric L. Ding and Rob E Dorrington and Timothy Robert Driscoll and Sergei Ermakov and Alireza Esteghamati and Emerito Jose Aquino Faraon and Farshad Farzadfar and Manuela Mendonca Felicio and Seyed-Mohammad Fereshtehnejad and Graça Maria Ferreira de Lima and Mohammad Hossein Forouzanfar and Elisabeth Barboza França and Lynne Gaffikin and Ketevan Gambashidze and Fortun{\'e} Gb{\`e}toho Gankp{\'e} and Ana Chac{\'o}n Garc{\'i}a and Johanna M Geleijnse and Katherine B. Gibney and Maurice Giroud and Elizabeth L Glaser and Ketevan Goginashvili and Philimon Nyakauru Gona and Dinorah Gonz{\'a}lez-Castell and Atsushi Goto and Hebe N. Gouda and Harish Chander Gugnani and Rahul Gupta and Rajeev Gupta and Nima Hafezi-Nejad and Randah Ribhi Hamadeh and Mouhanad Hammami and Graeme J. Hankey and Hilda L. Harb and Rasmus Havmoeller and Simon I. Hay and Ileana B Heredia Pi and Hans W Hoek and Howard Dean Hosgood and Damian G Hoy and Abdullatif S. Husseini and Bulat Idrisov and Kaire Innos and Manami Inoue and Kathryn H Jacobsen and Eiman C Jahangir and Sun Ha Jee and Paul N Jensen and Vivekanand Jha and Guohong Jiang and Jost Bruno Jonas and Knud Juel and Edmond K Kabagambe and Haidong Kan and Nadim E Karam and Andr{\'e} Karch and Corine Kakizi Karema and Anil Kaul and Norito Kawakami and Konstantin Kazanjan and Dhruv S Kazi and Andrew Haddon Kemp and Andre Pascal Kengne and Maia Kereselidze and Yousef S Khader and Shams Eldin Ali Hassan Khalifa and Ejaz Ahmed Khan and Young Ho Khang and Luke D. Knibbs and Yoshihiro Kokubo and Soewarta Kosen and Barth{\'e}lemy Kuate Defo and Chanda Kulkarni and V. Sheetal Kulkarni and G. Suvarna Kumar and Kaushalendra Kumar and R. Biju Kumar and Gene F Kwan and Taavi Lai and Ratilal Lalloo and Hilton Yu Lam and Van Charles Lansingh and Anders Larsson and Jong-Tae Lee and James Leigh and Mall Leinsalu and Ricky W. K. Leung and Xiaohong Li and Yichong Li and Yongmei Li and Juan Liang and Xiaofeng Liang and Stephen S. Lim and Hsien-Ho Lin and Steven E. Lipshultz and Shiwei Liu and Yang Liu and Belinda K Lloyd and Stephanie J London and Paulo Andrade Lotufo and Jixiang Ma and Stefan Ma and Vasco Manuel Pedro Machado and Nana Kwaku Mainoo and Marek Majdan and Christopher Chabila Mapoma and Wagner Marcenes and Melvin Barrientos Marzan and Amanda Mason-Jones and Man Mohan Mehndiratta and Fabiola Mej{\'i}a-Rodr{\'i}guez and Ziad Ahmed Memish and W. P. Mendoza and Ted R Miller and Edward Mills and Ali H. Mokdad and Glen Liddell D Mola and Lorenzo Monasta and Jonathan de la Cruz Monis and Julio Cesar Monta{\~n}ez Hernandez and Ami R. Moore and Maziar Moradi-Lakeh and Rintaro Mori and Ulrich Otto Mueller and Mitsuru Mukaigawara and Aliya Naheed and Kovin Naidoo and Devina Nand and Vinay B Nangia and Denis Nash and C. Nejjari and Robert G Nelson and Sudan Prasad Neupane and Charles R Newton and Marie Cicelie C. Ng and Mark J Nieuwenhuijsen and Muhammad Imran Nisar and Sandra Nolte and Ole Frithjof Norheim and Luke Nyakarahuka and In Hwan Oh and Takayoshi Ohkubo and Bolajoko O Olusanya and Saad B Omer and John Nelson Opio and Orish Ebere Orisakwe and Jeyaraj Pandian and Christina S. Papachristou and Jae Hyun Park and Angel J Paternina Caicedo and Scott B Patten and Vinod Kumar Paul and Boris Igor Pavlin and Neil E Pearce and David Montero Pereira and Konrad Pesudovs and Max Petzold and D Poenaru and Guilherme Vanoni Polanczyk and Suzanne Polinder and Daniel P Pope and Farshad Pourmalek and Dima Mazen Qato and Duane Alex Quistberg and Anwar Rafay and Kazem Rahimi and Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar and Sajjad Ur Rahman and Murugesan Raju and Saleem M. Rana and Amany H. Refaat and Luca Ronfani and Nobhojit Roy and Tania Georgina S{\'a}nchez Pimienta and Mohammad Ali Sahraian and Joshua A Salomon and Uchechukwu Sampson and Itamar de Souza Santos and Monika Sawhney and Felix Sayinzoga and Ione Jayce Ceola Schneider and Austin E Schumacher and David C. Schwebel and Soraya Seedat and Sadaf G Sepanlou and Edson Serv{\'a}n-Mori and Marina Shakh-Nazarova and Sara Sheikhbahaei and Kenji Shibuya and Hwashin Hyun Shin and Ivy J. Shiue and Inga D{\'o}ra Sigf{\'u}sd{\'o}ttir and Donald Silberberg and Andrea Almeida P. da Silva and Jasvinder A Singh and Vegard Skirbekk and Karen Sliwa and Sergey Soshnikov and Luciano A Sposato and Chandrashekhar T. Sreeramareddy and Konstantinos I Stroumpoulis and Lela Sturua and Bryan L. Sykes and Karen M Tabb and Roberto Tchio Talongwa and Feng Tan and Carolina Maria Teixeira and Eric Yeboah Tenkorang and Abdullah Sulieman Terkawi and Andrew L Thorne-Lyman and David L. Tirschwell and Jeffrey Allen Towbin and Bach Xuan Tran and Miltiadis K Tsilimbaris and Uche S Uchendu and Kingsley Nnanna Ukwaja and Eduardo A Undurraga and Selen Beg{\"u}m Uzun and Andrew J Vallely and Coen H. van Gool and Tommi Juhani Vasankari and Monica S Vavilala and Narayanaswamy Venketasubramanian and Salvador Villalpando and Francesco Saverio Violante and Vasiliy Vlassov and Theo Vos and Stephen G. Waller and Haidong Wang and Linhong Wang and Xiaorong Wang and Yan-Ping Wang and Scott Weichenthal and Elisabete Weiderpass and Robert G. Weintraub and Ronny Westerman and James Dean Wilkinson and Solomon Meseret Woldeyohannes and John Q Wong and Muluemebet Abera Wordofa and Gelin Xu and Yang Claire Yang and Yuichiro Yano and Gokalp Kadri Yentur and Paul S F Yip and Naohiro Yonemoto and Seok Jun Yoon and Mustafa Z. Younis and Chuanhua Yu and Kim Yun Jin and Maysaa El Sayed Zaki and Yong Zhao and Yingfeng Zheng and Maigeng Zhou and Jun Zhu and Xiao nong Zou and Alan D Lopez and Mohsen Naghavi and C. J. Murray and Rafael Lozano},
  journal={Lancet},
  year={2014},
  volume={384 9947},
  pages={980-1004}
}
BACKGROUND The fifth Millennium Development Goal (MDG 5) established the goal of a 75% reduction in the maternal mortality ratio (MMR; number of maternal deaths per 100,000 livebirths) between 1990 and 2015. We aimed to measure levels and track trends in maternal mortality, the key causes contributing to maternal death, and timing of maternal death with respect to delivery. METHODS We used robust statistical methods including the Cause of Death Ensemble model (CODEm) to analyse a database of… CONTINUE READING
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