Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 354 diseases and injuries for 195 countries and territories, 1990–2017: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017

@article{James2018GlobalRA,
  title={Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 354 diseases and injuries for 195 countries and territories, 1990–2017: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017},
  author={Spencer L James and Degu Abate and Kalkidan Hassen Abate and Solomon Mequanente Abay and Cristiana Abbafati and Nooshin Abbasi and Hedayat Abbastabar and Foad Abd-Allah and Jemal Abdela and Ahmed Abdelalim and Ibrahim Abdollahpour and Rizwan Suliankatchi Abdulkader and Zegeye Abebe and Semaw Ferede Abera and Olifan Zewdie Abil and Haftom Niguse Abraha and Laith Jamal Abu-Raddad and Niveen M. E. Abu-Rmeileh and Manfred Mario Kokou Accrombessi and Dilaram Acharya and Pawan Acharya and Ilana N. Ackerman and Abdullahi Adamu and Oladimeji Adebayo and Victor T Adekanmbi and Olatunji O. Adetokunboh and Mina G. Adib and Jos{\'e} Carmelo Adsuar and Kossivi Agb{\'e}l{\'e}nko Afanvi and Mohsen Afarideh and Ashkan Afshin and Gina Agarwal and Kareha M Agesa and Rakesh Aggarwal and Sargis A. Aghayan and Sutapa Agrawal and Alireza Ahmadi and Mehdi Ahmadi and Hamid Ahmadieh and Muktar Beshir Ahmed and Amani Nidhal Aichour and Ibtihel Aichour and Miloud Taki Eddine Aichour and Tomi F Akinyemiju and Nadia Akseer and Ziyad Al-Aly and Ayman Al-Eyadhy and Hesham M. Al-Mekhlafi and Rajaa Al-Raddadi and Fares Alahdab and Khurshid Alam and Tahiya Alam and Alaa Alashi and Seyed Moayed Alavian and Kefyalew Addis Alene and Mehran Alijanzadeh and Reza Alizadeh-Navaei and Syed Mohamed Aljunid and Ala’a Alkerwi and François Alla and Peter Allebeck and Mohamed Alouani and Khalid Altirkawi and Nelson Alvis-Guzm{\'a}n and Azmeraw T. Amare and Leopold N Aminde and W. Ammar and Yaw Ampem Amoako and Nahla Anber and Cătălina Liliana Andrei and Sofia Androudi and Megbaru Debalkie Animut and Mina Anjomshoa and Mustafa Geleto Ansha and Carl Abelardo T. Antonio and Palwasha Anwari and Jalal Arabloo and Antonio Arauz and Olatunde Aremu and Filippo Ariani and Bahroom Armoon and Johan {\"A}rnl{\"o}v and Amit Arora and Al Artaman and Krishna K. Aryal and Hamid Asayesh and Rana Jawad Asghar and Zerihun Ataro and Sachin Atre and Marcel Ausloos and Leticia {\'A}vila-Burgos and Euripide Avokpaho and Ashish Awasthi and Beatriz Paulina Ayala Quintanilla and Rakesh Ayer and Peter S Azzopardi and Arefeh Babazadeh and Hamid Badali and Alaa Badawi and Ayele Geleto Bali and Katherine E Ballesteros and Shoshana H. Ballew and Maciej Banach and Joseph Adel Mattar Banoub and Amrit Banstola and Aleksandra Bara{\'c} and Miguel A Barboza and Suzanne Barker-Collo and Till W B{\"a}rnighausen and Lope H. Barrero and Bernhard T. Baune and Shahrzad Bazargan-Hejazi and Neeraj Bedi and Ettore Beghi and Masoud Behzadifar and Meysam Behzadifar and Yannick B{\'e}jot and Abate Bekele Belachew and Yihalem Abebe Belay and Michelle L. Bell and Aminu K. Bello and Isabela Judith Martins Bense{\~n}or and Eduardo Bernab{\'e} and Robert S. Bernstein and Mircea Beuran and Tina Beyranvand and Neeraj Bhala and Suraj Bhattarai and Soumyadeep Bhaumik and Zulfiqar A. Bhutta and Belete Biadgo and Ali Bijani and Boris Bikbov and Ver Luanni Feliciano Bilano and Nigus Bililign and Muhammad Shahdaat Bin Sayeed and Donal Bisanzio and Brigette F. Blacker and Fiona M Blyth and Ibrahim R Bou-Orm and Soufiane Boufous and Rupert R A Bourne and Oliver J. Brady and Michael Brainin and Luisa Campos Caldeira Brant and Alexandra Brazinova and Nicholas J. K. Breitborde and Hermann Brenner and Paul Svitil Briant and Andrew M. Briggs and Andrey Briko and Gabrielle Britton and Traolach Brugha and Rachelle Buchbinder and Reinhard Busse and Zahid Ahmad Butt and Lucero Cahuana-Hurtado and Jorge Cano and Rosario C{\'a}rdenas and Juan Jes{\'u}s Carrero and Austin Carter and Felix Carvalho and Carlos Casta{\~n}eda-Orjuela and Jacqueline Castillo Rivas and Franz Castro and Ferr{\'a}n Catal{\'a}-L{\'o}pez and Kelly M Cercy and Ester Cerin and Yazan Chaiah and Alex R. Chang and Hsing-Yi Chang and Jung-Chen Chang and Fiona J. Charlson and Aparajita Chattopadhyay and Vijay Kumar Chattu and Pankaj Chaturvedi and Peggy Pei-Chia Chiang and Ken Lee Chin and Abdulaal Chitheer and Jee-Young Jasmine Choi and Rajiv Chowdhury and Hanne Christensen and Devasahayam Jesudas Christopher and Flavia M. Cicuttini and Liliana G. Ciobanu and Massimo Cirillo and Rafael Moreira Claro and Daniel Collado-Mateo and Cyrus Cooper and Josef Coresh and Paolo Angelo Cortesi and Monica Cortinovis and Megan E Costa and Ewerton Cousin and Michael H. Criqui and Elizabeth A Cromwell and Marita Cross and John A. Crump and Abel Fekadu Dadi and Lalit Dandona and Rakhi Dandona and Paul I Dargan and Ahmad Daryani and Rajat Das Gupta and Jos{\'e} das Neves and Tamirat Tesfaye Dasa and Gail Davey and Adrian Davis and Dragoș Virgil Davițoiu and Barbora de Courten and Fernando de la Hoz and Diego De Leo and J. Neve and Meaza Girma Degefa and Louisa Degenhardt and Selina Deiparine and Robert Paul Dellavalle and Gebre Teklemariam Demoz and Kebede Deribe and Nikolaos Dervenis and Don Des Jarlais and Getenet Dessie and Subhojit Dey and Samath Dhamminda Dharmaratne and Mesfin Tadese Dinberu and M. Ashworth Dirac and Shirin Djalalinia and Linh Phuong Doan and Klara Georgieva Dokova and David Teye Doku and Earl Ray Dorsey and Kerrie E. Doyle and Tim R Driscoll and Manisha Dubey and Eleonora Dubljanin and Eyasu Ejeta Duken and Bruce Bartholow Duncan and Andr{\'e} Rodrigues Dur{\~a}es and Hedyeh Ebrahimi and Soheil Ebrahimpour and Michelle Marie Echko and David Edvardsson and Andem Effiong and Joshua R. Ehrlich and Charbel El Bcheraoui and Maysaa El Sayed Zaki and Ziad El-Khatib and Hajer Elkout and Iqbal RF Elyazar and Ahmad Ali Enayati and Aman Yesuf Yesuf Endries and Benjamin Er and Holly E Erskine and Babak Eshrati and Sharareh Eskandarieh and Alireza Esteghamati and Sadaf Esteghamati and Hamed Fakhim and Vahid Fallah Omrani and Mahbobeh Faramarzi and Mohammad Fareed and Farzaneh Farhadi and Talha Farid and Carla Sofia Farinha and Andrea Farioli and Andr{\'e} Faro and Maryam S. Farvid and Farshad Farzadfar and Valery L. Feigin and Netsanet Fentahun and Seyed-Mohammad Fereshtehnejad and Eduarda Fernandes and Jo{\~a}o Fernandes and Alize J Ferrari and Garumma Tolu Feyissa and Irina Filip and Florian Fischer and Christina Fitzmaurice and Nataliya A Foigt and Kyle Foreman and Jack T Fox and Tahvi D Frank and Takeshi Fukumoto and Nancy Fullman and Thomas F{\"u}rst and Jo{\~a}o Marcello Furtado and Neal Futran and Seana L Gall and Morsaleh Ganji and Fortun{\'e} Gb{\`e}toho Gankp{\'e} and Alberto L. Garcia-Basteiro and William M Gardner and Abadi Kahsu Gebre and Amanuel Tesfay Gebremedhin and Teklu Gebrehiwo Gebremichael and Tilayie Feto Gelano and Johanna Marianna Geleijnse and Ricard G{\`e}nova-Maleras and Yilma Chisha Dea Geramo and Peter W. Gething and Kebede Embaye Gezae and Keyghobad Ghadiri and Khalil Ghasemi Falavarjani and Maryam Ghasemi-Kasman and Mamata Ghimire and R Ghosh and Aloke Gopal Ghoshal and Simona Giampaoli and Paramjit S Gill and Tiffany K. Gill and Ibrahim Abdelmageed Mohamed Ginawi and Giorgia Giussani and Elena V. Gnedovskaya and Ellen M Goldberg and Srinivas Goli and H{\'e}ctor G{\'o}mez-Dant{\'e}s and Philimon N. Gona and Sameer Vali Gopalani and Taren M Gorman and Alessandra Carvalho Goulart and B N G Goulart and Ayman Grada and Morgan E. Grams and Giuseppe Grosso and Harish Gugnani and Yuming Guo and Prakash Chandra Gupta and Rahul Gupta and Rajeev Gupta and Tanush Gupta and Bishal Gyawali and Juanita A. Haagsma and Vladimir Hachinski and Nima Hafezi-Nejad and Hassan Haghparast Bidgoli and Tekle Hagos and Gessessew Bugssa Hailu and Arvin Haj‐Mirzaian and Arya Haj-Mirzaian and Randah Ribhi Hamadeh and Samer Hamidi and Alexis J. Handal and Graeme J. Hankey and Yuantao Hao and Hilda L. Harb and Sivadasanpillai Harikrishnan and Josep Maria Haro and Mehedi Hasan and Hadi Hassankhani and Hamid Yimam Hassen and Rasmus J Havmoeller and Caitlin N. Hawley and Roderick Hay and Simon I. Hay and Akbar Hedayatizadeh-Omran and Behzad Heibati and Delia V. Hendrie and Andualem Henok and Claudiu Herteliu and Sousan Heydarpour and Desalegn Tsegaw Hibstu and Huong Thanh Hoang and Hans W. Hoek and Howard J Hoffman and Michael K. Hole and Enayatollah Homaie Rad and Praveen Hoogar and H. Dean Hosgood and Seyed Mostafa Hosseini and Mehdi Hosseinzadeh and Mihaela Hostiuc and Sorin Hostiuc and Peter Jay Hotez and Damian G Hoy and Mohamed Hsairi and Aung Soe Htet and Guoqing Hu and John J Emmanuel Huang and Chantal K Huynh and Kim Moesgaard Iburg and Chad Thomas Ikeda and Bogdan Vasile Ileanu and Olayinka Stephen Ilesanmi and Usman Iqbal and Seyed Sina Naghibi Irvani and Caleb Mackay Salpeter Irvine and Sheikh Mohammed Shariful Islam and Farhad Islami and Kathryn H. Jacobsen and Leila Jahangiry and N. Jahanmehr and Sudhir Kumar Jain and Mihajlo Jakovljevic and Mehdi Javanbakht and Achala Upendra Jayatilleke and Panniyammakal Jeemon and Ravi Prakash Jha and Vivekanand Jha and John S Ji and Catherine Owens Johnson and Jost B. Jonas and Jacek Jerzy Jozwiak and Suresh Jungari and Mikk J{\"u}risson and Zubair Kabir and Rajendra P. Kadel and Amaha Kahsay and Rizwan Kalani and Tanuj Kanchan and Manoochehr Karami and Behzad Karami Matin and Andr{\'e} Karch and Corine Karema and Narges Karimi and Seyed M. Karimi and Amir Kasaeian and Dessalegn Haile Kassa and Getachew Mullu Kassa and Tesfaye Kassa and Nicholas J. Kassebaum and Srinivasa Vittal Katikireddi and Norito Kawakami and Ali Kazemi Karyani and Masoud Keighobadi and Peter Njenga Keiyoro and Laura Kemmer and Grant Rodgers Kemp and Andr{\'e} Pascal Kengne and Andre Keren and Yousef Saleh Khader and Behzad Khafaei and Morteza Abdullatif Khafaie and Alireza Khajavi and Ibrahim A. Khalil and Ejaz Ahmad Khan and Muhammad Shahzeb Khan and Muhammad Ali Khan and Young Ho Khang and Mohammad Rasool Khazaei and Abdullah Khoja and Ardeshir Khosravi and Mohammad Hossein Khosravi and Aliasghar A. Kiadaliri and Daniel N. Kiirithio and Cho-il Kim and Daniel Kim and Pauline Kim and Young-Eun Kim and Yun Jin Kim and Ruth W. Kimokoti and Yohannes Kinfu and Adnan Kisa and Katarzyna Kissimova-Skarbek and Mika Kivim{\"a}ki and Ann Kristin Skrindo Knudsen and Jonathan M Kocarnik and Sonali Kochhar and Yoshihiro Kokubo and Tufa Kolola and Jacek A. Kopec and Soewarta Kosen and Georgios A. Kotsakis and Parvaiz A Koul and Ai Koyanagi and Michael A Kravchenko and Kewal Krishan and Kristopher J. Krohn and Barth{\'e}l{\'e}my Kuate Defo and Burcu Kucuk Bicer and G Anil Kumar and Manasi Kumar and Hmwe H. Kyu and Deepesh P. Lad and Sheetal D. Lad and Alessandra Lafranconi and Ratilal Lalloo and Tea Lallukka and Faris Lami and Van Charles Lansingh and Arman Latifi and Kathryn M. Lau and Jeffrey Victor Lazarus and Janet L. Leasher and Jorge Riera Ledesma and Paul Hong Lee and James Leigh and Janni Leung and Miriam Levi and Sonia Lewycka and Shanshan Li and Yichong Li and Yu Liao and Misgan Legesse Liben and Lee Ling Lim and Stephen S. Lim and Shiwei Liu and Rakesh Lodha and Katharine J Looker and Alan D. Lopez and Stefan Lorkowski and Paulo Andrade Lotufo and Nicola Low and Rafael Lozano and Tim C. D. Lucas and Lydia R. Lucchesi and Raimundas Lunevicius and Ronan A. Lyons and Stefan Ma and Erlyn K Macarayan and Mark T. Mackay and Fabiana Madotto and Hassan Magdy Abd El Razek and M. M. Abd-El Razek and Dhaval P. Maghavani and Narayan Bahadur Mahotra and Hue Thi Mai and Marek Majdan and Reza Majdzadeh and Azeem Majeed and Reza Malekzadeh and D{\'e}borah Carvalho Malta and Abdullah Al Mamun and Ana-Laura Manda and Helena Manguerra and Treh Manhertz and Mohammad Ali Mansournia and Lorenzo Giovanni Mantovani and Chabila Christopher Mapoma and Joemer C. Maravilla and Wagner Marcenes and As Marks and Francisco Rogerl{\^a}ndio Martins-Melo and Ira Martopullo and Winfried M{\"a}rz and Melvin Barrientos Marzan and Tivani Phosa Mashamba-Thompson and Benjamin B. Massenburg and Manu Raj Mathur and Kunihiro Matsushita and Pallab K. Maulik and Mohsen Mazidi and Colm McAlinden and J J Mcgrath and Martin Mckee and Man M Mehndiratta and Ravi Mehrotra and Kala M. Mehta and Varshil Mehta and Fabiola Mej{\'i}a-Rodr{\'i}guez and Tesfa Mekonen and Addisu Melese and Mulugeta Melku and Michele Meltzer and Peter Memiah and Ziad A. Memish and Walter Mendoza and Desalegn Tadese Mengistu and Getnet Mengistu and George A. Mensah and Seid Tiku Mereta and Atte Meretoja and Tuomo Meretoja and Tomislav Me{\vs}trovi{\'c} and Naser Mohammad gholi Mezerji and Bartosz Miazgowski and Tomasz Miazgowski and Anoushka I Millear and Ted R. Miller and Benjamin Miltz and G. K. Mini and Mojde Mirarefin and Erkin M. Mirrakhimov and Awoke Misganaw and Philip B. Mitchell and Habtamu Dessie Mitiku and Babak Moazen and Bahram Mohajer and Karzan Abdulmuhsin Mohammad and Noushin Mohammadifard and Mousa Mohammadnia-Afrouzi and Mohammed A. Mohammed and Shafiu Mohammed and Farnam Mohebi and Modhurima Moitra and Ali H. Mokdad and Mariam Molokhia and Lorenzo Monasta and Yoshan Moodley and Mahmood Moosazadeh and Ghobad Moradi and Maziar Moradi-Lakeh and Mehdi Moradinazar and Paula Moraga and Lidia Morawska and Ilais Moreno Vel{\'a}squez and Joana Morgado-da-Costa and Shane D. Morrison and Marilita M. Moschos and W. Cliff Mountjoy-Venning and Seyyed Meysam Mousavi and Kalayu Brhane Mruts and Achenef Asmamaw Muche and Kindie Fentahun Muchie and Ulrich Otto Mueller and Oumer Sada Muhammed and Satinath Mukhopadhyay and Kate Muller and John Everett Mumford and Manoj V Murhekar and Jonah Musa and Kamarul Imran Musa and Ghulam Mustafa and Ashraf Fawzy Nabhan and Chie Nagata and Mohsen Naghavi and Aliya Naheed and Azin Nahvijou and Gurudatta Naik and Nitish Naik and Farid Najafi and Luigi Naldi and Hae-Sung Nam and Vinay Nangia and Jobert Richie N. Nansseu and Bruno Ramos Nascimento and Gopalakrishnan Natarajan and Nahid Neamati and Ionut Negoi and Ruxandra Irina Negoi and Subas Neupane and Charles R. Newton and Josephine Wanjiku Ngunjiri and Anh Quynh Nguyen and Ha Thu Nguyen and Huong Lan Thi Nguyen and Huong Thanh Nguyen and Long Hoang Nguyen and Minh Nguyen and Nam Ba Nguyen and Son Hoang Nguyen and E. Nichols and Dina Nur Anggraini Ningrum and Molly R. Nixon and Nomonde Nolutshungu and Shuhei Nomura and Ole Frithjof Norheim and Mehdi Noroozi and Bo Norrving and Jean Jacques N Noubiap and Hamid Reza Nouri and Malihe Nourollahpour Shiadeh and Mohammad Reza Nowroozi and Elaine Okanyene Nsoesie and Peter Suwirakwenda Nyasulu and Christopher M. Odell and Richard Ofori-Asenso and Felix Akpojene Ogbo and In-Hwan Oh and Olanrewaju Oladimeji and Andrew T. Olagunju and Tinuke O Olagunju and Pedro R Olivares and Helen Elizabeth Olsen and Bolajoko O. Olusanya and Kanyin Liane Ong and Sok King Ong and Eyal Oren and Alberto Ortiz and Erika Ota and Stanislav Otstavnov and Simon {\O}verland and Mayowa Ojo Owolabi and A MaheshP and Rosana E. Pacella and Amir H. Pakpour and Adrian Pana and Songhomitra Panda-Jonas and Andrea Parisi and Eun‐Kee Park and Charles D. H. Parry and Shanti Patel and Sanghamitra Pati and Snehal T Patil and Ajay Patle and George C. Patton and Vishnupriya Rao Paturi and Katherine R Paulson and Neil Pearce and David M Pereira and Norberto Perico and Konrad Pesudovs and Hai Quang Pham and Michael Robert Phillips and David M. Pigott and Julian David Pillay and Michael A. Piradov and Meghdad Pirsaheb and Farhad Pishgar and Oleguer Plana-Ripoll and Dietrich Plass and Suzanne Polinder and Svetlana Popova and Maarten Jacobus Postma and Akram Pourshams and Hossein Poustchi and Dorairaj Prabhakaran and S. Prakash and V Prakash and Caroline A. Purcell and Manorama Purwar and Mostafa Qorbani and D. Alex Quistberg and Amir Radfar and Anwar Rafay and Alireza Rafiei and F. Rahim and Kazem Rahimi and Afarin Rahimi-Movaghar and Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar and Mahfuzar Rahman and Mohammad Hifz Ur Rahman and Muhammad Aziz Rahman and Sajjad Ur Rahman and Rajesh Kumar Rai and Fatemeh Rajati and Usha Ram and Prabhat Ranjan and Anna Ranta and Puja C. Rao and David Laith Rawaf and Salman Rawaf and K. Srinath Reddy and Robert C. Reiner and Nickolas Reinig and Marissa B. Reitsma and Giuseppe Remuzzi and Andre M. N. Renzaho and Serge Resnikoff and Satar Rezaei and Mohammad Sadegh Rezai and Ant{\^o}nio Luiz Pinho Ribeiro and Nicholas Roberts and Stephen R Robinson and Leonardo Roever and Luca Ronfani and Gholamreza Roshandel and Ali Rostami and Gregory A. Roth and Ambuj Roy and Enrico Rubagotti and Perminder Singh Sachdev and Nafis Sadat and Basema Saddik and Ehsan Sadeghi and Sahar Saeedi Moghaddam and Hosein Safari and Yahya Safari and Roya Safari-Faramani and Mahdi Safdarian and Sare Safi and Saeid Safiri and Rajesh Sagar and Amirhossein Sahebkar and Mohammad Ali Sahraian and Haniye Sadat Sajadi and Nasir Salam and Joseph S. Salama and Payman Salamati and Komal Saleem and Zikria Saleem and Yahya Salimi and Joshua A. Salomon and Sundeep Salvi and Inbal Weiss Salz and Abdallah M. Samy and Juan Ramon Sanabria and Yingying Sang and Damian Francesco Santomauro and Itamar de Souza Santos and Jo{\~a}o Vasco Santos and Milena Santric Milicevic and Bruno Piassi S{\^a}o Jos{\'e} and Mayank Sardana and Abdur Razzaque Sarker and Nizal Sarrafzadegan and Benn Sartorius and Shahabeddin Sarvi and Brijesh Sathian and Maheswar Satpathy and Arundhati R Sawant and Monika Sawhney and Sonia Saxena and Mete I. Saylan and Elke Schaeffner and Maria In{\^e}s Schmidt and Ione Jayce Ceola Schneider and Ben Sch{\"o}ttker and David C. Schwebel and Falk Schwendicke and James G. Scott and Mario Sekerija and Sadaf G. Sepanlou and Edson Serv{\'a}n-Mori and Seyedmojtaba Seyedmousavi and Hosein Shabaninejad and Azadeh Shafieesabet and Mehdi Shahbazi and Amira A Shaheen and Masood Ali Shaikh and Mehran Shams-Beyranvand and MohammadBagher Shamsi and Morteza Shamsizadeh and Heidar Sharafi and Kiomars Sharafi and Mehdi Sharif and Mahdi Sharif-Alhoseini and Meenakshi Sharma and Rajesh Sharma and Jun She and Aziz Sheikh and Peilin Shi and Kenji Shibuya and Mika Shigematsu and Rahman Shiri and Reza Shirkoohi and Kawkab Shishani and Ivy Shiue and Farhad Shokraneh and Haitham Shoman and Mark G. Shrime and Si Si and Soraya Siabani and Tariq Jamal Siddiqi and Inga Dora Sigfusdottir and Rannveig Sigurvinsdottir and Jo{\~a}o Pedro Silva and Dayane Gabriele Alves Silveira and Narayana Singam and Jasvinder A. Singh and Narinder Pal Singh and Virendra Singh and Dhirendra N Sinha and Eirini Skiadaresi and Erica Leigh Slepak and Karen Sliwa and David L. Smith and Mari Smith and Adauto Martins Soares Filho and Badr Hasan Sobaih and Soheila Sobhani and Eug{\`e}ne Sobngwi and Samir S Soneji and Moslem Soofi and Masoud Soosaraei and Reed J. D. Sorensen and Joan B. Soriano and Ireneous N. Soyiri and Luciano A. Sposato and Chandrashekhar T. Sreeramareddy and Vinay Srinivasan and Jeffrey D. Stanaway and Dan J Stein and Caitlyn Steiner and Timothy J. Steiner and Mark Andrew Stokes and Lars Jacob Stovner and Michelle L. Subart and Agus Sudaryanto and Mu'awiyyah Babale Sufiyan and Bruno F. Sunguya and Patrick John Sur and Ipsita Sutradhar and Bryan L. Sykes and Dillon O Sylte and Rafael Tabar{\'e}s-Seisdedos and Santosh Kumar Tadakamadla and Birkneh Tilahun Tadesse and Nikhil Tandon and Segen Gebremeskel Tassew and Mohammad Tavakkoli and Nuno Taveira and Hugh R. Taylor and Arash Tehrani-Banihashemi and Tigist Gashaw Tekalign and Shishay Wahdey Tekelemedhin and Merhawi Gebremedhin Tekle and Habtamu Temesgen and Mohamad-Hani Temsah and Omar Temsah and Abdullah Sulieman Terkawi and Mebrahtu Teweldemedhin and Kavumpurathu Raman Thankappan and Nihal Thomas and Binyam Cheklu Tilahun and Quyen G. To and Marcello Tonelli and R Topor-Madry and Fotis Topouzis and Anna E. Torre and Miguel Tortajada-Girb{\'e}s and Mathilde Touvier and Marcos Roberto Tovani-Palone and Jeffrey A. Towbin and Bach Xuan Tran and Khanh B. Tran and Christopher E. Troeger and Thomas Clement Truelsen and Miltiadis K Tsilimbaris and Derrick Tsoi and Lorainne Tudor Car and E. Murat Tuzcu and Kingsley Nnanna Ukwaja and Irfan Ullah and Eduardo A. Undurraga and Jurgen Unutzer and Rachel L Updike and Muhammad Shariq Usman and Olalekan Abdulrahman Uthman and Muthiah Vaduganathan and A. Vaezi and Pascual R. Valdez and Santosh Varughese and Tommi Vasankari and Narayanaswamy Venketasubramanian and Santos Villafaina and Francesco Saverio Violante and Sergey Vladimirov and Vasily Vlassov and Stein Emil Vollset and Kia Vosoughi and Isidora S. Vujcic and Fasil Wagnew and Yasir Waheed and Stephen G Waller and Yafeng Wang and Yuan-Pang Wang and Elisabete Weiderpass and Robert Weintraub and Daniel J. Weiss and Fitsum Weldegebreal and Kidu Gidey Weldegwergs and Andrea Werdecker and Timothy Eoin West and Harvey A. Whiteford and Justyna Widecka and Tissa Wijeratne and Lauren B. Wilner and Shadrach Wilson and Andrea Sylvia Winkler and Alison B. Wiyeh and Charles Shey Wiysonge and Charles D.A. Wolfe and Anthony D. Woolf and Shouling Wu and Yun Chun Wu and Grant M. A. Wyper and Denis Xavier and Gelin Xu and Simon R Yadgir and Ali Yadollahpour and Seyed Hossein Yahyazadeh Jabbari and Tomohide Yamada and Lijing L. Yan and Yuichiro Yano and Mehdi Yaseri and Yasin Jemal Yasin and Alex Yeshaneh and Ebrahim M Yimer and Paul Yip and Engida Yisma and Naohiro Yonemoto and Seok-Jun Yoon and Marcel Yotebieng and Mustafa Z. Younis and Mahmoud Yousefifard and Chuanhua Yu and Vesna Zadnik and Zoubida Zaidi and Sojib Bin Zaman and Mohammad Mahdi Zamani and Zohreh Zare and Ayalew Jejaw Zeleke and Zerihun Menlkalew Zenebe and Kai Zhang and Zheng Zhao and Maigeng Zhou and Sanjay P. Zodpey and Inbar Zucker and Theo Vos and Christopher J.L. Murray},
  journal={Lancet (London, England)},
  year={2018},
  volume={392},
  pages={1789 - 1858}
}

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Global, regional, and national levels of maternal mortality, 1990–2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015

TLDR
The proportion of all maternal deaths occurring in the bottom two SDI quintiles, where haemorrhage is the dominant cause of maternal death, increased from roughly 68% in 1990 to more than 80% in 2015, but also has the most complicated causal profile.

Global, regional, and national levels and causes of maternal mortality during 1990–2013: A systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease

  • Medicine
  • 2014
TLDR
Global rates of change suggest that only 16 countries will achieve the fifth Millennium Development Goal target by 2015, which requires careful consideration for regions that are making slow progress, such as west and central Africa.
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