Global, regional, and national disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for 306 diseases and injuries and healthy life expectancy (HALE) for 188 countries, 1990-2013: quantifying the epidemiological transition.

  title={Global, regional, and national disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for 306 diseases and injuries and healthy life expectancy (HALE) for 188 countries, 1990-2013: quantifying the epidemiological transition.},
  author={C. J. Murray and Ryan M Barber and Kyle Foreman and Ayse Abbasoglu Ozgoren and Foad Abd-Allah and Semaw Ferede Abera and Victor Aboyans and Jerry Puthenpurakal Abraham and Ibrahim Abubakar and Laith Jamal Abu-Raddad and Niveen M. E. Abu-Rmeileh and Tom Achoki and Ilana N Ackerman and Zanfina Ademi and Ars{\`e}ne Kouablan Adou and Jos{\'e} Carmelo Adsuar and Ashkan Afshin and Emilie Elisabet Agardh and Sayed Saidul Alam and Deena Alasfoor and Mohammed I Albittar and Miguel Angel Alegretti and Zewdie Aderaw Alemu and Rafael Alfonso-Cristancho and Samia Alhabib and Raghib Ali and François Alla and Peter Allebeck and Mohammad A. Almazroa and Ubai Alsharif and Elena Alvarez and Nelson Rafael Alvis-Guzm{\'a}n and Azmeraw T Amare and Emmanuel Adoyi Ameh and Heresh Amini and Walid Hakimiand Mahmoud Ammar and Hugh Ross Anderson and Benjamin O. Anderson and Carl Abelardo T. Antonio and Palwasha Anwari and Johan Arnl{\"o}v and Valentina Arsi{\'c} Arsenijevi{\'c} and Al Artaman and Rana Jawad Asghar and Reza Assadi and Lydia S Atkins and Marco Antonio Avila and B. Awuah and Victoria F Bachman and Alaa Badawi and Mar{\'i}a Cecilia Bahit and K. S. Balakrishnan and Amitava Banerjee and Suzanne Lyn Barker-Collo and Sim{\'o}n Barquera and Lars Barreg{\aa}rd and Lope H. Barrero and Arindam Basu and Sanjay Basu and Mohammed O Basulaiman and Justin Beardsley and Neeraj Bedi and Ettore Beghi and Tolesa Bekele and Michelle L. Bell and Corina Benjet and Derrick A Bennett and Isabela Judith Martins Bense{\~n}or and Habib M Benzian and Eduardo Parrilla Bernab{\'e} and Amelia Bertozzi-Villa and Tariku Jibat Beyene and Neeraj Bhala and Ashish Bhalla and Zulfiqar A Bhutta and Kelly A Bienhoff and Boris T Bikbov and Stan H. Biryukov and Jed Daniel Blore and Christopher D. Blosser and Fiona M. Blyth and Megan A. Bohensky and Ian Bolliger and Berrak Bora Başara and Natan M. Bornstein and Dipan Bose and Soufiane Boufous and Rupert R A Bourne and Lindsay N. Boyers and Michael Brainin and Carol Brayne and Alexandra Bra{\vz}inov{\'a} and Nicholas J. K. Breitborde and Hermann Brenner and Adam D M Briggs and Peter M Brooks and Jonathan C Brown and Traolach S. Brugha and Rachelle Buchbinder and Geoffrey Colin Buckle and Christine M Budke and Anne G. Bulchis and Andrew G. M. Bulloch and Ismael Ricardo Campos-Nonato and H{\'e}l{\`e}ne Carabin and Jonathan Carapetis and Rosario C{\'a}rdenas and D. E. O. S. Carpenter and Valeria Caso and Carlos Andr{\'e}s Casta{\~n}eda-Orjuela and Ruben Estanislao Castro and Ferr{\'a}n Catal{\'a}-L{\'o}pez and Fiorella Cavalleri and Alanur Çavlin and Vineet Kumar Chadha and Jung-Chen Chang and F J Charlson and Honglei Chen and Wan-qing Chen and Pei-Chia Chiang and Odgerel Chimed-Ochir and Rajiv Chowdhury and Hanne K Christensen and Costas A. Christophi and Massimo Cirillo and Matthew M. Coates and Luc E. Coffeng and Megan S Coggeshall and Valentina Colistro and Samantha M. Colquhoun and Graham S Cooke and Cyrus Cooper and Leslie Trumbull Cooper and Luis M Coppola and Monica Cortinovis and Michael H. Criqui and John A Crump and Luc{\'i}a Cuevas-Nasu and Hadi Danawi and Lalit Dandona and Rakhi Dandona and Emily Dansereau and Paul Ivor Dargan and Gail Davey and Adrian C J Davis and Dragos V. Davitoiu and Anand Dayama and Diego de Leo and Louisa Degenhardt and Borja Del Pozo-Cruz and Robert P. Dellavalle and Kebede Deribe and Sarah Derrett and Don C Des Jarlais and Muluken Dessalegn and Samath Dhamminda Dharmaratne and Mukesh Dherani and C{\`e}sar D{\'i}az-Torn{\'e} and Daniel J Dicker and Eric L. Ding and Klara G. Dokova and E. Ray Dorsey and Timothy Robert Driscoll and Leilei Duan and Herbert C Duber and Beth E Ebel and Karen Margaret Edmond and Yousef Mohamed Elshrek and Matthias Endres and Sergey Petrovich Ermakov and Holly E. Erskine and Babak Eshrati and Alireza Esteghamati and Kara Estep and Emerito Jose Aquino Faraon and Farshad Farzadfar and Derek F J Fay and Valery L. Feigin and David T. Felson and Seyed-Mohammad Fereshtehnejad and Jefferson Fernandes and Alize J. Ferrari and Christina Fitzmaurice and Abraham D. Flaxman and Thomas D. Fleming and Nataliya Foigt and Mohammad Hossein Forouzanfar and Francis Gerry R. Fowkes and U. Fra Paleo and Richard C Franklin and Thomas F{\"u}rst and Belinda J Gabbe and Lynne Gaffikin and Fortun{\'e} Gb{\`e}toho Gankp{\'e} and Johanna M Geleijnse and Bradford D. Gessner and Peter W. Gething and Katherine B. Gibney and Maurice Giroud and Giorgia Giussani and H{\'e}ctor G{\'o}mez Dant{\'e}s and Philimon Nyakauru Gona and Diego Gonz{\'a}lez-Medina and Richard Andre Gosselin and Carolyn Gotay and Atsushi Goto and Hebe N. Gouda and Nicholas Graetz and Harish Chander Gugnani and Rahul Gupta and Rajeev Gupta and Reyna Alma Guti{\'e}rrez and Juanita Haagsma and Nima Hafezi-Nejad and Holly Hagan and Yara A. Halasa and Randah Ribhi Hamadeh and Hannah Hamavid and Mouhanad Hammami and Jamie R Hancock and Graeme J. Hankey and Gillian M Hansen and Yuantao Hao and Hilda L. Harb and Josep Maria Haro and Rasmus Havmoeller and Simon I. Hay and R J Hay and Ileana Beatriz Heredia-Pi and Kyle Heuton and P Heydarpour and Hideki Higashi and Martha C H{\'i}jar and Hans W Hoek and Howard J Hoffman and Howard Dean Hosgood and M Delawer Hossain and Peter J Hotez and Damian G Hoy and Mohamed Hsairi and Guoqing Hu and Chen Huang and J. J. Huang and Abdullatif S. Husseini and Chantal Huynh and Marissa L Iannarone and Kim Moesgaard Iburg and Kaire Innos and Manami Inoue and Farhad Islami and Kathryn H Jacobsen and Deborah Jarvis and Simerjot Kaur Jassal and Sun Ha Jee and Panniyammakal Jeemon and Paul N Jensen and Vivekanand Jha and Guohong Jiang and Ying Jiang and Jost Bruno Jonas and Knud Juel and Haidong Kan and Andr{\'e} Karch and Corine Kakizi Karema and C Karimkhani and G. K. Karthikeyan and Nicholas J. Kassebaum and Anil Kaul and Norito Kawakami and Konstantin Kazanjan and Andrew Haddon Kemp and Andre Pascal Kengne and Andre Keren and Yousef S Khader and Shams Eldin Ali Hassan Khalifa and Ejaz Ahmad Khan and Gulfaraz Khan and Young Ho Khang and Christian Kieling and Daniel Kim and Sung Roul Kim and Yunjin Kim and Yohannes Kinfu and Jonas Minet Kinge and Miia Kivipelto and Luke D. Knibbs and Ann Kristin Knudsen and Yoshihiro Kokubo and Soewarta Kosen and Sanjay Krishnaswami and Barthelemy Kuate Defo and Burcu Kucuk Bicer and Ernst J Kuipers and Chanda Kulkarni and V. Sheetal Kulkarni and G. Suvarna Kumar and Hmwe H Kyu and Taavi Lai and Ratilal Lalloo and Tea Lallukka and Hilton Yu Lam and Qing Lan and Van Charles Lansingh and Anders Larsson and Alicia Elena Beatriz Lawrynowicz and Janet L Leasher and James Leigh and Ricky W. K. Leung and Carly E Levitz and Bin Li and Yichong Li and Yongmei Li and Stephen S. Lim and Maggie Lind and Steven E. Lipshultz and Shiwei Liu and Yang Liu and Belinda K Lloyd and Katherine T Lofgren and Giancarlo Logroscino and Katharine J Looker and Joannie Lortet-Tieulent and Paulo Andrade Lotufo and Rafael Lozano and Robyn M Lucas and Raimundas Lunevi{\vc}ius and Ronan A. Lyons and Stefan Ma and Michael F Macintyre and Mark T Mackay and Marek Majdan and Reza Malekzadeh and Wagner Marcenes and David J Margolis and Christopher Margono and Melvin Barrientos Marzan and Joseph R Masci and Mohammad Taufiq Mashal and Richard G Matzopoulos and Bongani M. Mayosi and Tasara T Mazorodze and Neil W Mcgill and J J Mcgrath and Martin McKee and Abigail Mclain and Peter A. Meaney and Catalina Medina and Man Mohan Mehndiratta and Wubegzier Mekonnen and Yohannes Adama Melaku and Michele Meltzer and Ziad Ahmed Memish and George A. Mensah and Atte Meretoja and Francis Mhimbira and Renata Micha and Ted R Miller and Edward Mills and Philip B. Mitchell and Charles N. Mock and Norlinah Mohamed Ibrahim and Karzan Abdulmuhsin Mohammad and Ali H. Mokdad and Glen Liddell D Mola and Lorenzo Monasta and Julio C Monta{\~n}ez Hernandez and Marcella Montico and Thomas J. Montine and M. S. Daniel Mooney and Ami R. Moore and Maziar Moradi-Lakeh and Andrew E Moran and Rintaro Mori and Joanna A Moschandreas and Wilkister K. Nyaora Moturi and Madeline L Moyer and Dariush Mozaffarian and William T Msemburi and Ulrich Otto Mueller and Mitsuru Mukaigawara and Erin C Mullany and Michele E. Murdoch and Joseph Murray and K. Sri Rama Murthy and Mohsen Naghavi and Aliya Naheed and Kovin Naidoo and Luigi Naldi and Devina Nand and Vinay B Nangia and K. M. Venkat Narayan and C. Nejjari and Sudan Prasad Neupane and Charles R. Newton and Marie Cicelie C. Ng and Frida Namnyak Ngalesoni and Grant Nguyen and Muhammad Imran Nisar and Sandra Nolte and Ole Frithjof Norheim and Rosana E Norman and Bo Norrving and Luke Nyakarahuka and In Hwan Oh and Takayoshi Ohkubo and Summer Lockett Ohno and Bolajoko O Olusanya and John Nelson Opio and Katrina F Ortblad and Alberto Ortiz and Amanda W Pain and Jeyaraj Pandian and Carlo Irwin A Panelo and Christina S. Papachristou and E L Park and Jae-Hyun Park and Scott B Patten and George C. Patton and Vinod Kumar Paul and Boris Igor Pavlin and N. R. L. Pearce and David Montero Pereira and Rogelio P{\'e}rez-Padilla and Fernando Perez-Ruiz and Norberto Perico and Aslam Pervaiz and Konrad Pesudovs and Carrie Beth Peterson and Max Petzold and Michael Phillips and Bryan Phillips and David H Phillips and Fr{\'e}d{\'e}ric B Piel and Dietrich Plass and D Poenaru and Suzanne Polinder and Daniel Pope and Svetlana Popova and Richie G. Poulton and Farshad Pourmalek and Dorairaj Prabhakaran and Noela Marie Prasad and Rachel L. Pullan and Dima Mazen Qato and Duane Alex Quistberg and Anwar Rafay and Kazem Rahimi and Sajjad U R Rahman and Murugesan Raju and Saleem M. Rana and Homie Razavi and K. Srinath Reddy and Amany H. Refaat and Giuseppe Remuzzi and Serge Resnikoff and Ant{\^o}nio Luiz Pinho Ribeiro and L. T. Richardson and Jan Hendrik Richardus and Daniel A. Roberts and David Rojas-Rueda and Luca Ronfani and Gregory A. Roth and Dietrich Rothenbacher and David H. Rothstein and Jane T Rowley and Nobhojit Roy and George Mugambage Ruhago and Mohammad Yahya Saeedi and Sukanta Saha and Mohammad Ali Sahraian and Uchechukwu Sampson and Juan Ramon Sanabria and Logan Sandar and Itamar de Souza Santos and Maheswar Satpathy and Monika Sawhney and Peter Scarborough and Ione Jayce Ceola Schneider and Ben Sch{\"o}ttker and Austin E Schumacher and David C. Schwebel and James G. Scott and Soraya Seedat and Sadaf G Sepanlou and Peter T. Serina and Edson Serv{\'a}n-Mori and Katya Anne Shackelford and Amira Shaheen and Saeid Shahraz and Teresa Shamah Levy and Siyi Shangguan and Jun She and Sara Sheikhbahaei and Peilin Shi and Kenji Shibuya and Yukito Shinohara and Rahman Shiri and Kawkab Shishani and Ivy J. Shiue and Mark G Shrime},
  volume={386 10009},
BACKGROUND The Global Burden of Disease Study 2013 (GBD 2013) aims to bring together all available epidemiological data using a coherent measurement framework, standardised estimation methods, and transparent data sources to enable comparisons of health loss over time and across causes, age-sex groups, and countries. The GBD can be used to generate summary measures such as disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) and healthy life expectancy (HALE) that make possible comparative assessments of… CONTINUE READING
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