Global, regional, and national disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for 306 diseases and injuries and healthy life expectancy (HALE) for 188 countries, 1990–2013: quantifying the epidemiological transition

  title={Global, regional, and national disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for 306 diseases and injuries and healthy life expectancy (HALE) for 188 countries, 1990–2013: quantifying the epidemiological transition},
  author={Christopher J. L. Murray and Ryan Barber and Kyle Foreman and Ayse Abbasoglu Ozgoren and Foad Abd-Allah and Semaw Ferede Abera and Victor Aboyans and Jerry Puthenpurakal Abraham and Ibrahim Abubakar and Laith Jamal Abu-Raddad and Niveen M. E. Abu-Rmeileh and Tom Achoki and Ilana N. Ackerman and Zanfina Ademi and Ars{\`e}ne Kouablan Adou and Jos{\'e} Carmelo Adsuar and Ashkan Afshin and Emilie E Agardh and Sayed Saidul Alam and Deena Alasfoor and Mohammed I. Albittar and Miguel Angel Alegretti and Zewdie Aderaw Alemu and Rafael Alfonso-Cristancho and Samia M. Alhabib and Raghib Ali and François Alla and Peter Allebeck and Mohammad A. Almazroa and Ubai Alsharif and Elena {\'A}lvarez and Nelson Alvis-Guzm{\'a}n and Azmeraw T. Amare and Emmanuel A. Ameh and Heresh Amini and W. Ammar and Hugh Ross Anderson and Benjamin O Anderson and Carl Abelardo T. Antonio and Palwasha Anwari and Johan {\'A}rnl{\"o}v and Valentina Arsic Arsenijevic and Al Artaman and Rana Jawad Asghar and Reza Ghaleh Assadi and Lydia S. Atkins and Marco Antonio {\'A}vila and Baffour Awuah and Victoria F Bachman and Alaa Badawi and Maria Cecilia Bahit and Kalpana Balakrishnan and Amitava Banerjee and Suzanne Barker-Collo and Sim{\'o}n Barquera and Lars Barregard and Lope H. Barrero and Arindam Basu and Sanjay Basu and Mohammed O Basulaiman and Justin Beardsley and Neeraj Bedi and Ettore Beghi and Tolesa Bekele and Michelle L. Bell and Corina Benjet and Derrick A Bennett and Isabela Judith Martins Bense{\~n}or and Habib Benzian and Eduardo Bernab{\'e} and Amelia Bertozzi-Villa and Tariku Jibat Beyene and Neeraj Bhala and Ashish Bhalla and Zulfiqar A. Bhutta and Kelly Bienhoff and Boris Bikbov and Stan Biryukov and Jed D. Blore and Christopher D Blosser and Fiona M Blyth and Megan A. Bohensky and Ian Bolliger and Berrak Bora Başara and Natan M. Bornstein and Dipan Bose and Soufiane Boufous and Rupert R A Bourne and Lindsay N. Boyers and Michael Brainin and Carol Brayne and Alexandra Brazinova and Nicholas J. K. Breitborde and Hermann Brenner and Adam D. M. Briggs and Peter M Brooks and Jonathan C. Brown and Traolach Brugha and Rachelle Buchbinder and Geoffrey C. Buckle and Christine M Budke and Anne Bulchis and Andrew G. M. Bulloch and Ismael Campos-Nonato and H{\'e}l{\`e}ne Carabin and Jonathan R. Carapetis and Rosario C{\'a}rdenas and David O. Carpenter and Valeria Caso and Carlos Casta{\~n}eda-Orjuela and Ruben Estanislao Castro and Ferr{\'a}n Catal{\'a}-L{\'o}pez and Fiorella Cavalleri and Alanur Çavlin and Vineet Kumar Chadha and Jung-Chen Chang and Fiona J. Charlson and Honglei Chen and Wanqing Chen and Peggy Pei-Chia Chiang and Odgerel Chimed-Ochir and Rajiv Chowdhury and Hanne Christensen and Costas A. Christophi and Massimo Cirillo and Matthew M Coates and Luc E. Coffeng and Megan S Coggeshall and Valentina Colistro and Samantha M. Colquhoun and Graham S. Cooke and Cyrus Cooper and Leslie Cooper and Luis M. Coppola and Monica Cortinovis and Michael H. Criqui and John A. Crump and Lucia Cuevas-Nasu and Hadi Danawi and Lalit Dandona and Rakhi Dandona and Emily Dansereau and Paul I Dargan and Gail Davey and Adrian Davis and Dragoș Virgil Davițoiu and Anand Dayama and Diego De Leo and Louisa Degenhardt and Borja del Pozo-Cruz and Robert Paul Dellavalle and Kebede Deribe and Sarah Derrett and Don Des Jarlais and Muluken Dessalegn and Samath Dhamminda Dharmaratne and Mukesh Dherani and C{\'e}sar D{\'i}az-Torn{\'e} and Daniel J Dicker and Eric L. Ding and Klara Georgieva Dokova and Earl Ray Dorsey and Tim R Driscoll and Lei-lei Duan and Herbert C Duber and Beth E Ebel and Karen Margaret Edmond and Yousef M Elshrek and Matthias Endres and Sergey Petrovich Ermakov and Holly E Erskine and Babak Eshrati and Alireza Esteghamati and Kara Estep and Emerito Jose Aquino Faraon and Farshad Farzadfar and Derek F J Fay and Valery L. Feigin and David T. Felson and Seyed-Mohammad Fereshtehnejad and Jefferson Gomes Fernandes and Alize J Ferrari and Christina Fitzmaurice and Abraham D. Flaxman and Thomas D. Fleming and Nataliya A Foigt and Mohammad Hossein Forouzanfar and Francis Gerry R Fowkes and Urbano Fra Paleo and Richard Charles Franklin and Thomas F{\"u}rst and Belinda J. Gabbe and Lynne Gaffikin and Fortun{\'e} Gb{\`e}toho Gankp{\'e} and Johanna Marianna Geleijnse and Bradford D. Gessner and Peter W. Gething and Katherine B. Gibney and Maurice Giroud and Giorgia Giussani and H{\'e}ctor G{\'o}mez Dant{\'e}s and Philimon N. Gona and Diego Gonz{\'a}lez-Medina and Richard Andre Gosselin and Carolyn Gotay and Atsushi Goto and Hebe Gouda and Nicholas Graetz and Harish Gugnani and Rahul Gupta and Rajeev Gupta and Reyna Alma Guti{\'e}rrez and Juanita A. Haagsma and Nima Hafezi-Nejad and Holly Hagan and Yara A. Halasa and Randah Ribhi Hamadeh and Hannah Hamavid and Mouhanad Hammami and Jamie Hancock and Graeme J. Hankey and Gillian M Hansen and Yuantao Hao and Hilda L. Harb and Josep Maria Haro and Rasmus J Havmoeller and Simon I. Hay and Roderick James Hay and Ileana Beatriz Heredia-Pi and Kyle Heuton and Pouria Heydarpour and Hideki Higashi and Martha H{\'i}jar and Hans W. Hoek and Howard J Hoffman and H. Dean Hosgood and Mazeda Hossain and Peter Jay Hotez and Damian G Hoy and Mohamed Hsairi and Guoqing Hu and Cheng Huang and John J Emmanuel Huang and Abdullatif Husseini and Chantal K Huynh and Marissa L Iannarone and Kim Moesgaard Iburg and Kaire Innos and Manami Inoue and Farhad Islami and Kathryn H. Jacobsen and Deborah L. Jarvis and Simerjot Kaur Jassal and Sun Ha Jee and Panniyammakal Jeemon and Paul N. Jensen and Vivekanand Jha and Guo-hong Jiang and Ying Jiang and Jost B. Jonas and Knud Juel and Hai-dong Kan and Andr{\'e} Karch and Corine Karema and C Karimkhani and Ganesan Karthikeyan and Nicholas J. Kassebaum and Anil Kaul and Norito Kawakami and Konstantin Kazanjan and Andrew Haddon Kemp and Andr{\'e} Pascal Kengne and Andre Keren and Yousef Saleh Khader and Shams Eldin Khalifa and Ejaz Ahmad Khan and Gulfaraz Khan and Young Ho Khang and Christian Kieling and Daniel Kim and Sungroul Kim and Yun Jin Kim and Yohannes Kinfu and Jonas Minet Kinge and Miia Kivipelto and Luke D. Knibbs and Ann Kristin Skrindo Knudsen and Yoshihiro Kokubo and Soewarta Kosen and Sanjay Krishnaswami and Barth{\'e}l{\'e}my Kuate Defo and Burcu Kucuk Bicer and Ernst J. Kuipers and Chanda Kulkarni and Veena S. Kulkarni and G Anil Kumar and Hmwe H. Kyu and Taavi Lai and Ratilal Lalloo and Tea Lallukka and Hilton Y. Lam and Qing Lan and Van Charles Lansingh and Anders Larsson and Alicia Elena Beatriz Lawrynowicz and Janet L. Leasher and James Leigh and Ricky C. Leung and Carly E Levitz and Bin Li and Yichong Li and Yongmei Li and Stephen S. Lim and Margaret L. Lind and Steven E. Lipshultz and Shiwei Liu and Yang Liu and Belinda K. Lloyd and Katherine T Lofgren and Giancarlo Logroscino and Katharine J Looker and Joannie Lortet-Tieulent and Paulo Andrade Lotufo and Rafael Lozano and Robyn M. Lucas and Raimundas Lunevicius and Ronan A. Lyons and Stefan Ma and Michael F Macintyre and Mark T. Mackay and Marek Majdan and Reza Malekzadeh and Wagner Marcenes and David J. Margolis and Christopher Margono and Melvin Barrientos Marzan and Joseph Masci and Mohammad Taufiq Mashal and Richard G Matzopoulos and Bongani M. Mayosi and Tasara Mazorodze and Neil W Mcgill and J J Mcgrath and Martin Mckee and Abigail Mclain and Peter A. Meaney and Catalina Medina and Man M Mehndiratta and Wubegzier Mekonnen and Yohannes Adama Melaku and Michele Meltzer and Ziad A. Memish and George A. Mensah and Atte Meretoja and Francis Mhimbira and Renata Micha and Ted R. Miller and Edward J. Mills and Philip B. Mitchell and Charles Mock and Norlinah Mohamed Ibrahim and Karzan Abdulmuhsin Mohammad and Ali H. Mokdad and Glen D L Mola and Lorenzo Monasta and Julio Cesar Monta{\~n}ez Hernandez and Marcella Montico and Thomas Jude Montine and Meghan Mooney and Ami R. Moore and Maziar Moradi-Lakeh and Andrew E. Moran and Rintaro Mori and Joanna Moschandreas and Wilkister Nyaora Moturi and Madeline L Moyer and Dariush Mozaffarian and William T Msemburi and Ulrich Otto Mueller and Mitsuru Mukaigawara and Erin C Mullany and Michele E Murdoch and Joseph Murray and Kinnari S Murthy and Mohsen Naghavi and Aliya Naheed and Kovin S. Naidoo and Luigi Naldi and Devina Nand and Vinay Nangia and K. M. Venkat Narayan and C. Nejjari and Sudan Prasad Neupane and Charles R. Newton and Marie Ng and Frida Namnyak Ngalesoni and Grant Nguyen and Muhammad Imran Nisar and Sandra Nolte and Ole Frithjof Norheim and Rosana E Norman and Bo Norrving and Luke Nyakarahuka and In-Hwan Oh and Takayoshi Ohkubo and Summer Lockett Ohno and Bolajoko O. Olusanya and John Nelson Opio and Katrina F. Ortblad and Alberto Ortiz and Amanda W Pain and Jeyaraj Durai Pandian and Carlo Irwin Able Panelo and Christina Papachristou and Eun‐Kee Park and Jae-Hyun Park and Scott B. Patten and George C. Patton and Vinod K Paul and Boris Igor Pavlin and Neil Pearce and David M Pereira and Rog{\'e}lio Perez-Padilla and Fernando Perez-Ruiz and Norberto Perico and Aslam Pervaiz and Konrad Pesudovs and Carrie Beth Peterson and Max Petzold and Michael Robert Phillips and Bryan K Phillips and David E Phillips and Fr{\'e}d{\'e}ric B Piel and Dietrich Plass and Dan V. Poenaru and Suzanne Polinder and Daniel Pope and Svetlana Popova and Richie Poulton and Farshad Pourmalek and Dorairaj Prabhakaran and Noela Marie Prasad and Rachel L. Pullan and Dima Mazen Qato and D. Alex Quistberg and Anwar Rafay and Kazem Rahimi and Sajjad Ur Rahman and Murugesan Raju and Saleem Muhammad Rana and Homie Razavi and K. Srinath Reddy and Amany Refaat and Giuseppe Remuzzi and Serge Resnikoff and Ant{\^o}nio Luiz Pinho Ribeiro and Lee Richardson and Jan Hendrik Richardus and D Allen Roberts and David Rojas-Rueda and Luca Ronfani and Gregory A. Roth and Dietrich Rothenbacher and David H. Rothstein and Jane Rowley and Nobhojit Roy and George Ruhago and Mohammad Yahya Saeedi and Sukanta Saha and Mohammad Ali Sahraian and Uchechukwu Sampson and Juan Ramon Sanabria and Logan Sandar and Itamar de Souza Santos and Maheswar Satpathy and Monika Sawhney and Peter Scarborough and Ione Jayce Ceola Schneider and Ben Sch{\"o}ttker and Austin E. Schumacher and David C. Schwebel and James G. Scott and Soraya Seedat and Sadaf G. Sepanlou and Peter T. Serina and Edson Serv{\'a}n-Mori and Katya Anne Shackelford and Amira A Shaheen and Saeid Shahraz and Teresa Shamah Levy and Siyi Shangguan and Jun She and Sara Sheikhbahaei and Peilin Shi and Kenji Shibuya and Yukito Shinohara and Rahman Shiri and Kawkab Shishani and Ivy Shiue and Mark G. Shrime and Inga Dora Sigfusdottir and Donald Silberberg and Edgar P. Simard and Shireen Sindi and Abhishek Singh and Jasvinder A. Singh and Lavanya Singh and Vegard Skirbekk and Erica Leigh Slepak and Karen Sliwa and Samir S Soneji and Kjetil S{\o}reide and Sergey S Soshnikov and Luciano A. Sposato and Chandrashekhar T. Sreeramareddy and Jeffrey D. Stanaway and Vasiliki Kalliopi Stathopoulou and Dan J Stein and Murray B. Stein and Caitlyn Steiner and Timothy J. Steiner and Antony Peter Stevens and Andrea Stewart and Lars Jacob Stovner and Konstantinos Stroumpoulis and Bruno F. Sunguya and Soumya Swaminathan and Mamta Swaroop and Bryan L. Sykes and Karen M. Tabb and Ken Takahashi and Nikhil Tandon and David Tann{\'e} and Marcel Tanner and Mohammad Tavakkoli and Hugh R. Taylor and Braden J Te Ao and Fabrizio Tediosi and Awoke Misganaw Temesgen and Tara Templin and Margreet ten Have and Eric Y. Tenkorang and Abdullah Sulieman Terkawi and Blake Thomson and Andrew L. Thorne-Lyman and Amanda G. Thrift and George D. Thurston and Taavi Tillmann and Marcello Tonelli and Fotis Topouzis and Hideaki Toyoshima and Jefferson Luiz Traebert and Bach Xuan Tran and Matias Trillini and Thomas Clement Truelsen and Miltiadis K Tsilimbaris and E. Murat Tuzcu and Uche S Uchendu and Kingsley Nnanna Ukwaja and Eduardo A. Undurraga and Selen Beg{\"u}m Uzun and Wim H. van Brakel and Steven van de Vijver and Coen H. van Gool and Jim van Os and Tommi Vasankari and Narayanaswamy Venketasubramanian and Francesco Saverio Violante and Vasiliy V. Vlassov and Stein Emil Vollset and Gregory R Wagner and Joseph A Wagner and Stephen G Waller and Xia Wan and Haidong Wang and Jianli Wang and Linhong Wang and Tati S. Warouw and Scott Weichenthal and Elisabete Weiderpass and Robert Weintraub and Wang Wenzhi and Andrea Werdecker and Ronny Westerman and Harvey A. Whiteford and James D. Wilkinson and Thomas N. Williams and Charles D.A. Wolfe and Timothy M Wolock and Anthony D. Woolf and Sarah K Wulf and Brittany R. Wurtz and Gelin Xu and Lijing L. Yan and Yuichiro Yano and Pengpeng Ye and G{\"o}kalp Kadri Yent{\"u}r and Paul Yip and Naohiro Yonemoto and Seok-Jun Yoon and Mustafa Z. Younis and Chuanhua Yu and Maysaa El Sayed Zaki and Yong Zhao and Yingfeng Zheng and David Zonies and Xiao-nong Zou and Joshua A. Salomon and Alan D. Lopez and Theo Vos},
  journal={The Lancet},

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