Global, regional, and national comparative risk assessment of 84 behavioural, environmental and occupational, and metabolic risks or clusters of risks, 1990–2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016

@article{Gakidou2017GlobalRA,
  title={Global, regional, and national comparative risk assessment of 84 behavioural, environmental and occupational, and metabolic risks or clusters of risks, 1990–2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016},
  author={Emmanuela Gakidou and Ashkan Afshin and Amanuel Abajobir and Kalkidan Hassen Abate and Cristiana Abbafati and Kaja M. Abbas and Foad Abd-Allah and Abdishakur M. Abdulle and Semaw Ferede Abera and Victor Aboyans and Laith Jamal Abu-Raddad and Niveen M. E. Abu-Rmeileh and Gebre Yitayih Abyu and Isaac Akinkunmi Adedeji and Olatunji O. Adetokunboh and Mohsen Afarideh and Anurag Agrawal and Sutapa Agrawal and Aliasghar A. Kiadaliri and Hamid Ahmadieh and Muktar Beshir Ahmed and Amani Nidhal Aichour and Ibtihel Aichour and Miloud Taki Eddine Aichour and Rufus O. Akinyemi and Nadia Akseer and Fares Alahdab and Ziyad Al-Aly and Khurshid Alam and Noore Alam and Tahiya Alam and Deena Alasfoor and Kefyalew Addis Alene and Komal Ali and Reza Alizadeh-Navaei and Ala’a Alkerwi and François Alla and Peter Allebeck and Rajaa Al-Raddadi and Ubai Alsharif and Khalid Altirkawi and Nelson Alvis-Guzm{\'a}n and Azmeraw T. Amare and Erfan Amini and W. Ammar and Yaw Ampem Amoako and Hossein Ansari and Josep M Ant{\'o} and Carl Abelardo T. Antonio and Palwasha Anwari and Nicholas D Arian and Johan {\"A}rnl{\"o}v and Al Artaman and Krishna K. Aryal and Hamid Asayesh and Solomon Weldegebreal Asgedom and Tesfay Mehari Atey and Leticia {\'A}vila-Burgos and Euripide Avokpaho and Ashish Awasthi and Peter S Azzopardi and Umar Qadir Bacha and Alaa Badawi and Kalpana Balakrishnan and Shoshana H. Ballew and Aleksandra Bara{\'c} and Ryan Barber and Suzanne Barker-Collo and Till W B{\"a}rnighausen and Sim{\'o}n Barquera and Lars Barregard and Lope H. Barrero and Carolina Batis and Katherine E. Battle and Bernhard T. Baune and Justin Beardsley and Neeraj Bedi and Ettore Beghi and Michelle L. Bell and Derrick A Bennett and James R. Bennett and Isabela Judith Martins Bense{\~n}or and Adugnaw Berhane and Derbew Fikadu Berhe and Eduardo Bernab{\'e} and Balem Demtsu Betsu and Mircea Beuran and Addisu Shunu Beyene and Anil Bhansali and Zulfiqar A. Bhutta and Boris Bikbov and Charles Birungi and Stan Biryukov and Christopher D Blosser and Dube Jara Boneya and Ibrahim R Bou-Orm and Michael Brauer and Nicholas J. K. Breitborde and Hermann Brenner and Traolach Brugha and Lemma N Bulto and Bl Baumgarner and Zahid Ahmad Butt and Lucero Cahuana-Hurtado and Rosario C{\'a}rdenas and Juan Jes{\'u}s Carrero and Carlos Casta{\~n}eda-Orjuela and Ferr{\'a}n Catal{\'a}-L{\'o}pez and Kelly M Cercy and Hsing-Yi Chang and Fiona J. Charlson and Odgerel Chimed-Ochir and Vesper H. Chisumpa and Abdulaal Chitheer and Hanne Christensen and Devasahayam Jesudas Christopher and Massimo Cirillo and Aaron J. Cohen and Haley Comfort and Cyrus Cooper and Josef Coresh and Leslie Cornaby and Paolo Angelo Cortesi and Michael H. Criqui and John A. Crump and Lalit Dandona and Rakhi Dandona and Jos{\'e} das Neves and Gail Davey and Dragoș Virgil Davițoiu and Kairat Davletov and Barbora de Courten and Louisa Degenhardt and Selina Deiparine and Robert Paul Dellavalle and Kebede Deribe and Aniruddh V. Deshpande and Samath Dhamminda Dharmaratne and Eric L. Ding and Shirin Djalalinia and Huyen Phuc Do and Klara Georgieva Dokova and David Teye Doku and Earl Ray Dorsey and Tim R Driscoll and Manisha Dubey and Bruce Bartholow Duncan and Sarah Duncan and Natalie Ebert and Hedyeh Ebrahimi and Ziad El-Khatib and Ahmad Ali Enayati and Aman Yesuf Yesuf Endries and Sergey Petrovich Ermakov and Holly E Erskine and Babak Eshrati and Sharareh Eskandarieh and Alireza Esteghamati and Kara Estep and Emerito Jose Aquino Faraon and Carla Sofia Farinha and Andr{\'e} Faro and Farshad Farzadfar and Kairsten Fay and Valery L. Feigin and Seyed-Mohammad Fereshtehnejad and Jo{\~a}o Fernandes and Alize J Ferrari and Tesfaye Regassa Feyissa and Irina Filip and Florian Fischer and Christina Fitzmaurice and Abraham D. Flaxman and Nataliya A Foigt and Kyle Foreman and Joseph Jon Frostad and Nancy Fullman and Thomas F{\"u}rst and Jo{\~a}o Marcello Furtado and Morsaleh Ganji and Alberto L. Garcia-Basteiro and Tsegaye Tewelde Gebrehiwot and Johanna Marianna Geleijnse and Ayele Bali Geleto and Bikila Lencha Gemechu and Hailay Abrha Gesesew and Peter W. Gething and Alireza Ghajar and Katherine B. Gibney and Paramjit S Gill and Richard Frank Gillum and Ababi Zergaw Giref and Melkamu Dedefo Gishu and Giorgia Giussani and William W. Godwin and Philimon N. Gona and Amador Goodridge and Sameer Vali Gopalani and Yevgeniy Goryakin and Alessandra Carvalho Goulart and Nicholas Graetz and Harish Gugnani and Jingwen Guo and Rajeev Gupta and Tanush Gupta and Vipin Gupta and Reyna Alma Guti{\'e}rrez and Vladimir Hachinski and Nima Hafezi-Nejad and Gessessew Bugssa Hailu and Randah Ribhi Hamadeh and Samer Hamidi and Mouhanad Hammami and Alexis J. Handal and Graeme J. Hankey and Hilda L. Harb and Habtamu Abera Hareri and Mohammad Sadegh Hassanvand and Rasmus J Havmoeller and Caitlin N. Hawley and Simon I. Hay and Mohammad T. Hedayati and Delia V. Hendrie and Ileana Beatriz Heredia-Pi and Hans W. Hoek and Nobuyuki Horita and H. Dean Hosgood and Sorin Hostiuc and Damian G Hoy and Mohamed Hsairi and Guoqing Hu and Hsiang Huang and John J Emmanuel Huang and Kim Moesgaard Iburg and Chad Thomas Ikeda and Manami Inoue and Caleb Mackay Salpeter Irvine and Maria D. Jackson and Kathryn H. Jacobsen and N. Jahanmehr and Mihajlo Jakovljevic and Alejandra J{\'a}uregui and Mehdi Javanbakht and Panniyammakal Jeemon and Lars R. K. Johansson and Catherine Owens Johnson and Jost B. Jonas and Mikk J{\"u}risson and Zubair Kabir and Rajendra P. Kadel and Amaha Kahsay and Ritul Kamal and Andr{\'e} Karch and Corine Karema and Amir Kasaeian and Nicholas J. Kassebaum and Anshul Kastor and Srinivasa Vittal Katikireddi and Norito Kawakami and Peter Njenga Keiyoro and Sefonias Getachew Kelbore and Laura Kemmer and Andr{\'e} Pascal Kengne and Chandrasekharan Nair Kesavachandran and Yousef Saleh Khader and Ibrahim A. Khalil and Ejaz Ahmad Khan and Young Ho Khang and Ardeshir Khosravi and Jagdish Khubchandani and Christian Kieling and Daniel Kim and Jun Yeong Kim and Yun Jin Kim and Ruth W. Kimokoti and Yohannes Kinfu and Adnan Kisa and Katarzyna Kissimova-Skarbek and Mika Kivim{\"a}ki and Luke D. Knibbs and Ann Kristin Skrindo Knudsen and Jacek A. Kopec and Soewarta Kosen and Parvaiz A Koul and Ai Koyanagi and Michael A Kravchenko and Kristopher J. Krohn and Hans Kromhout and Barth{\'e}l{\'e}my Kuate Defo and Burcu Kucuk Bicer and G Anil Kumar and Michael Kutz and Hmwe H. Kyu and Dharmesh Kumar Lal and Ratilal Lalloo and Tea Lallukka and Qing Lan and Van Charles Lansingh and Anders Larsson and Alexander Lee and Paul Hong Lee and James Leigh and Janni Leung and Miriam Levi and Yichong Li and Yongmei Li and Xiaofeng Liang and Misgan Legesse Liben and Shai Linn and Patrick Y. Liu and Rakesh Lodha and Giancarlo Logroscino and Katherine J. Looker and Alan D. Lopez and Stefan Lorkowski and Paulo Andrade Lotufo and Rafael Lozano and Raimundas Lunevicius and Erlyn K Macarayan and Hassan Magdy Abd El Razek and Mohammed Magdy Abd El Razek and Marek Majdan and Reza Majdzadeh and Azeem Majeed and Reza Malekzadeh and Rajesh Malhotra and D{\'e}borah Carvalho Malta and Abdullah Al Mamun and Helena Manguerra and Lorenzo Giovanni Mantovani and Chabila Christopher Mapoma and Randall V. Martin and Jos{\'e} Mart{\'i}nez-Raga and Francisco Rogerl{\^a}ndio Martins-Melo and Manu Raj Mathur and Kunihiro Matsushita and Richard G Matzopoulos and Mohsen Mazidi and Colm McAlinden and J J Mcgrath and Suresh Mehata and Man M Mehndiratta and Toni Meier and Yohannes Adama Melaku and Peter Memiah and Ziad A. Memish and Walter Mendoza and Melkamu Merid Mengesha and George A. Mensah and Gert B. M. Mensink and Seid Tiku Mereta and Atte Meretoja and Tuomo Meretoja and Haftay Berhane Mezgebe and Renata Micha and Anoushka I Millear and Ted R. Miller and Shawn Minnig and Mojde Mirarefin and Erkin M. Mirrakhimov and Awoke Misganaw and Shiva Raj Mishra and Karzan Abdulmuhsin Mohammad and Kedir Endris Mohammed and Shafiu Mohammed and Norlinah Mohamed Ibrahim and Murali B. V. Mohan and Ali H. Mokdad and Lorenzo Monasta and Julio Cesar Monta{\~n}ez Hernandez and Marcella Montico and Maziar Moradi-Lakeh and Paula Moraga and Lidia Morawska and Shane D. Morrison and Cliff Mountjoy-Venning and Ulrich Otto Mueller and Erin C Mullany and Kate Muller and Gudlavalleti Venkata Satyanarayana Murthy and Kamarul Imran Musa and Mohsen Naghavi and Aliya Naheed and Vinay Nangia and Gopalakrishnan Natarajan and Ionut Negoi and Ruxandra Irina Negoi and Cuong Tat Nguyen and Grant Nguyen and Minh Nguyen and Quyen Le Thi Nguyen and Trang Huyen Thi Nguyen and E. Nichols and Dina Nur Anggraini Ningrum and Marika Nomura and Vuong Minh Nong and Ole Frithjof Norheim and Bo Norrving and Jean Jacques N Noubiap and Carla Makhlouf Obermeyer and Felix Akpojene Ogbo and Hwan-Jung Oh and Olanrewaju Oladimeji and Andrew T. Olagunju and Tinuke O Olagunju and Pedro R Olivares and Helen Elizabeth Olsen and Bolajoko O. Olusanya and Jacob Olusegun Olusanya and John Nelson Opio and Eyal Oren and Alberto Ortiz and Erika Ota and Mayowa Ojo Owolabi and Mahesh Pa and Rosana E. Pacella and Adrian Pana and Basant Kumar Panda and Songhomitra Panda-Jonas and Jeyaraj Durai Pandian and Christina Papachristou and Eun‐Kee Park and Charles D. H. Parry and Scott B. Patten and George C. Patton and David M Pereira and Norberto Perico and Konrad Pesudovs and Max Petzold and Michael Robert Phillips and Julian David Pillay and Michael A. Piradov and Farhad Pishgar and Dietrich Plass and Martin A Pletcher and Suzanne Polinder and Svetlana Popova and Richie Poulton and Farshad Pourmalek and Narayan Prasad and Carrie Purcell and Mostafa Qorbani and Amir Radfar and Anwar Rafay and Afarin Rahimi-Movaghar and Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar and Mahfuzar Rahman and Mohammad Hifz Ur Rahman and Muhammad Aziz Rahman and Rajesh Kumar Rai and Sasa Rajsic and Usha Ram and Salman Rawaf and Colin D. Rehm and J{\"u}rgen Rehm and Robert C. Reiner and Marissa B. Reitsma and Luz Myriam Reynales-Shigematsu and Giuseppe Remuzzi and Andre M. N. Renzaho and Serge Resnikoff and Satar Rezaei and Ant{\^o}nio Luiz Pinho Ribeiro and Juan A Rivera and Kedir Teji Roba and David Rojas-Rueda and Yesenia Roman and Robin Room and Gholamreza Roshandel and Gregory A. Roth and Dietrich Rothenbacher and Enrico Rubagotti and Lesley Rushton and Nafis Sadat and Mahdi Safdarian and Sare Safi and Saeid Safiri and Ramesh Sahathevan and Joseph S. Salama and Joshua A. Salomon and Abdallah M. Samy and Juan Ramon Sanabria and Maria Dolores S{\'a}nchez-Ni{\~n}o and Tania G. S{\'a}nchez-Pimienta and Damian Francesco Santomauro and Itamar de Souza Santos and Milena Santric Milicevic and Benn Sartorius and Maheswar Satpathy and Monika Sawhney and Sonia Saxena and Elke Schaeffner and Maria In{\^e}s Schmidt and Ione Jayce Ceola Schneider and Aletta Elisabeth Schutte and David C. Schwebel and Falk Schwendicke and Soraya Seedat and Sadaf G. Sepanlou and Berrin Serdar and Edson Serv{\'a}n-Mori and Gavin Shaddick and Amira A Shaheen and Saeid Shahraz and Masood Ali Shaikh and Teresa Shamah Levy and Mansour Shamsipour and Morteza Shamsizadeh and Sheikh Mohammed Shariful Islam and Jayendra Sharma and Rajesh Sharma and Jun She and Jiabin Shen and Peilin Shi and Kenji Shibuya and Chloe Shields and Mekonnen Sisay Shiferaw and Mika Shigematsu and Min-Jeong Shin and Rahman Shiri and Reza Shirkoohi and Kawkab Shishani and Haitham Shoman and Mark G. Shrime and Inga Dora Sigfusdottir and Diego Augusto Santos Silva and Jo{\~a}o Pedro Silva and Dayane Gabriele Alves Silveira and Jasvinder A. Singh and Virendra Singh and Dhirendra N Sinha and Eirini Skiadaresi and Erica Leigh Slepak and David L. Smith and Mari Smith and Badr Hasan Sobaih and Eug{\`e}ne Sobngwi and Samir S Soneji and Reed J. D. Sorensen and Luciano A. Sposato and Chandrashekhar T. Sreeramareddy and Vinay Srinivasan and Nicholas Steel and Dan J Stein and Caitlyn Steiner and Sabine I. B. Steinke and Mark Andrew Stokes and Bryan Strub and Michelle L. Subart and Mu'awiyyah Babale Sufiyan and Rizwan A. Suliankatchi and Patrick John Sur and Soumya Swaminathan and Bryan L. Sykes and Cassandra Szoeke and Rafael Tabar{\'e}s-Seisdedos and Santosh Kumar Tadakamadla and Ken Takahashi and Jukka Takala and Nikhil Tandon and Marcel Tanner and Yihunie L. Tarekegn and Mohammad Tavakkoli and Teketo Kassaw Tegegne and Arash Tehrani-Banihashemi and Abdullah Sulieman Terkawi and Belay Tesssema and Jarnail Singh Thakur and Ornwipa Thamsuwan and Kavumpurathu Raman Thankappan and Andrew Theis and Matthew L. Thomas and Alan J. Thomson and Amanda G. Thrift and Taavi Tillmann and Ruoyan Tobe-Gai and Myriam Tobollik and Mette Christophersen Toll{\aa}nes and Marcello Tonelli and R Topor-Madry and Anna E. Torre and Miguel Tortajada and Mathilde Touvier and Bach Xuan Tran and Thomas Clement Truelsen and Kald Beshir Tuem and E. Murat Tuzcu and Stefanos Tyrovolas and Kingsley Nnanna Ukwaja and Chigozie Jesse Uneke and Rachel L Updike and Olalekan Abdulrahman Uthman and J. F. van Boven and Aaron van Donkelaar and Santosh Varughese and Tommi Vasankari and Lennert Veerman and Vidhya Venkateswaran and Narayanaswamy Venketasubramanian and Francesco Saverio Violante and Sergey Vladimirov and Vasiliy V. Vlassov and Stein Emil Vollset and Theo Vos and Fiseha Wadilo and Tolassa Wakayo and Mitchell T. Wallin and Yuan-Pang Wang and Scott Weichenthal and Elisabete Weiderpass and Robert Weintraub and Daniel J. Weiss and Andrea Werdecker and Ronny Westerman and Harvey A. Whiteford and Charles Shey Wiysonge and Belete Getahun Woldeyes and Charles D.A. Wolfe and Rachel Woodbrook and Abdulhalik Workicho and Sarah Wulf Hanson and Denis Xavier and Gelin Xu and Simon R Yadgir and Bereket Yakob and Lijing L. Yan and Mehdi Yaseri and Hassen Hamid Yimam and Paul Siu-Fai Yip and Naohiro Yonemoto and Seok-Jun Yoon and Marcel Yotebieng and Mustafa Z. Younis and Zoubida Zaidi and Maysaa El Sayed Zaki and Luis Zavala-Arciniega and Xueying Zhang and Stephanie R M Zimsen and Ben Zipkin and Sanjay P. Zodpey and Stephen S. Lim and Christopher J. L. Murray},
  journal={Lancet (London, England)},
  year={2017},
  volume={390},
  pages={1345 - 1422}
}

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