Global, regional, and national age-sex specific mortality for 264 causes of death, 1980–2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016

@article{Ad2017GlobalRA,
  title={Global, regional, and national age-sex specific mortality for 264 causes of death, 1980–2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016},
  author={Amanuel Alemu Cristiana Kaja M Foad Semaw Ferede Victor Ol Abajobir Abbafati Abbas Abd-Allah Abera Aboyans Ad and A. Abajobir and C. Abbafati and K. Abbas and F. Abd-allah and S. Abera and V. Aboyans and O. Adetokunboh and Ashkan Afshin and A. Agrawal and A. Ahmadi and Muktar Ahmed and Amani Nidhal Aichour and Miloud Taki Eddine Aichour and Ibtihel Aichour and Sneha Aiyar and Fares Alahdab and Z. Al-Aly and K. Alam and Noore K M Alam and Tahiya Alam and K. Alene and A. Al-Eyadhy and Syed Danish Ali and R. Alizadeh-Navaei and J. Alkaabi and A. Alkerwi and F. Alla and P. Allebeck and Christine Allen and R. Al-Raddadi and U. Alsharif and K. Altirkawi and N. Alvis-Guzm{\'a}n and A. Amare and E. Amini and W. Ammar and Y. Amoako and N. Anber and H. H. Andersen and C. Andrei and S. Androudi and H. Ansari and C. A. Antonio and P. Anwari and J. {\"A}rnl{\"o}v and Megha Arora and A. Artaman and K. Aryal and H. Asayesh and S. W. Asgedom and T. Atey and L. {\'A}vila-Burgos and Euripide Avokpaho and A. Awasthi and T. Babalola and U. Bacha and K. Balakrishnan and A. Barac and M. Barboza and S. Barker-Collo and S. Barquera and L. Barregard and L. Barrero and B. Baune and Neeraj Bedi and E. Beghi and Y. B{\'e}jot and Bayu Begashaw Bekele and M. Bell and James R. Bennett and I. Bense{\~n}or and A. Berhane and E. Bernab{\'e} and B. Betsu and M. Beuran and S. Bhatt and S. Biadgilign and Kelly Bienhoff and B. Bikbov and D. Bisanzio and R. Bourne and N. Breitborde and Lemma N Bulto and Blair R Bumgarner and Z. Butt and Lucero Cahuana-Hurtado and E. Cameron and J. Campuzano and J. Car and Rosario C{\'a}rdenas and J. Carrero and Austin Carter and Daniel C. Casey and C. Casta{\~n}eda-Orjuela and F. Catal{\'a}-L{\'o}pez and F. Charlson and C. Chibueze and Odgerel Chimed-Ochir and V. Chisumpa and Abdulaal Chitheer and D. Christopher and L. Ciobanu and M. Cirillo and A. Cohen and D. Colombara and C. Cooper and B. Cowie and M. Criqui and L. Dandona and R. Dandona and P. Dargan and J. das Neves and D. Davițoiu and K. Davletov and B. de Courten and B. K. Defo and L. Degenhardt and Selina Deiparine and K. Deribe and A. Deribew and S. Dey and D. Dicker and E. Ding and Shirin Djalalinia and H. P. Do and D. Doku and D. Douwes-Schultz and T. Driscoll and M. Dubey and B. Duncan and M. Echko and Z. El-Khatib and C. Ellingsen and A. Enayati and H. Erskine and S. Eskandarieh and A. Esteghamati and Kara Estep and C. Farinha and A. Faro and F. Farzadfar and V. Feigin and S. Fereshtehnejad and J. Fernandes and A. Ferrari and T. R. Feyissa and I. Filip and Samuel Finegold and F. Fischer and C. Fitzmaurice and A. Flaxman and N. Foigt and Tahvi D Frank and Maya S Fraser and N. Fullman and Thomas F{\"u}rst and J. Furtado and E. Gakidou and A. Garcia-Basteiro and T. Gebre and G. Gebregergs and T. Gebrehiwot and Delelegn Yilma Gebremichael and J. Geleijnse and R. G{\`e}nova-Maleras and H. Gesesew and P. Gething and R. Gillum and M. Giroud and G. Giussani and W. Godwin and Audra L Gold and Ellen M. Goldberg and Philimon N. Gona and S. Gopalani and H. Gouda and A. Goulart and Max G Griswold and Rajeev Gupta and Tanush Gupta and Vipin Gupta and J. Haagsma and N. Hafezi-Nejad and A. Hailu and G. B. Hailu and R. Hamadeh and M. Hambisa and S. Hamidi and M. Hammami and Jamie Hancock and A. Handal and G. Hankey and Y. Hao and H. Harb and H. A. Hareri and Mohammad Sadegh Hassanvand and Rasmus J Havmoeller and S. Hay and Fei He and M. Hedayati and N. J. Henry and I. Heredia-Pi and C. Herteliu and H. Hoek and M. Horino and N. Horita and H. Hosgood and S. Hostiuc and P. Hotez and D. Hoy and Chantal K Huynh and K. Iburg and C. Ikeda and B. Ileanu and Asnake Ararsa Irenso and C. M. S. Irvine and S. Islam and K. Jacobsen and N. Jahanmehr and M. Jakovljevic and M. Javanbakht and S. Jayaraman and P. Jeemon and V. Jha and D. John and C. Johnson and Sarah C Johnson and J. Jonas and M. J{\"u}risson and Z. Kabir and R. Kadel and Amaha Kahsay and R. Kamal and A. Karch and S. Karimi and C. Karimkhani and A. Kasaeian and N. A. Kassaw and N. Kassebaum and S. Katikireddi and N. Kawakami and P. Keiyoro and L. Kemmer and C. Kesavachandran and Y. Khader and E. Khan and Y. Khang and A. Khoja and Mohammad Hossein Khosravi and A. Khosravi and J. Khubchandani and A. Kiadaliri and C. Kieling and Daniel R. Kievlan and Y. Kim and Daniel Kim and R. Kimokoti and Y. Kinfu and N. Kissoon and M. Kivimaki and A. Knudsen and J. Kopec and S. Kosen and P. Koul and A. Koyanagi and X. Kulikoff and G. A. Kumar and Pushpendra Kumar and Michael Kutz and Hmwe H. Kyu and D. Lal and R. Lalloo and Tea Lallukka Nkurunziza Lambert and Q. Lan and V. Lansingh and A. Larsson and P. Lee and J. Leigh and J. Leung and M. Levi and Yongmei Li and Darya Li Kappe and Xiaofeng Liang and Misgan Legesse Liben and Stephen S. Lim and Patrick Y Liu and Angela Liu and Y. Liu and R. Lodha and G. Logroscino and Alan D. Lopez and S. Lorkowski and P. Lotufo and R. Lozano and T. Lucas and Stefan Ma and Erlyn K Macarayan and Emilie R Maddison and M. Magdy Abd El Razek and M. Majdan and R. Majdzadeh and A. Majeed and R. Malekzadeh and R. Malhotra and D. Malta and Helena Manguerra and T. Manyazewal and C. C. Mapoma and L. Marczak and D. Markos and J. Martinez-Raga and Francisco Rogerl{\^a}ndio Martins-Melo and Ira Martopullo and C. McAlinden and M. McGaughey and J. McGrath and S. Mehata and T. Meier and K. G. Meles and P. Memiah and Z. Memish and M. M. Mengesha and D. T. Mengistu and Bereket Gebremichael Menota and G. Mensah and T. Meretoja and A. Meretoja and Anoushka I Millear and T. Miller and S. Minnig and M. Mirarefin and E. Mirrakhimov and A. Misganaw and S. Mishra and Ibrahim A. Mohamed and K. A. Mohammad and A. Mohammadi and S. Mohammed and A. Mokdad and G. Mola and Sarah K Mollenkopf and M. Molokhia and L. Monasta and J. Monta{\~n}ez and M. Montico and M. Mooney and M. Moradi-Lakeh and P. Moraga and L. Morawska and Chloe Morozoff and S. Morrison and Cliff Mountjoy-Venning and K. Mruts and Kate Muller and C. Murray and G. Murthy and K. I. Musa and J. Nachega and M. Naghavi and A. Naheed and L. Naldi and V. Nangia and B. Nascimento and Jamal T Nasher and G. Natarajan and Ionut Negoi and J. Ngunjiri and C. T. Nguyen and Q. Nguyen and T. H. Nguyen and Grant Nguyen and Minh Nguyen and E. Nichols and D. N. A. Ningrum and V. Nong and J. J. Noubiap and F. Ogbo and I. Oh and A. Okoro and A. Olagunju and H. Olsen and B. Olusanya and J. Olusanya and K. Ong and John Nelson Opio and E. Oren and Alberto Ortiz and Majdi Osman and E. Ota and Mahesh Pa and R. Pacella and S. Pakhal{\'e} and A. Pana and B. Panda and S. Panda-Jonas and C. Papachristou and Eun-Kee Park and S. Patten and G. Patton and D. Paudel and Katherine R Paulson and David M Pereira and F. Perez-Ruiz and N. Perico and A. Pervaiz and M. Petzold and M. Phillips and D. Pigott and Christine Pinho and D. Plass and Martin A Pletcher and S. Polinder and M. Postma and F. Pourmalek and C. Purcell and M. Qorbani and B. Quintanilla and A. Radfar and V. Rahimi-Movaghar and Mohammad Hifz Ur Rahman and M. Rahman and R. Rai and C. Ranabhat and Zane Rankin and P. Rao and G. Rath and S. Rawaf and S. Ray and J. Rehm and R. Reiner and M. Reitsma and G. Remuzzi and S. Rezaei and M. S. Rezai and M. Rokni and L. Ronfani and G. Roshandel and Gregory A. Roth and D. Rothenbacher and G. Ruhago and Rizwan Sa and S. Saadat and P. Sachdev and Nafis Sadat and M. Safdarian and S. Safi and S. Safiri and R. Sagar and R. Sahathevan and Joseph S. Salama and P. Salamati and J. Salomon and A. M. Samy and J. Sanabria and M. S{\'a}nchez-Ni{\~n}o and D. Santomauro and I. Santos and M. {\vS}antri{\'c} Mili{\'c}evi{\'c} and B. Sartorius and Maheswar Satpathy and Maria In{\^e}s Schmidt and I. Schneider and Sam Schulhofer-Wohl and A. Schutte and D. Schwebel and F. Schwendicke and S. Sepanlou and E. Serv{\'a}n-Mori and K. Shackelford and S. Shahraz and M. Shaikh and M. Shamsipour and M. Shamsizadeh and Jayendra Sharma and Rajesh Sharma and Jun She and S. Sheikhbahaei and M. Shey and Chloe Shields and M. Shigematsu and R. Shiri and S. Shirude and I. Shiue and H. Shoman and M. Shrime and I. Sigfusdottir and Naris Silpakit and J. Silva and J. Singh and Abhishek Singh and Eirini Skiadaresi and Amber Sligar and David L. Smith and Alison Smith and Mari Smith and B. Sobaih and S. Soneji and Reed J. D. Sorensen and J. Soriano and C. Sreeramareddy and V. Srinivasan and J. Stanaway and V. Stathopoulou and N. Steel and Dan J Stein and C. Steiner and Sabine I. B. Steinke and M. Stokes and M. Strong and Bryan Strub and Michelle L. Subart and M. Sufiyan and B. Sunguya and P. Sur and S. Swaminathan and Bryan L. Sykes and R. Tabar{\'e}s-Seisdedos and S. Tadakamadla and Ken Takahashi and J. Takala and R. T. Talongwa and M. Tarawneh and M. Tavakkoli and N. Taveira and T. Tegegne and A. Tehrani-Banihashemi and M. Temsah and A. Terkawi and J. Thakur and Ornwipa Thamsuwan and K. Thankappan and Katie E Thomas and Alex H Thompson and A. Thomson and A. Thrift and Ruoyan Tobe-Gai and R. Topor-Madry and Anna E. Torre and M. Tortajada and J. Towbin and B. Tran and C. Troeger and T. Truelsen and Derrick Tsoi and S. Tyrovolas and K. Ukwaja and E. Undurraga and R. Updike and O. Uthman and B. Uzochukwu and J. V. van Boven and T. Vasankari and N. Venketasubramanian and F. Violante and V. Vlassov and S. Vollset and T. Vos and Tolassa Wakayo and M. Wallin and Yuan-Pang Wang and E. Weiderpass and R. Weintraub and D. Weiss and A. Werdecker and R. Westerman and Brian Whetter and H. Whiteford and T. Wijeratne and C. Wiysonge and Belete Getahun Woldeyes and C. Wolfe and Rachel Woodbrook and A. Workicho and D. Xavier and Q. Xiao and Gelin Xu and M. Yaghoubi and Bereket Yakob and Y. Yano and M. Yaseri and H. H. Yimam and N. Yonemoto and Seok-Jun Yoon and M. Yotebieng and M. Younis and Z. Zaidi and M. Zaki and Elias Asfaw Zegeye and Z. M. Zenebe and T. Zerfu and A. Zhang and Xueying Zhang and B. Zipkin and S. Zodpey and A. Z. Giref and Anwar Rafay and E. Tuzcu and S. Ermakov and P. Shi and Parkash C Gupta},
  journal={Lancet (London, England)},
  year={2017},
  volume={390},
  pages={1151 - 1210}
}
Summary Background Monitoring levels and trends in premature mortality is crucial to understanding how societies can address prominent sources of early death. The Global Burden of Disease 2016 Study (GBD 2016) provides a comprehensive assessment of cause-specific mortality for 264 causes in 195 locations from 1980 to 2016. This assessment includes evaluation of the expected epidemiological transition with changes in development and where local patterns deviate from these trends. Methods We… Expand
Global, regional, and national age-sex-specific mortality for 282 causes of death in 195 countries and territories, 1980–2017: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017
TLDR
Non-communicable diseases comprised the greatest fraction of deaths, contributing to 73·4% (95% uncertainty interval [UI] 72·5–74·1) of total deaths in 2017, while communicable, maternal, neonatal, and nutritional causes accounted for 18·6% (17·9–19·6), and injuries 8·0% (7·7–8·2). Expand
Global, regional, and national burden of tuberculosis, 1990–2016: results from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors 2016 Study
TLDR
If current trends in tuberculosis incidence continue, few countries are likely to meet the SDG target to end the tuberculosis epidemic by 2030, and several regions had higher rates of age-standardised incidence and mortality than expected on the basis of their SDI levels in 2016. Expand
Global, regional, and national disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) for 333 diseases and injuries and healthy life expectancy (HALE) for 195 countries and territories, 1990–2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016
TLDR
At a global level, DALYs and HALE continue to show improvements and the importance of continued health interventions, which has changed in most locations in pace with the gross domestic product per person, education, and family planning. Expand
Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 328 diseases and injuries for 195 countries, 1990–2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016
TLDR
The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2016 provides a comprehensive assessment of prevalence, incidence, and years lived with disability (YLDs) for 328 causes in 195 countries and territories from 1990 to 2016 and updated the Socio-demographic Index. Expand
Associations of socioeconomic factors with cause-specific Mortality and burden of cardiovascular diseases: findings from the vital registration in urban Shanghai, China, during 1974–2015
TLDR
The mortality of CVD increased in those born during 1937–1945, aperiod of the Japanese military occupation, and during 1958–1965, a period including the Chinese Famine, and changes were in concert with the implementation of policies including extended medical insurance coverage, pollution control, active prophylaxis ofCVD including lifestyle promotion, and national health programs. Expand
National, regional, and state-level all-cause and cause-specific under-5 mortality in India in 2000–15: a systematic analysis with implications for the Sustainable Development Goals
TLDR
Efforts to reduce vaccine-preventable deaths and to reduce geographical disparities should continue to maintain progress achieved in 2000–15 to achieve the SDG child survival targets in India by 2030. Expand
Estimates of the global, regional, and national morbidity, mortality, and aetiologies of lower respiratory infections in 195 countries, 1990–2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016
TLDR
The findings show substantial progress in the reduction of lower respiratory infection burden, but this progress has not been equal across locations, has been driven by decreases in several primary risk factors, and might require more effort among elderly adults. Expand
Global, regional, and national burden of suicide mortality 1990 to 2016: systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016
TLDR
Age standardised mortality rates for suicide have greatly reduced since 1990, but suicide remains an important contributor to mortality worldwide and can be targeted towards vulnerable populations if they are informed by variations in mortality rates. Expand
Health disparities across the counties of Kenya and implications for policy makers, 1990–2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016
TLDR
The burden of communicable diseases decreased but continues to predominate the total disease burden in 2016, whereas the non-communicable disease burden increased. Expand
Influence of socioeconomic events on cause-specific mortality in urban Shanghai, China, from 1974 to 2015: a population-based longitudinal study
TLDR
Birth cohorts exposed to extreme starvation in early life had increased premature cause-specific mortality in later life, and decreased cause- specific mortality followed improvements in public health, medical infrastructure and pollution control, but not for cancer or diabetes. Expand
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