Glenohumeral elevation studied in three dimensions.

  title={Glenohumeral elevation studied in three dimensions.},
  author={Arthur Browne and Pierre Hoffmeyer and Shinpei Tanaka and K. N. An and Bernard F. Morrey},
  journal={The Journal of bone and joint surgery. British volume},
  volume={72 5},
We studied the position and rotational changes associated with elevation of the glenohumeral joint, using a three-dimensional magnetic-field tracking system on nine fresh cadaveric shoulders. The plane of maximal arm elevation was shown to occur 23 degrees anterior to the plane of the scapula. Elevation in any plane anterior to the scapula required external humeral rotation, and maximal elevation was associated with approximately 35 degrees of external humeral rotation. Conversely, internal… CONTINUE READING
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