Glaucoma drainage devices: a systematic literature review and current controversies.

@article{Hong2005GlaucomaDD,
  title={Glaucoma drainage devices: a systematic literature review and current controversies.},
  author={Chian-Huey Hong and Analisa Arosemena and David Zurakowski and Ramesh S. Ayyala},
  journal={Survey of ophthalmology},
  year={2005},
  volume={50 1},
  pages={
          48-60
        }
}

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Retrospective study found that Molteno and Baerveldt glaucoma drainage implants surgery seems to be safe and effective treatment for primary and secondary pediatric glauca refractive to the initial surgical procedure and medical therapy.
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TLDR
Molteno and Baerveldt glaucoma drainage implants surgery seems to be safe and effective treatment for primary and secondary pediatric glauca refractory to the initial surgical procedure and medical therapy.
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TLDR
Lower age at the time of surgery was found to be associated with higher probability of treatment failure, and Molteno and Baerveldt glaucoma drainage implants surgery seems to be safe and effective treatment for primary and secondary pediatric glAUcoma refractory to the initial surgical procedure and medical therapy.
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References

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Modifications in implant design and surgical technique have been developed to limit the occurrence of postoperative complications such as hypotony and its related sequelae, and strabismus.
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TLDR
The Molteno system is recommended as the second drainage operation in all glaucomatous eyes in which conventional therapy has failed, and as the primary surgical procedure (after laser techniques) in eyes with rubeotic and uveiticglaucoma.
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The histology of a failed bleb and the anatomic relationship between the optic nerve and the AGV end-plate when placed 9 mm from the limbus in a patient with neovascular glaucoma is reported.
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Comparing the inflammatory reaction associated with the insertion of Krupin silicone, Molteno polypropylene, and Acrosof end plates in the subconjunctival space of rabbits foundPolypropylene appears to be more inflammatory than silicone and flexible biomaterials appear to be less inflammatory than rigid ones.
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