Glacial survival of boreal trees in northern Scandinavia.

@article{Parducci2012GlacialSO,
  title={Glacial survival of boreal trees in northern Scandinavia.},
  author={Laura Parducci and Tina Z. J\orgensen and Mari Mette Tollefsrud and Ellen Elverland and Torbj\orn Alm and Sonia L. Fontana and K. D. Bennett and James Haile and Irina Matetovici and Yoshihisa Suyama and Mary E Edwards and Kenneth N Andersen and Morten Lund Rasmussen and Sanne Boessenkool and Eric Coissac and Christian Brochmann and Pierre Taberlet and Michael Houmark-Nielsen and Nicolaj Krog Larsen and Ludovic Orlando and M. Thomas P. Gilbert and Kurt H. Kj{\ae}r and Inger Greve Alsos and Eske Willerslev},
  journal={Science},
  year={2012},
  volume={335 6072},
  pages={1083-6}
}
It is commonly believed that trees were absent in Scandinavia during the last glaciation and first recolonized the Scandinavian Peninsula with the retreat of its ice sheet some 9000 years ago. Here, we show the presence of a rare mitochondrial DNA haplotype of spruce that appears unique to Scandinavia and with its highest frequency to the west-an area believed to sustain ice-free refugia during most of the last ice age. We further show the survival of DNA from this haplotype in lake sediments… CONTINUE READING
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