Ginsenoside Rh2(S) induces differentiation and mineralization of MC3T3-E1 cells through activation of the PKD/AMPK signaling pathways.


As part of our search for biologically active anti-osteoporotic agents that enhance differentiation and mineralization of osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells, we identified the ginsenoside Rh2(S). Mostly known to exhibit beneficial effects in cancer prevention and metabolic diseases, Rh2(S) is one of the most active ginsenosides. Here, we show that Rh2(S… (More)
DOI: 10.3892/ijmm.2011.750


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