Gigantopithecus blacki: a giant ape from the Pleistocene of Asia revisited.

  title={Gigantopithecus blacki: a giant ape from the Pleistocene of Asia revisited.},
  author={Yingqi Zhang and Terry Harrison},
  journal={American journal of physical anthropology},
  volume={162 Suppl 63},
Gigantopithecus blacki is the largest hominoid that ever lived. The consensus view is that it is a specialized pongine and late-surviving member of the Sivapithecus-Indopithecus lineage. It is known primarily from Early and Middle Pleistocene cave sites in southern China, dating from 2.0 Ma to almost 300 ka. The cause of its extinction in the late Middle Pleistocene is unknown, but ecological change or the arrival of Homo erectus may have been contributing factors. Gigantopithecus is highly… 

Evidence for increased hominid diversity in the Early to Middle Pleistocene of Indonesia

Results confirm the presence of Meganthropus as a Pleistocene Indonesian hominid distinct from Pongo, Gigantopithecus and Homo, and reveal that Dubois’s H. erectus paratype molars from 1891 are not hominin (human lineage), but instead are more likely to belong to Meganthrops.

Enamel Proteome shows that Gigantopithecus was an early diverging pongine.

It is demonstrated that Gigantopithecus is a sister clade to orangutans (genus Pongo) with a common ancestor about 12–10 million years ago, implying that the divergence of Gigantipithecus from Pongo forms part of the Miocene radiation of great apes.

New hominoid mandible from the early Late Miocene Irrawaddy Formation in Tebingan area, central Myanmar

A new medium-sized hominoid mandibular fossil was discovered at an early Late Miocene site, Tebingan area, south of Magway city, central Myanmar. The specimen is a left adult mandibular corpus

First direct evidence of conservative foraging ecology of early Gigantopithecus blacki (~2 Ma) in Guangxi, southern China.

The isotopic data show Guangxi was characterized by closed C3 forest and humid climate in the early Early Pleistocene, which offered the suitable conditions for G. blacki to become one of the typical species in the faunal assemblages.

The earliest hylobatid from the Late Miocene of China.

A distinguishing feature of Pongo upper molars and its implications for the taxonomic identification of isolated hominid teeth from the Pleistocene of Asia.

This study suggests that the protoconule and the shape of the mesial fovea in upper molars are useful features for the taxonomic identification of isolated hominid teeth.

New Pliocene hominid fossils from Baringo County, Kenya

During field surveys between 2005 and 2011 in the Tugen Hills by the Franco-Kenyan Kenya Palaeontology Expedition, several hominid specimens were discovered in the Pliocene Mabaget Formation. One



A Middle Miocene hominoid from Thailand and orangutan origins

The origin of orangutans has long been debated. Sivapithecus is considered to be the closest ancestor of orangutans because of its facial–palatal similarities, but its dental characteristics and

Gigantopithecus lPongidaec Hominoidear a new species from North India

The new find further demonstrates that Gigantopithecus, although well off the line of direct human ancestry, has definite resemblances in the biomechanics of its jaws and teeth to unquestioned Hominidae.

Divorcing Hominins from the Stegodon-Ailuropoda Fauna: New Views on the Antiquity of Hominins in Asia

The distinctive Stegodon-Ailuropoda fauna of southern China and peninsular Southeast Asia is known to include a number of ape species no longer present today. Among these apes, it is becoming


Giantopithecinae is considered as a new subfamily, with Gigantopithecus as its type genus, logically belonging to Pongidae, not to Hominidae, for this important fossil anthropoid.

First Hominoid from the Late Miocene of the Irrawaddy Formation (Myanmar)

It is enlighten that late Miocene hominoids were more regionally diversified than other large mammals, pointing towards regionally-bounded evolution of the representatives of this group in Southeast Asia.

Khoratpithecus piriyai, a Late Miocene hominoid of Thailand.

Koratpithecus represents a new lineage of Southeast Asian hominoids, closely related to extant great ape ancestors, and several of its morphological derived characters are shared with the orangutan, indicating sister-group relationship with that extant ape.

New discoveries of Gigantopithecus blacki teeth from Chuifeng Cave in the Bubing Basin, Guangxi, south China.

  • Wei Wang
  • Geography, Environmental Science
    Journal of human evolution
  • 2009