Getting the measure of ecosystem services: a social–ecological approach

  title={Getting the measure of ecosystem services: a social–ecological approach},
  author={Belinda Reyers and Reinette (Oonsie) Biggs and Graeme S. Cumming and Thomas Elmqvist and Adam P. Hejnowicz and Stephen Polasky},
  journal={Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment},
Despite growing interest and investment in ecosystem services across global science and policy arenas, it remains unclear how ecosystem services – and particularly changes in those services – should be measured. The social and ecological factors, and their interactions, that create and alter ecosystem services are inherently complex. Measuring and managing ecosystem services requires a sophisticated systems-based approach that accounts for how these services are generated by interconnected… 

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