Getting ready for the manned mission to Mars: the astronauts’ risk from space radiation

@article{Hellweg2006GettingRF,
  title={Getting ready for the manned mission to Mars: the astronauts’ risk from space radiation},
  author={Christine E. Hellweg and Christa Baumstark-Khan},
  journal={Naturwissenschaften},
  year={2006},
  volume={94},
  pages={517-526}
}
Space programmes are shifting towards planetary exploration and, in particular, towards missions by human beings to the Moon and to Mars. Radiation is considered to be one of the major hazards for personnel in space and has emerged as the most critical issue to be resolved for long-term missions both orbital and interplanetary. The two cosmic sources of radiation that could impact a mission outside the Earth’s magnetic field are solar particle events (SPE) and galactic cosmic rays (GCR… 
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