Getting “Out of Africa”: Sea Crossings, Land Crossings and Culture in the Hominin Migrations

  title={Getting “Out of Africa”: Sea Crossings, Land Crossings and Culture in the Hominin Migrations},
  author={Robin Derricourt},
  journal={Journal of World Prehistory},
  • R. Derricourt
  • Published 1 June 2005
  • Geography
  • Journal of World Prehistory
Palaeoanthropologists and archaeologists have advanced a wide range of explanatory narratives for the various movements of Homo erectus/Homo ergaster, and the first modern Homo sapiens, “Out of Africa”—or even back again. The application of Occam's razor—a parsimonious approach to causes—gives a more cautious approach. There is nothing in the available evidence that would require the ability for a human water crossing from Africa before the later Pleistocene, whether across the Strait of… 

The Colonization of “Savannahstan”: Issues of Timing(s) and Patterns of Dispersal Across Asia in the Late Pliocene and Early Pleistocene

This paper examines current weaknesses in the Out of Africa 1 model concerning the earliest hominin dispersals into Asia. It proposes first that the development of grasslands in Late Pliocene East

Early Homo Occupation Near the Gate of Tears: Examining the Paleoanthropological Records of Djibouti and Yemen

The Bab al-Mandab region has often been considered a primary crossing point for early hominins following a southern coastal route from East Africa to South and Southeast Asia. However, surprisingly

Upper Pleistocene Human Dispersals out of Africa: A Review of the Current State of the Debate

  • Amanuel Beyin
  • Environmental Science
    International journal of evolutionary biology
  • 2011
The reviewed literature hints at two modes of early modern human colonization of Eurasia in the Upper Pleistocene: from multiple Homo sapiens source populations that had entered Arabia, South Asia, and the Levant prior to and soon after the onset of the Last Interglacial (MIS-5).

Behavioral and Environmental Background to ‘Out-of-Africa I’ and the Arrival of Homo erectus in East Asia

Current evidence of hominin fossils and artifacts in China and Indonesia points to the arrival and persistence of the genus Homo in East Asia by 1.7 million years ago (Ma). By at least 1.66 Ma, East

The Indian Subcontinent and ‘Out of Africa I’

The last few decades of paleoanthropological research has raised important issues about the rate and chrono-geographical extent of early hominin dispersals from Africa into Eurasia. Owing to its

Early hominins in Europe: The Galerian migration hypothesis




On the Ecological Connection Between Sabre-tooths and Hominids: Faunal Dispersal Events in the Lower Pleistocene and a Review of the Evidence for the First Human Arrival in Europe

The systematic revision of European assemblages of large mammals has shown a faunal break at the Plio–Pleistocene boundary, marked by the arrival of African and Asian species, which allows the tracing of the ecological and biogeographical scenario in which the first dispersal of hominids out of Africa took place.

Africa and Iberia in the Pleistocene

The Nile Corridor and the Out-of-Africa Model: An Examination of the Archaeological Record

This paper addresses the question of whether archaeological data—especially data from the Middle Palaeolithic—are relevant to current discussion on the origin and dispersal of modern humans. The

From Africa to Eurasia — early dispersals

Coastal And Marine Palaeo-environments And Human Dispersal PointsAcross The Africa-Eurasia Boundary

Submarine prehistoric archaeological sites on Mediterranean coasts contribute to understanding human migrations in the last 2 million years. "Out of Africa7', "Multi-regional", and "Trellis" models

Dispersal and colonisation, long and short chronologies: how continuous is the Early Pleistocene record for hominids outside East Africa?

  • R. Dennell
  • Environmental Science, Geography
    Journal of human evolution
  • 2003

Early Italy and the colonization of Western Europe

The Lower Paleolithic of the Arabian Peninsula: Occupations, Adaptations, and Dispersals

To understand major processes of human evolution during the Plio- Pleistocene, it is necessary to consider the available evidence from key regions of the Old World. The Arabian peninsula is often

The first australopithecine 2,500 kilometres west of the Rift Valley (Chad)

This new find from Chad documents the presence of an early hominid a considerable distance, 2,500 km, west of the Rift Valley, which is most similar in morphology to Australopithecus afarensis.

An Asian perspective on early human dispersal from Africa

It is shown here that it is time to develop alternatives to one of palaeoanthropology's most basic paradigms: ‘Out of Africa 1’.