Getting "stuck" in the past: temporal orientation and coping with trauma.

  title={Getting "stuck" in the past: temporal orientation and coping with trauma.},
  author={Elizabeth A. Holman and Roxane Cohen Silver},
  journal={Journal of personality and social psychology},
  volume={74 5},
The relations between temporal orientation and long-term psychological distress were studied cross-sectionally and longitudinally in 3 samples of traumatized individuals: adult victims of childhood incest, Vietnam War veterans, and residents of 2 southern California communities devastated by fire. Results indicated that a past temporal orientation--focusing attention on prior life experiences--was associated with elevated levels of distress long after the trauma had passed, even when… CONTINUE READING


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