Get the Pageant Habit: E. Azalia Hackley's Festivals and Pageants during the First World War Years, 1914–1918

  title={Get the Pageant Habit: E. Azalia Hackley's Festivals and Pageants during the First World War Years, 1914–1918},
  author={Juanita Karpf},
  journal={Popular Music and Society},
  pages={517 - 556}
  • J. Karpf
  • Published 25 November 2011
  • History
  • Popular Music and Society
Little has been written about patriotic activities in African-American communities during the First World War years, 1914–1918. One of the most important community music leaders during this time period was the soprano Emma Azalia Hackley (1867–1922). Hackley was in Paris at the outbreak of war in 1914 and witnessed the eruption of hostility. After her return to the United States she produced a series of folksong festivals in large metropolitan centers throughout the country. When the United… 
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