Gestural communication in subadult bonobos (Pan paniscus): Repertoire and use

  title={Gestural communication in subadult bonobos (Pan paniscus): Repertoire and use},
  author={Simone Pika and Katja Liebal and Michael Tomasello},
  journal={American Journal of Primatology},
This article aims to provide an inventory of the communicative gestures used by bonobos (Pan paniscus), based on observations of subadult bonobos and descriptions of gestural signals and similar behaviors in wild and captive bonobo groups. In addition, we focus on the underlying processes of social cognition, including learning mechanisms and flexibility of gesture use (such as adjustment to the attentional state of the recipient). The subjects were seven bonobos, aged 1–8 years, living in two… 

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