Gerrymandering in Electoral Autocracies: Evidence from Hong Kong

  title={Gerrymandering in Electoral Autocracies: Evidence from Hong Kong},
  author={S. Wong},
  journal={British Journal of Political Science},
  pages={579 - 610}
  • S. Wong
  • Published 2017
  • Economics
  • British Journal of Political Science
To authoritarian rulers, holding somewhat competitive elections enhances legitimacy, but entails political risks. Committing electoral fraud can secure victory, but may jeopardize regime legitimacy. However, there is a tool of electoral manipulation that allows authoritarian rulers to reduce electoral risk while preserving legitimacy: gerrymandering. This article undertakes a systematic study of gerrymandering in Hong Kong, using a dataset that documents boundary changes at the level of… Expand
Blatant electoral fraud and the value of a vote
Abstract This paper explores the relationship between malapportionment and blatant electoral fraud. Although blatant electoral fraud enables incumbents to win elections, it may undermine legitimacyExpand
Disproportional Threat: Redistricting as an Alternative to Proportional Representation
Analyzing the voting behavior of Swiss members of parliament (MP) using newly collected individual, district, and cantonal level data, we show that both electoral disproportionalities and theExpand
Electoral impacts of a failed uprising: Evidence from Hong Kong's Umbrella Movement
Abstract Do anti-regime protests in electoral autocracies benefit the opposition by shifting the political preference of the bystanders? We seek an answer to this question by examining the electoralExpand
A Multi-Criteria Pen for Drawing Fair Districts: When Democratic and Demographic Fairness Matter
Electoral systems are modified by individuals who have incentives to bias the rules for their political advantage (i.e., gerrymandering). To prevent gerrymandering, legislative institutions can relyExpand
To Compete or to Cooperate
In a multiparty authoritarian election, candidates of the ruling coalition may cooperate with each other to defeat the opposition. Alternatively, they may compete against each other, as their supportExpand
Mass Production of Individualized Services: Machine Politics in Hong Kong
Sinizacja systemu politycznego Hongkongu
Why incumbents survive : authoritarian dominance and regime persistence in Russia


Resource disparity and multi-level elections in competitive authoritarian regimes: Regression discontinuity evidence from Hong Kong ☆
Abstract Much research has been done to study how competitive elections affect autocracies and their opposition. Electoral institutions, however, may have different social and political effects. InExpand
The Game of Electoral Fraud and the Ousting of Authoritarian Rule
How can autocrats be restrained from rigging elections when they hold a huge military advantage over their opponents? This article suggests that even when opposition parties have no military capacityExpand
Enhancing Democracy Through Legislative Redistricting
We demonstrate the surprising benefits of legislative redistricting (including partisan gerrymandering) for American representative democracy. In so doing, our analysis resolves two long-standingExpand
Malapportionment, Gerrymandering, and Party Fortunes in Congressional Elections
This paper explores the relationship between the partisan division of the northern vote in U.S. House elections and the partisan division of northern House seats. From at least 1952 through 1964,Expand
The Participatory Effects of Redistricting
While the effects of legal and institutional arrangements on political participation are well documented, little attention has been given to the potential participatory effects of one of the UnitedExpand
Elections under authoritarianism: Preliminary lessons from Jordan
This study examines the politics of elections in authoritarian regimes, focusing on Jordan. Specifically, it considers (1) what is the role of elections in authoritarian regimes? (2) How can weExpand
Electoral Authoritarianism: The Dynamics of Unfree Competition
Contents: The Logic of Electoral Authoritarianism - A. Schedler. Methodological Challenges. Drawing Boundaries: How to Craft Intermediate Regime Categories - G.L. Munck. Observer Paradoxes: How toExpand
Enough! Electoral Fraud, Collective Action Problems, and Post-Communist Colored Revolutions
In countries where citizens have strong grievances against the regime, attempts to address these grievances in the course of daily life are likely to entail high costs coupled with very low chancesExpand
Redistricting and partisan fluidity: do we really know a gerrymander when we see one?
Abstract Redistricting analysis and the concept of gerrymandering are based on the assumption that the electorate is comprised of durable racial, ethnic or partisan blocs of voters. Accordingly, voteExpand
Manipulating electoral laws in Singapore
The literature on electoral authoritarianism has drawn attention to the use of democratic electoral institutions for undemocratic gains. This paper adds to this body of work by showing how aExpand