Gerontocracy in the social wasp, Polistes exclamans

@article{Strassmann1983GerontocracyIT,
  title={Gerontocracy in the social wasp, Polistes exclamans
},
  author={Joan E. Strassmann and Dana C. Meyer},
  journal={Animal Behaviour},
  year={1983},
  volume={31},
  pages={431-438}
}
We observed three naturally occurring Polistes exclamans nests in Austin, Texas for 139 h through a succession of 13 queens. Nine of the 13 replacement queens were the oldest individuals on the nest, forming a system of queen replacement that may be described as a gerontocracy. Before becoming queen, replacement queens foraged more and were more aggressive than females who never became queen. This system of old forager supersedure was similar to that found in other temperate species but… Expand
Queen replacement without gerontocracy in the paper wasp Parapolybia indica in temperate Japan
TLDR
When the original queens were removed artificially or disappeared naturally, younger females (8.7 days old on average, n = 10) became replacement queens, which coincides with a so-called tropical pattern so far known in tropical-zone paper wasps but not in those from temperate-zones. Expand
The Dynamics of Colony Organization in the Primitively Eusocial Wasp Polistes dominulus Christ
TLDR
Although an individual's rank tended to determine its behavioural profile, the effects of the hierarchy were found to be based on a stepwise arrangement into large hierarchical groups. Expand
Queen succession in the primitively eusocial tropical waspRopalidia marginata (Lep.) (Hymenoptera: Vespidae)
TLDR
It is shown that in 9 of 12 queen-removal experiments where such a behavioral differentiation could be discerned, the individual that became a queen (the potential queen) was a Sitter in 6 cases, a Fighter in 2 cases, and a Forager in only 1 case. Expand
Size and colony cycle in Polistes satan, a Neotropical paper wasp (Hymenoptera Vespidae)
TLDR
It is suggested that seasonal variation may affect uninseminated females directly reflecting a flexible developmental programme in primitively eusocial wasps. Expand
Reproduction in foundress associations of the social wasp, Polistes carolina: conventions, competition, and skew
TLDR
The persistence of some aggressive conflict throughout the foundress period suggests that this convention is not absolute, and Reproductive partitioning in early P. carolina colonies may have more to do with enhancing worker production than with conflict over direct fitness. Expand
Bivoltinism as an Antecedent to Eusociality in the Paper Wasp Genus Polistes
TLDR
An explanatory framework for caste evolution in the eusocial wasp genus Polistes (Vespidae) is presented and it is shown that this mechanistic framework can reproduce colony-level characteristics of Poliste and that social castes can emerge from solitary regulatory pathways. Expand
Absence of within-colony kin discrimination: foundresses of the social wasp, Polistes carolina, do not prefer their own larvae
TLDR
Using DNA microsatellite loci, it was able to determine exactly which female was the mother of each larva in eight nests of the social wasp, Polistes carolina, and the absence of nepotism towards closest kin within colonies in this system is likely to promote colony harmony. Expand
Social Structures and Conflict Resolution in Primitively Eusocial Polistes Wasps
The theory of kin selection (Hamilton 1964a, b) explains the evolution of helping behavior among relatives (see Chap. 3), but it also predicts several conflicts among relatives. First, individualsExpand
Worker mortality and the evolution of castes in the social wasppolistes exclamans
SummaryWorkers of the primitively social wasp,Polistes exclamans, had very short average lifespans, averaging 14 days (S.D.=11, N=497) in 1977, 17 days (S.D.=14, N=503) in 1978 and 14 days (S.D.=10,Expand
Wasp who would be queen: a comparative study of two primitively eusocial species
TLDR
The characters of the potential queens are identified by experimentally removing queens from several colonies of both R. marginata and R. cyathiformis by suggesting that this striking difference in the behaviour of the potentially queen-like individuals has to do with the very different mechanisms that queens of the two species use to suppress worker reproduction. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 10 REFERENCES
Dominance Hierarchy and Division of Labour in the Social Wasp, Ropalidida Marginata (Lep.)(Hymenoptera: Vespidae)
TLDR
The presence of a dominance hierarchy among the workers of a Ropalidia marginata colony can be recognised on the basis of pair-wise interactions such that it is the heavier individuals that develop their ovaries and are capable of becoming egg layers. Expand
Temporary Queens in Metapolybia Wasps: Nonreproductive Helpers Without Altruism?
TLDR
In Metapolybia aztecoides some mated females produce only workers, losing in competition with other similar egg-layers before producing either males or queens, a by-product of mutualism rather than of kin selection or parental manipulation. Expand
Dominance Order in Polistes Wasps
  • L. Pardi
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Physiological Zoology
  • 1948
TLDR
Group organization as the authors vertebrates show it, is wholly lacking among the lower invertebrates; and, among the social insects, for the most part, it is developed along different lines from the customary pattern in vertebrate groups. Expand
Parasitoids, Predators, and Group Size in the Paper Wasp, Polistes Exclamans
The paper wasp Polistes exclamans loses part of its brood to the parasitoids Chalcoela iphitalis (Lepidoptera:Pyralidae) and Elasmus polistis (Hymenoptera:Chalcidoidea:Eulophidae) and loses entireExpand
Sex Ratios, Parent-Offspring Conflict, and Local Competition for Mates in the Social Wasps Polistes metricus and Polistes variatus
TLDR
The prediction implicit in Fisher's theory that the remaining population will exhibit a female-biased PI ratio bringing the population investment ratio to 1:1 is met and no local competition for mates is inferred to have occurred based on the observation of no inbreeding and viscosity of the female portion of the population. Expand