Germin and Germin-like Proteins: Evolution, Structure, and Function

@article{Dunwell2008GerminAG,
  title={Germin and Germin-like Proteins: Evolution, Structure, and Function},
  author={Jim M. Dunwell and J. George Gibbings and Tariq Mahmood and Syed Muhammad Saqlan Naqvi},
  journal={Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences},
  year={2008},
  volume={27},
  pages={342 - 375}
}
Germin and germin-like proteins (GLPs) are encoded by a family of genes found in all plants. They are part of the cupin superfamily of biochemically diverse proteins, a superfamily that has a conserved tertiary structure, though with limited similarity in primary sequence. The subgroups of GLPs have different enzyme functions that include the two hydrogen peroxide–generating enzymes, oxalate oxidase (OxO) and superoxide dismutase. This review summarizes the sequence and structural details of… 
Versatility of germin-like proteins in their sequences, expressions, and functions
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Sequence variation was detected among GLP subfamily members at the amino acid level, and based on the sequence variation and phylogenetic analyses, two newGLP subfamilies have been proposed in this review.
Comparative analysis of regulatory elements in different germin-like protein gene promoters
TLDR
It was observed that some of these elements are common and remained conserved among all GLP promoters during evolution and these common elements are reported to be expressed under environmental stresses (salt and pathogen attack) and to growth regulators.
Analysis of Germin-like protein genes family in Vitis vinifera (VvGLPs) using various in silico approaches
TLDR
The analysis will help to utilize VvGLPs and their promoters in future food programs by developing resistant cultivars against various biotic and abiotic conditions and by providing important new insight into their function.
Analysis of Germin-like protein genes family in Vitis vinifera (VvGLPs) using various in silico approaches
TLDR
The analysis will help to utilize VvGLPs and their promoters in future food programs by developing resistant cultivars against various biotic and abiotic stresses and by identifying diverse cis-regulatory elements among which CAAT box, MYB, MYC, unnamed-4 were common to all of them.
Expression analysis of ThGLP, a new germin-like protein gene, in Tamarix hispida
TLDR
The results demonstrate that the ThGLP gene is expressed in leaves and roots, is involved in different abiotic stress responses and controlled by an ABA-dependent signaling pathway.
Functional characterization of germin and germin-like protein genes in various plant species using transgenic approaches
TLDR
Much work is still needed to exploit this ever-expanding repertoire of genes and deploy them for commercial use, and future prospects for their potential role in crop improvement are highlighted.
A Comprehensive Analysis of the Cupin Gene Family in Soybean (Glycine max)
TLDR
According to the RNA-seq data analysis, most of the Gmcupins were differentially expressed in tissue-specific expression pattern and the expression of some duplicate genes were partially redundant while others showed functional diversity, suggesting the GMCupins have been retained by substantial subfunctionalization during soybean evolutionary processes.
Genome-Wide Characterization and Expression Analysis of the Germin-Like Protein Family in Rice and Arabidopsis
TLDR
The results showed that tandem duplication events, especially the clusters of tandem duplication genes on chromosome 8 in rice, play a major role in expansion of theGLP family and thus increase the understanding of the role of the GLP family in abiotic/biotic stress and development.
Methodology Characterization of a rice germin-like protein gene promoter
TLDR
One of the most striking properties of the OsRGLP2 promoter, which is reported for the first time, is its wound-inducible activity.
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References

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TLDR
Studying three GLPs in Arabidopsis thaliana and transgenic tobacco plants indicates that GLPs could be a class of receptors localized in the ECM and involved in physiological and developmental processes as well as stress response.
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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