Germany and Indian Revolution, 1914-18

  title={Germany and Indian Revolution, 1914-18},
  author={Thomas G. Fraser},
  journal={Journal of Contemporary History},
  pages={255 - 272}
  • T. Fraser
  • Published 1 April 1977
  • History
  • Journal of Contemporary History
One of the twentieth century's most characteristic contributions to international relations in war and 'peace' has been the use of dissident groups within states or empires to weaken real or potential enemies. It is no new phenomenon; for nearly sixty years the Bourbon monarchy supported risings by Scottish and Irish Jacobites hoping that they would weaken or divert British power. Nonetheless, as recent analysis of Soviet support for Pathan and Baluchi separatists in Pakistan has again… 
35 Citations
Indian Nationalism and the ‘world forces’: transnational and diasporic dimensions of the Indian freedom movement on the eve of the First World War
Abstract The present article takes a global perspective on the diasporic networks of Indian revolutionaries that were emerging on the eve of the First World War. It looks particularly at three
Indo-German Connections, Critical and Hermeneutical, in the First World War
The questions that Edward Said raised in Orientalism are still unresolved regarding the German interest in India. Said himself mostly excluded German Orientalism from his critique of the British and
Haveri District and the Indian freedom movement
The one great blessing that the unification of India through the British rule had brought about was the rise and growth of a sense of national unity, however vague and uncertain it might have been in
Imperial Fears and Transnational Policing in Europe: The ‘German Problem’ and the British and French Surveillance of Anti-colonialists in Exile, 1904–1939
This chapter shows that possible collaboration between the German government and Asian and African anti-imperialist groups in early twentieth-century Europe was perceived as a dangerous threat by
The Rise of Nationalism in a Cosmopolitan Port City: The Foreign Communities of Shanghai during the First World War
Abstract:By the early 1900s, globalization and imperialism had created cosmopolitan cities such as the Chinese treaty port of Shanghai, where foreign minorities lived side by side. The outbreak of
Britain, Japan, and the Crisis over China, 1915–16
  • A. Best
  • History, Political Science
  • 2015
As with any great historical event, once the First World War ended in 1918, people’s memories of what the conflict had been fought for and what the fighting had entailed began to change. Myths and
Geopolitics, transnational solidarity or diaspora nationalism? The global career of M.N. Roy, 1915–1930
This article examines the global travels and anti-colonial thought of the Indian revolutionary Manabendra Nath Roy. It focuses particularly on his little explored stay in revolutionary Mexico, where
The Methods and Distribution of British Propaganda
When Beaverbrook and Northcliffe assumed control over Britain’s propaganda machinery in February 1918, their appointments held out the promise of a radical change in the methods employed by the
Deconstructing Our Dark Age Future
  • P. Phillips
  • Political Science
    The US Army War College Quarterly: Parameters
  • 2009
The Middle Ages is an unfortunate term. It was not invented until the age was long past. The dwellers in the Middle Ages would not have recognized it. They did not know that they were living in the
Civil War in Europe, 1905-1949
1. Introduction: revolution and civil war as forms of conflict Part I. World War I and an Era of Internal Conflict: 2. World war, revolution, civil war, 1905-18 3. The Russian Civil War, 1917-22 4.


An Autobiography
A GREAT and peculiar interest attaches to these volumes, because in them Herbert Spencer has displayed the steps of the evolution in his own mind of that great scheme of universal evolution which has
General Friedrich von Bernhardi, Germany and the Next War
  • 1912
Memorandum by Wesendonck
  • Testimony of H. Muck, Ghadr Trial
  • 1914
See also files of Bangkok Legation: FO 628 61. Dering to Govt. of India
  • FO
German propagandists reissued a pamphlet attacking British rule in India written by Bryan nine years previously, to his considerable embarrassment. See Bryan to Spring Rice
  • FO
Memorandum by Oppenheim
  • Memoirs
  • 1915
It was assumed during the war that Har Dayal was the inspiration behind the committee. The German documents make it plain that this was not the case
  • Lajpat Rai Autobiographical Writings
  • 1965
In this document he gives the destination as Bangkok but in his memoirs refers to it as Karachi
  • Joshi, op. cit 203-4. 26. Testimony of M. Martinez, Ghadr Trial, IOR.MSS.EUR.C.138, IV
Though ideologically committed, these books contain much valuable information. Dr Adhikari, for example
  • Documents of the History of the Communist Party of India, I
  • 1920
Papen's correspondence leaves no doubt that he believed he was arming a Ghadr enterprise. 55. Statement of George Boehm