German protestants in Tsarist Russia and the Soviet Union

@article{Stricker1987GermanPI,
  title={German protestants in Tsarist Russia and the Soviet Union},
  author={Gerd Stricker},
  journal={Religion in Communist Lands},
  year={1987},
  volume={15},
  pages={32-53}
}
  • G. Stricker
  • Published 1 March 1987
  • History
  • Religion in Communist Lands
German church life in Russia has always been characterised by its extreme diaspora situation both denominationally and ethnically. Outside the Lutheran Baltic provinces Estonia, Livonia and Courland I .--: there was no real structure to German churches in Russia, and there was always an element 'of uncertainty inherent in church life. The only significant exception to this. was the Mennonites ----' but even within the German community they formed an isolated ethnic and religious group. Attempts… 
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Lutherans in Russia since 1990
Origins Lutherans formed the most important Protestant group in the Russian Empire. As early as the mid-sixteenth century Tsar Ivan IV, 'the Terrible', called numerous weapon smiths, fortification